Type 2 Diabetes – Heart Function in the Fetus When the Mother Has Gestational Diabetes

Gestational or pregnancy-induced diabetes is a health problem for both mothers and their children. In March of 2017, the medical journal Pediatric Cardiology reported on a study on fetal heart function in Gestational diabetic mothers. Earlier studies have shown heart abnormalities during the third trimester or last three months of the pregnancy. Researchers at Aga Khan University Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan, found abnormalities during the second trimester, or middle three months.

The human heart is composed of four chambers, the left and right atria at the top of the heart, and the left and right ventricle at the bottom of the heart. In adult circulation, blue non-oxygenated blood flows from the right atrium to the right ventricle, from where it travels to the lungs. Picking up oxygen in the lungs, red blood cells turn red and make their way from the lungs to the right atrium. From there blood travels through the mitral valve and into the left ventricle. The left ventricle then pumps the blood on to the rest of the body.

In the fetus things are different. Blood picks up oxygen from the mother’s placenta and carries it to the right atrium. From the right atrium, the red blood goes directly to the left atrium and on to the left ventricle, bypassing the lungs entirely.

The investigators compared fetal hearts in mothers with Gestational diabetes at 19 to 24 weeks with fetal hearts in non-diabetic mothers…

  • hearts in the diabetic group showed differences in the amount of time they stayed empty before filling and the amount of time they took to contract.
  • another abnormality related to the valve between the left atrium and left ventricle could indicate an abnormal function of the left ventricle.

It is important for enough oxygenated blood to go to the brain of the fetus and all the other organs for growth and development. Checking on fetal hearts during early Gestational diabetes could one day become a clinical test to learn whether future interventions might be helpful.

For now, heart conditions linked with Gestational diabetes are one more reason to prevent or control pregnant mothers developing this form of diabetes. Ways of preventing Gestational diabetes include…

  • achieving and maintaining normal weight before conception,
  • eating healthful foods such as fruits and vegetables,
  • gaining only the recommended amount of weight, and
  • getting regular exercise

Mothers should be concerned about the possibility of developing diabetes during their pregnancy. The following put women at high risk…

  • being overweight or obese,
  • having a history of high blood sugar before the pregnancy,
  • having a family history of Type 2 diabetes,
  • leading a sedentary lifestyle, and
  • being a member of the Black or Asian race.

Low Self Esteem Can Affect Your Work and Career

Have you ever noticed that the people who have successful careers also have a healthy (or even overblown) sense of themselves and their abilities? The ability to see the great things you bring to your job and being strong enough to stand up for what you believe are essential to on-the-job success.

Those who exhibit extremely meek and mild personalities naturally fall into the background. While they may in reality be more qualified and capable of doing the job, they aren’t the ones who command the respect and authority necessary for those big promotions. Strong personalities exude strength and power and tend to be the ones chosen to lead in the workforce.

So, if you are struggling to move to the next level at work, you may want to take a good hard look at your level of self esteem and whether or not it may be harming your chances of advancement by not allowing your co-workers and superiors to see the wonderful asset you are to the company.

Watch for these career busters:

Lack of Confidence.

A lack of confidence in yourself can carry over in the way others view your ability to take over a project and make sure it is completed on time, on budget and with the creativity and attention it deserves. Until you can show a sincere belief in yourself, how can you expect others to believe in you?

Lack of Control.

People who don’t have confidence in themselves often lack the control to get others to do what they need to. Those in superior positions at work have to have the power to be able to get people moving in order to get the job done.

An Inability to Take Responsibility.

Those with little self esteem often find it difficult to accept even minimal criticism or suggestions and may exhibit an inability to accept responsibility for things that have gone wrong (often placing blame on others around them), and the willingness or aptitude to tackle problems that may arise.

An Inability To Try New Things.

Being a supervisor of people and projects requires a certain sense of adventure. Those who are stuck doing everything the same old way years after year out of fear of rejection often find sales sluggish and clients unhappy.

Job-Hopping.

One way to ensure that you won’t move up in a company is to leave before you even have a chance at a promotion. People with low self-esteem are restless and often view their current job as a stepping stone to the next one, but never really stay long enough to make a real impression.

