Rhetorical Devices in the Inaugural Address of John F. Kennedy

It is according to Aristotle that a speaker or writer has three ways to persuade his audience: The first kind depends on the personal character of the speaker; the second is on putting the audience into a certain frame of mind; the third is on the proof, or apparent proof, provided by the words of the speech itself.

One of the most influential people who made a memorable speech for the past century is President John F. Kennedy, a famous public speaker who wrote an inaugural address that contains a power to persuade a lot of people.

His well-known speech shows how his method of using the art of persuasive written or spoken discourse (Rhetoric) that an author or speaker uses to convey a meaning to the listener or reader contributes to the purpose or theme of his message for his countrymen.

Definition of Terms:

1. Alliteration: Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words that are close to one another.

2. Allusion: A brief or indirect reference to a person, place, event, or passage in a work of literature or the Bible assumed to be sufficiently well known to be recognized by the reader.

3. Amplification: An expansion of detail to clarify a point.

4. Analogy: A comparison between two things in which the more complex is explained in terms of the more simple.

5. Anaphora: Repetition of one or more words at the head of consecutive phrases, clauses, or sentences.

6. Anastrophe: Inversion of word order to mark emphasis.

7. Antimetabole: Reverasal or repeated words or phrases for effect.

8. Antithesis: Contrast within parallel phrases (not to be confused with the ordinary use of the word to mean “extreme opposite”).

9. Assonance: Repetition of vowel sounds between different consonants.

10. Asyndeton: Absence of conjunctions.

11. Chiasmus: The reversal of grammatical order from one phrase to the next.

12. Climax: Consists of arranging words, clauses, or sentences in the order of increasing importance, weight, or emphasis.

13. Conduplication: Resembles anadiplosis in the repetition of a preceding word, but it repeats a key word (not just the last word) from a preceding phrase, clause, or sentence, at the beginning of the next.

14. Consonance: Repetition of identical consonant sounds within two or more words in close proximity.

15. Ellipsis: Any omitted part of speech that is easily understood in context.

16. Ethos: Makes use of what an audience values and believes to be good or true.

17. Hyperbole: Deliberate exaggeration in order to create humor or emphasis.

18. Imagery: Lively descriptions which impress the images of things upon the mind using one or more of the five senses.

19. Logos: appealing to reason in a measured, logical way.

20. Metanoia: The qualification of a statement to either diminish or strengthen its tone.

21. Metaphor: Meaning or identity ascribed to one subject by way of another.

22. Oxymoron: …

Teaching and Learning Modern Foreign Languages in the United Kingdom Part 1

I.1. Modern Foreign Languages within the curriculum: 1900 – 1988

I.1.a. A curriculum?

Between the1880s and 1904, many pupils had the opportunity of learning a Modern Foreign Language. The main language taught was French; however, German was also taught occasionally. This was the case in most schools existing at the time, although schooling was less compulsory, with compulsory education targeting only a range of students from six to twelve.

In 1904, the Board of Education suppressed Modern Foreign Languages from the curriculum. This lasted for almost 60 years. This had an impact on generations of British pupils, in so far that languages did not appear to be important; and therefore, for years, the British have argued that they were no good at learning them.

The 1944 Education Act was a turning point for the United Kingdom’s educational system. It made school compulsory between the ages of 5 and 15. The Ministry of Education, which had become the Department for Education and Science, introduced the “tripartite system”. Secondary schools were converted into ‘Grammar schools’ for the most able students, the senior schools turned into ‘Secondary Modern Schools’ and had the majority of the students on their roll, and ‘Secondary Technical Schools’ for those with a technical/scientific aptitude were created. The age at which the transition between primary and secondary schools was to be made became more definite in the 1980s, when the different age groups were divided into five Key Stages. Students had to start secondary school at the end of Key Stage 2.

In 1944, the Local Education Authorities provided the facilities and equipment for schools. They also acquired the resources needed and paid teachers. They were to make sure that there was enough space to accommodate all the students between the age of 5 and 15 within the catchment area. They also determined the length of the school day. They had an overview of the curriculum, but no control as such. Over time, the way Local Education Authorities administered their area was very different and the emphasis placed on certain types of school had a tremendous impact on the wider community.

The Secretary of State did not have the legal right to determine the contents of the curriculum. The Department for Education and Sciences’ requests, as far as the curriculum was concerned, were extremely limited except for Religious Studies (daily worship and religious education became statutory). The subjects taught, and the methods and contents, were left to the teaching profession and head teachers. This was the case until the 1980s, though Her Majesty’s Inspectorate and the Office for Standards in Education were inspecting and reporting about schools. No major change happened until 1988.

Therefore between 1904 and 1964, the teaching of languages as we perceive it in 2005 was very limited, in the few schools that offered this option. These were mainly grammar schools or public schools. Indeed, often students were taught only Greek or Latin. Where Modern Foreign Languages were made available, the main skills developed were reading …

Textbook Rentals for College: 8 Reasons to RENT Rather Than Purchase Your College Text Books

Whether you are a full time student at a four year college, a grad student, a student at a community college or a working adult taking classes when you can fit them in, a huge expense is your textbooks.

Yes, you can find used textbooks that will save you same money. But have you thought about textbook rentals for college?

We rent lots of other things, why not text books?

Here are 8 reasons it is smarter to rent rather than buy your textbooks for college:

1. Cheaper: It costs far less to rent a textbook than it does to buy it. When you buy it, it is yours! When you rent it, you are just borrowing it. You are probably thinking – what if I want to keep the book? Simple, all of the top college textbook rental sites have a great purchase plan should you decide to keep the text.

2. Convenience: have you ever stood in line at your college store waiting for your turn to spend a lot of money? There is no line at the online stores!

3. Flexibility: colleges are on many different schedules and so are most of the top book rental sites. They are set up so you can rent for the quarter, the semester, or even the summer.

4. Delivery: textbooks are packed and shipped and arrive at your door. No lugging them from the store to your car and in to your house or dorm.

5. Easy return: the best textbook rental sites will give you FREE shipping when you are ready to return your books. Simply pack them up, slap on the label, and they're ready to be returned.

6. Current Editions: have you ever taken a class that used the professor's own book he has written? Of course, we all have. What if you buy the current edition, plan to sell it at the end of the year, but that professor comes out with a brand new edition. You are stuck – as no one wants to purchase an out of date edition. By renting, you will avoid that problem.

7. Selection: all of the online sites have a HUGE selection of textbooks. Some even have lists for different universities. This makes it easy to get the exact book that you need.

8. Simplicity: why not use textbook rentals for college to simplify this busy time of your life?

Renting textbooks makes so much more sense then buying them. You will save time and money – can not beat that! …

Three Keys to Successful College Student Diets

Going to college can mean a very unhealthy lifestyle. College student diets consist of many unhealthy foods such as junk food, energy drinks filled with nothing but sugar, overly processed foods made to last for twenty years, and foods packed in grease and oil. Still, however, college students eat this food because of many reasons from a lack of time, not having parents to cook for them, and the need for a quick boost of energy to get their work done.

Not only is the college students diet awful but their lifestyle can be extremely unhealthy as well. Drinking lots of alcohol filled with empty calories, smoking with friends, and staying up all night to study for tests every single week.

Here are three keys to a successful college student diet. If you follow these you will be much healthier than many of your peers.

Success Tip 1 – Limit the amount of sugar you eat

Sugar is filled with very simple carbohydrates which will give you a quick burst of energy. After that energy burst, however, your energy levels will fall and this they will do very drastically. It raises blood sugar levels and then causes them to crash. Although sugar is a major favorite of college students wanting that boost of energy, it will always make you feel worse.

Success Tip 2 – Eat More Veggies

Remember how your parents always told you to eat your vegetables? If you do not then you're probably eating extremely unhealthy! Going to college can make it very difficult to go out and buy fruits and veggies at the grocery store. They are also very expensive and can put a major hole in your wallet.

If you have a cafeteria at your college and have meal plans or something similar be sure to get at least one serving of fruits a day.

Success Tip 3 – Order Healthy When Going Out

In college, you are able to go out with friends whenever you wish. For most people, going out places means going to eat somewhere. When you go on a date most likely you are going to go to a place that has food. It is what our society is built around. The average person eats half of their food every year from dining places and restaurants.

When you go to these outings to eat be sure to order what is the healthiest. You do not always have to order salads. You can order chicken wraps if they have them. Avoid the extremely greasy foods and especially fries.