A Lack of Intimacy.

While office romances should be discouraged, you do need to be able to connect with the people you work with on a personal note to be able to move forward. Good supervisors get to know the people below them and take the time to understand what personal issues may be affecting their job performance. People with low self-esteem are uncomfortable forming …

Gulliver’s Travel As a Symbolical Work

Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) was an author, journalist, and political activist. He is best known for his satirical novel Gulliver’s Travel and satirical essay on the Irish famine, “A Modest Proposal.” ‘Gulliver’s Travels’ is a book of fantasy, satire and political allegory, and it is much liked in all ages. He wrote Gulliver’s Travels in 1725, and it was published in 1726. The book got a great success throughout the British Empire and earned the titles of writer and commentator of great quality and reputation for the author. In this book, the travel of Gulliver, a surgeon on a merchant ship, is made to four imaginary countries. So, the book is divided into four parts. His first travel is to Lilliput whose inhabitants are about six inches tall. His second visit is to Brobdingnag, the country of the giants. His third visit is to the Islands of Laputa and Legedo, inhabited by philosophers and scientists, keeping love for music and mathematics. His last visit is to the land of the Honyhnhnms and Yahoos. They are rational and civilized horses, and the yahoos are unreasonable and bestial human beings, completely dirty.

Before discussing the symbols of his work, ‘The Gulliver’s Travel’, we should know something about the literary term ‘symbol’. The word’ Symbol’ is derived from Late Latin word ‘Symbolum’ means token, sign or emblem. It is, indeed, the ornament of literature. The author uses it to expose all the hidden things or the philosophy of work honestly to the readers, as they may not face to any difficulties to be understood. If such thing happened, the work would not be interesting and helpful for representing the age. It is evident that Jonathan Swift has used symbols to convey his ideas to the readers by making it easier with the help of it. Keeping in view all things, we can say that a symbol is something that stands for something else. In Gulliver’s Travels, everything stands for something else because it is written for the purpose of criticizing contemporary philosophies and customs. Nearly every person in this book stands either for a historical figure or for an idea.

Let’s survey the symbols used in his work, The Gulliver’s Travel’.

In the first book, Swift narrates Gulliver’s visit to Lilliputians, the six- inch inhabitants. They represent the symbol of extreme pride of mankind. The author represents the race ironically. He finds that they are small creatures with small minds, but they are the stock of backbiting and conspiracy; despite it, they consider themselves grand. Gulliver comes under the spell of their vain-glory and is made credulous by their threats of punishment, although the race has no real physical power over him. Gulliver learns more about Lilliputians’ culture and the great difference in size between him and the race. It is explicit satire of British government. Gulliver finds Lilliputian government officials are chosen by their skill at rope dancing which is recognized arbitrary and ridiculous. It symbolizes England’s system of political appointment that is …

Online Freelance Writing – The Most in Demand Career As a Freelancer – A Great Income Builder

An Online Freelance writer is a self employed artist or journalist who sells services as an uncommitted independent writer. In the Freelance profession, writing skill is the most demanding opportunity. When it comes to the Internet, the introduction of websites and blogs to promote everything, and the need of fresh and relevant content has increased the freelance writer jobs to the top. Online freelance writing demand has more than doubled.

In fact online content writing is fast becoming one of the major source of freelance writing assignments. Other freelancers, such as freelance photographers, freelance web designer and graphic artists are also facing a great demand in their profession.

There are plenty of jobs for online freelance writing, this does not mean you will be getting a fair share of them, you still have to compete with a lot of freelance writers for jobs. You have to stay active smartly in writing competition. 80/20 rule applies in freelance writing. 20 % of all the freelancers get all outstanding good paying freelance writers jobs where as 80% of the freelance writers get average paying freelance writing job. But if you observe the market and pursue career properly with the current trends you can be in the 20% of the online freelance writers.

Do the following:

1. Do not accept low priced projects:

If you started following this pattern and started taking projects that are priced lower than the market rate, you will get a reputation of accepting cheaper price of your hard work. Do not fall in this trap. Be justified to yourself and charge a price that is acceptable to you happily. A price too high might at times end up losing the project to another low priced freelancer and therefore, stay in the norms.