During college, it is not that hard to eat healthy. It will take some change in your diet but after a few weeks you'll be used to it and can be feeling much better than if you were basing your energy levels on the newest energy drinks. Follow these three simple success tips and avoid some weight as well! …

Nelnet Student Loans Cover Costs at All Stages of Education

In an increasingly competitive world, your intelligence, knowledge base, and the perceived quality of your education are extremely important to succeed. It's nearly impossible to get a good job out of high school, and difficult after finishing college. You need to suffer through an unwanted internship before you can get a good job, you need to go to a good school to get that internship, and you need to prepare yourself to get into a good school from an ever younger age. This can be expensive, and Nelnet student loans are available for every stage of the education you need to succeed.

Nelnet, National Education Loan Network, is an enterprise which works exclusively within the education industry, offering student financing programs as well as education software, and use their own loan management software which is also purchased by other lenders.

Nelnet offers loans starting at the very beginning of your educational career. If you need a loan to fully or partially fund your son's or daughter's private grade school or high school education, Nelnet provides loans of up to $ 20,000 per year, with a $ 1000 minimum. Private schools can form a fundamental part of the educational process, especially at the high school level. With faith in public schools fading, a private grade school can be an attractive choice for future success or simply to guarantee a good education.

Nelnet's website offers some online resources for people looking for college information, allowing them to search for colleges based on a number of different criteria including subjects offered, price, admission standards, and demographic information. This information is also provided for continuing education and online schools, graduate schools and private K-12 schools.

You can get federal loans either directly from the Department of Education or through private lenders through the Federal Family Education Loan Program; Nelnet offers all federal loans, include Stafford and PLUS loans for students, graduate students, and parents.

Private loans offered by Nelnet can cover the reminder of the cost of education after any student aid and federal loans. If you have a good credit or sign with a cosigner with good credit, you can pay as little as Prime minus 1% interest rates, and there is no limit to the total amount you can borrow. These loans can be used to finance books, computers, housing, and other cost-of-living expenses that other loans may not.

Nelnet also provides career-planning services, and you can hire them to review or edit your resume, or work with you to create a selling resume from the beginning. This service is available for both academic and professional resumes.

As a business which deals exclusively in the education industry, it is in Nelnet's best interests that your education be a success, and Nelnet student loans are designed to help you every step of the way. …

How to Build a Career in Photography

Making a career in photography is very hard since this field is a very competitive one where you need qualities like creativity, imagination and you also have to learn the technical aspects of photography. You have learned about how to manipulate the subjects, the lights, and the environment, to have the desired effect.

There are various professional courses varying from beginners to advanced courses for duration of 6 weeks to 2 months. It is mainly conducted by professionals who are photographers themselves who can teach you the practical aspects of photography and theory too.

After you finish this course, you can then specialize as a wedding photographer, a studio photographer, a magazine photographer or a fine art photographer. These courses help you to use the camera setting once you complete the course. You can safely take the camera "off auto" and control the camera manually.
If you wan tot build up a career in photography, you can start with image photography or image library. The first thing to do when it comes to a career in photography is to start taking pictures. Think of a theme which should be realistic like may be wildlife, or the portrait of a face or green color or so on.

Then you have to think of the location which should be a place which is familiar to you, so that it is easy for you to work. First you can start taking pictures of different trees from different angles and different reflections. Then you can also use mirrors to make use of the reflection and make different images.

Start experimenting with your digital camera and take as many photos as you can from different angles. Look for interesting scenes, try to make the pictures attractive, use different lighting and so on. Advancing in the field of electronics help the photographer to easily edit the images taken.

Computer software is not used when the photographer wants to manipulate any image that he or she has taken. Several colleges and training institutions have course on photography which teaches you creativity and the technical aspect. These courses cover everything which is related to photography like equipment, techniques, and designs and so on.

You should have a good eye sight, coordination, imagination and accuracy and also you must have a lot of patience if you want a career in photography. Side by side you must have the skills to deal with clients, publishing agents and advertisers and so on. …

Career Change Beyond 50 – Make Your Age an Asset!

Career change beyond 50-make your age an asset building the right kind of career plan for your after 50 career change.

A career change beyond fifty is likely to happen. It's just a matter of time. A career can reach the end of the road. You may have reached the end of your career path or you company has stopped growing and the writing may be on the wall. Maybe it's becoming more difficult to do a good job in a bad work environment? Whatever the reason for a career change you know in your gut that things have to change.

How are you going to make the transition and change careers beyond 50? What assets do you have to make it happen and hopefully on your time?

Let's look at how you are going to be successful in making the right career change and making your age an asset. You've got a wealth of business experience. It's clearly important to have a written career plan.
A written career plan is like a road map pinpointing your final proposed destination. And like a good road map there are a variety of routes you can take to reach the end of your journey.

Career planning beyond 50 differs from a career plan of someone younger. First, you may have less time to rectify a mistake. And second, you may be bringing more deeply held likes and dislikes to the planning process. Thirdly, on the plus side you will usually have more contacts and more people to network with and help you in your career change planning process.

Now you take a dispersion look at your likes and dislikes, your strengths and weaknesses. Analyze these factors against your research of various careers. Do not worry if something does not immediately jump off the page. Remember this is a journey and focus will come as you gather more information.
It's equally important to reject a possible career based on your conversations and research than to immediately find your right course to that new career.

Basic in your career planning includes added education and training. Do not only think about formal classroom training but be sure to include a robust reading list, other self-study including internet learning and mentoring. All are important to build on your experience and assets to qualify for a position in your planned career.

Beyond the added required education will be an actual work experience. Suggested avenues include working as a volunteer, a temp or a contractor. Perhaps you can take a portion of your prior work experience that is relevant to your proposed new career and if performed over an expired period build the information to show the requisite length of experience.

Become an active member of an area or state career related association. You will become aware, and it is an excellent platform for creative networking.

Your resume should reflect you added education qualifying you for your new career. In the required work experiences in your resume emphasize …

Career Aptitude Test – Take Some Tests and Choose Your Career

There are many among us who are quite confused regarding their career choices. The biggest fear that most of us face is that of getting stuck with the kind of work that gives us migraine. The last thing that we need is a job that we hate doing. However if we do not know what job to take up in the first place then the matter turns a little more disturbing than it already is.

This is where a career aptitude test helps out. These career tests can be found online, and take anything between 2 to 10 minutes to fill out. Most of these questions are asking for the candidacy's opinion concerning various issues and situations. An aptitude test basically helps the examiner to realize if the candidate is liberal or conservative, logical or mechanical, patient, or restless, introvert or extrovert and other similar assignments in his or her outlook.

The candidate's answers to those questions help to deduce suggestions regarding the most feasible job choice for him or her, based on various career choices presented at the end of the test. The most interesting thing about these career tests is that no answer is a wrong answer to any of the questions posed. The answers are analyzed objectively and the relevant career choices are given without any bias.

Career aptitude tests can be very brief and demand monosyllabic answers only. Others are a little more intensive and ask for longer statements stating specific opinions and points. The whole idea is to have an overall idea about the candidate's thought process.

Although it is advisable to give adequate thought to the result presented by such tests, it is not necessary for the candidate to base all his or her career decisions based on these tests results. It is only there to give one a rough idea of ​​which field or subject would be apt for him or her to step into as a profession. After all those who are satisfied with their departure are some of the happiest people in the world.

There is no greater pain than that of being stuck in a profession that you do not enjoy doing. It is all okay to earn money to make a living. But if you compromise with the kind of work that you like in order to pursue a job that pays better, then you will be dissatisfied with it till you let it go for something you like doing as a job.

Career aptitude tests are sometimes successful in clearing confusions regarding what to do after academies. Sometimes they also reveal hidden potential that the candidate was not aware off until he or she took the test. If you do not want to pay for any of these tests, you can simply avail the one that is offered free on the Internet. These take no time at all to write and can be accessed at any time. …

Female Heroines of the Galaxy (in Memory of Carrie Fisher)

The Galaxy is full of hero’s, Luke Skywalker, Neo, Harry Potter, Peter Pan, Superman just to name a few but sometimes the galaxy needs some good heroines too. Let’s take a look and see how many women can kick butt in the top 10 besides Princess Leia:

1. Ray, a scavenger from Jakku helps to find Luke Skywalker in ‘Star Wars – The Force Awakens’ (Notice Ray doesn’t have a last name)

2. Carrie Fisher brought hope in her portrayal of Princess Leia in ‘Star Wars – A New Hope’ in the beginning of the franchise.