2. Use advertising and marketing strategies to promote yourself:

Use both online and offline advertising and marketing campaigns to let everyone know that you are a freelance writer, is important. The more people will know you the more assignments you will get and you will be able to choose the reasonable priced ones. Off line, pass your card to everyone you know. Self marketing is essential as this will give you the contacts you need to start a freelance career.

3. Always write your best:

Provide latest relevant no fluff information. Your already written work is going to be the basis for the clients hiring you for future freelance work. Online freelance writing at its best is the primary goal to achieve best results.

4. Create a solid Reputation as a Writer:

And reputation is formed when you not only write good but also present a great reputation as a person, both online and off line. Use best work ethics and make sure to meet dead lines do not take the jobs that you can not finish before time.

5. Be active to find great jobs yourself:

Don’t completely depend on your ads, but look for new jobs everyday. Contact all happy clients and organizations that …

Recent MBA Graduates Without a Job – 10 Tips to Take Control of Your Career

So, you graduated with your MBA and have no full-time job waiting for you?

Before we dive right in, let me just congratulate you on earning your MBA degree. I know that it took a large effort on your part, possibly a sacrifice on many levels, and was also stressful, fun, exhausting, and fulfilling. Well done!

Graduation itself was probably a mix of happiness, relief, and even a little sadness because you were saying goodbye to some good friends.

Maybe there was also something else. You knew that many of your classmates had full-time job offers waiting for them in a few weeks or months, while you had/have nothing lined up.

This article is for you.

I am reaching out to you because I was you six years ago. I graduated from Kenan-Flagler Business School (UNC) with an MBA in marketing and had no job waiting for me after graduation. I was a career switcher (Wall St. to Marketing) and despite many parallels between the two career paths, many recruiters and companies were not seeing the connection and instead were only seeing limited marketing experience on my résumé.

Any of this sound familiar?

Also, I know the income is needed. You have expenses, possibly including new student loans. I get it. I moved back home after graduation. I certainly don’t have advice for every specific situation but what I do know is that you cannot get down on yourself or let negative thoughts creep in and impact your next move.

You have a lot of value to add to an organization and now you need to regroup and find a way in. Keep in mind that this may take several months or longer, however if you remain persistent and focused, you will overcome this minor setback.

Allow me to offer some advice based on either my personal experience or what I learned in hindsight. I hope they are a help to you.

1. Don’t compare yourself to your classmates

You don’t know what you don’t know. Everyone is in a different situation. For example, some of your classmates got their dream offer, some possibly took an offer and now have a hint of regret, some maybe took the first or only offer presented to them, while others are returning to the companies that they worked at before business school because they have to.

You don’t know everyone’s story and it doesn’t matter. Your classmates are starting their new journeys and so are you.

Wish them well and focus on your next steps.

2. Take care of yourself

· Exercise at least several times a week

· Eat well

· Get enough sleep

· Get outside

· Laugh. Read funny books; watch comedies or stand-up comedy

Looking for a new job is stressful and is even more difficult if you’re sick. Stay healthy.

3. Get together with people

Reach out to friends, former co-workers, or classmates for coffee or lunch. It’s great just to catch up and have a good conversation. …

University of North Texas is Hot

Since its establishment in 1890, the University of North Texas has been a hotbed of intellectual, cultural, and technological activity and achievement. Rooted in student development, the university employs an integrated approach when it comes to teaching and learning. Its faculty consisting of several professionals aid in the delivery of education that runs at par with that provided by private universities.

Academic Programs

1. Arts and Sciences

2. Music

3. Visual Arts and Design

4. Library and Information Sciences

5. Business Administration

6. Engineering

7. Education

8. Public Affairs and Community Service

9. Merchandising and Hospitality Management

Sports

Numerous opportunities in sports are offered to incoming freshmen and transferere students of the university. Sports aficionados can find their own place in any of the following varsity sports provided them satisfy varsity standards.

1. Men's and Women's Basketball

2. Cross Country

3. Football

4. Men's and Women's Golf

5. Soccer

6. Softball

7. Swimming and Diving

8. Tennis

9. Track and Field

10. Volleyball

Non-athletes can nonetheless participate in the university's numerous sports programs and activities such as summer camps and clinics which include Girl Scouts and Dance training.