3. Natalie Portman’s Padme Amidala wasn’t just the Queen of Naboo, she also was a senator in the Galactic Republic and Luke and Leia’s mother, married to Anakin (Darth Vader)

4. Sigourney Weaver kicked Alien butt long before Will Smith as Ellen Ripley in four ‘Alien’ movies.

5. Jennifer Lawrance became a sensation around the world thanks to her role as Katniss Everdeen in ‘The Hunger Games’ and its three sequels.

6. Milla Jovovich starred as Leeloo, the titular Supreme Being, in 1997’s “The Fifth Element.” (The model-actress also headlines the sci-fi/horror “Resident Evil” franchise.)

7. Linda Hamilton starred as Sarah Connor in 1984’s “The Terminator” and 1991’s “Terminator 2: Judgment Day.” (The role has since been played by not one but two “Game of Throne” stars: Lena Headey on the 2008 Fox series “Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles” and Emilia Clarke in 2015’s “Terminator Genisys.”)

8. Zoe Saldana is no stranger to the science-fiction genre. She stars as Uhura in the “Star Trek” franchise and portrays Neytiri in “Avatar” and its upcoming sequels. But we loved her best when she went from blue to green to play the alien assassin Gamora in 2014’s “Guardians of the Galaxy.” She’ll return to the role in “Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2.”

9. Neo may have thought she was a guy, but no, Carrie-Anne Moss’s Trinity was one lady-hacker who could kick some serious booty — and rock black leather like no other — in 1999’s “The Matrix.” (every guy wanted to be with her)

10. Felicity Jones stars as Jyn Erso, in ‘Rogue One: A Star Wars Story’ a thief and forger who’s recruited by the Rebel Alliance for a mysterious mission.

These women are only a handful of heroines around the galaxy who doesn’t need a hero to tag along and know how to take down bad guys with no problems what so ever.…

Job Opportunities for Candidates With a Physics Major

Candidates with a degree in physics have several job opportunities. Students taking up this subject not only excel in general physics, but also have a substantial knowledge in mathematics, calculus and computer science. Those who get a bachelor's degree look for entry-level positions. There are opportunities galore in manufacturing firms, pharmaceutical agencies, government establishments and academic institutions.

Jobs for physicists are suitable for those pupils who are outstanding in subjects like mathematics and science. To excel in this field, a candidate should have sound numerical skills and logic. One can have a rewarding career and work in a variety of fields such as education, research and also finance.

Let's find out what job opportunities are available for students doing a major in this discipline.

Electronic and Electrical Engineering

Scholars in the subject can work as electronic and electrical engineers who are responsible for assembling, assessing and analyzing electronic items. Other responsibilities are repairing gadgets and also preparing reports based on their testing and analysis. Companies dealing in items like computers, televisions or music systems look for people who have a bachelor's degree in the same discipline or engineering. One can find employment in engineering companies or telecommunications firms. Aspirants having the right qualification and experience are also assured of a handsome pay package.

Associate Health Physicists

These professionals conduct physical examinations, assist health physicists and also train technical staff. Besides having a major in the subject, one who is looking for such positions should know about research and diagnostics methods as well. Successful aspirants can work at research institutes, government bodies and health care institutions. The salary of such professionals can be up to $ 91,000 per annual.

Opportunities in Nuclear Physics

Doing higher studies will also help aspirants to work in the field of nuclear physics. Individuals will be responsible for the building and maintenance of nuclear power plants. They can also research and find out how nuclear science can be effectively utilized to improve health care services like detecting or viewing the inside anatomy of human body without undergoing a surgical procedure.


Individuals can also work as high school teachers responsible for teaching students, preparing academic plans, and also involves themselves in educational conferences. Professionals can even coach students in private classes for additional income. To be eligible for the post of a teacher, one must have relevant degree and knowledge in computer science, mathematics and statistics. Candidates with a teaching certification will have an added advantage. For better prospects, one should have higher grades and adequate teaching experience.


Those who are interested in astronomy can apply their knowledge of math and physics to understand the functioning of the universe. Candidates in this field learn and gather in-depth knowledge about moon, starts, planets and sun. Astronomers are known to resolve issues related to satellite communications, navigation and space flight. Their primary responsibility involves finding methods and developing instruments to monitor and gather astronomical data. Astronomers generally conduct research, analyze huge data and report accordingly on their …