Special Programs

Adding to the university's provisions for mind and body development is its eclectic assortment of special interest programs which include:

1. Air Force ROTC

2. Internships

3. Ethnic Programs

4. Fraternities and Sororities

5. Student Organizations

6. Music Activities

7. Training in Leadership

Admissions, Tuition and Financial Services

Newbies and prospective students are advised to browse through the university website: http://www.unt.edu/ for a detailed briefing regarding admissions, tuition and financial aid. You may also schedule a campus visit and tour ahead of time via the university's website. …

Technology Used in Astronomy Today

Astronomy is a topic in science. For most of astronomy, there are scientific instruments in use. These can be telescopes, which have different technologies, and also that of using computers. In this article, we will take a look at technology used in astronomy today.

Since the dawn of time, man has looked up at the stars in amazement. What were these shimmering lights in the night sky? A torch to light our way? It certainly has been used for farmers, sailors, and many other areas to determine the seasons and other important aspects, however, let us look at the technology used in astronomy.

What was the technology that stone age man and any man or woman today who looks up at the night sky? What is the principle in what is happening when people observe those objects? For certainly the Sun is not as big as my thumb, but actually a size which could eat up Earth and still be hungry!

The point is simple. The stars and other objects in the sky can be millions of light years away. As you look at these objects the light travels to meet your eye. As it meets your eye, it goes through the pupil of your eye. This is the technology of man, and to see more, you will need more light entering.

If your pupil was as large as the Earth, our Moon would appear to be like your hands in front of you. This means that more light we let in, the more we can see, and the bigger it will appear to be.

This is what astronomers and scientists have dedicated themselves to for years. It makes sense. However, the telescopes of today are not using today’s technology. Yes, many have some new features, but at the back of it all, they pretty much use 2 different systems.

One of the systems is the famous Galileo’s refractor. This works with letting light come through a big lens, and finally through other lenses get focused to meet your eye. What happens here is that you get to see objects far away more magnified. In effect you have increased the pupil of your eye!

Another system that is widely used is Isaac Newton’s system of telescope. This technology used in astronomy telescopes widely available, is that light enters and bounces off a mirror, and comes back up to find another slanted mirror that sends the light through a lens to meet your eye. Again, increasing your pupil in effect, with technology.

There is much more to the technology used in astronomy today. For example, the Hubble Space Telescope and many other astronomical devices. However, one thing that is becoming more common is to utilize a computer which drives the telescope. This has allowed navigation of the night skies to be much more easier than it used to be.…

Build Your Career As the Graphic Designer

Graphic designing is the form of visual communication. It makes impeccable use of words, ideas and images to present the information in a more discreet way. The graphic designer is a person who solves various problems which are associated with visual communication. In the past few years, there has been a growth in the media sector and due to which abundant opportunities are available across various sectors.

Eligibility to become a designer

To find a graphic designer job, a candidate needs to pursue a graphic design course in India. There are various institutions in India which are offering designing courses and the tenure of the course is 3 years. Also, there is a one year diploma course in visual communication. These courses allow budding designers to develop & design technical skills, so that they can build an enticing portfolio of their work. To make your career in this field, one should have a deep interest in designing.

Some of the top colleges which are providing graphic education are-

There is no paucity of good institutions in India from where you can study designing.

Below is the list of some of the top colleges offering courses in India-

1= Industrial Design Centre IIT, Bombay

2= National Institute of Design, Gujarat+

3= Department of Design, Guwahati

4= The National Association of Schools of Art and Design

5= Symbiosis Institute of Design, Pune

6= Frameboxx Animation and Visual Effects, Mumbai

The course may include-

1= Typography

2= Drawing

3= Advanced graphic design

4= Computer-assisted design

5= Digital media

6= Photography

Future of graphic designing

With the spurt in the technological advancement, there has been a complete transition in this sector. It has now become a promising career also. There are different profiles which exist in the graphic designing job, like creative directors, art workers, etc.

Moreover, graphic designers enjoy huge opportunities in various other fields like advertising, electronic media, marketing firms, exhibitions, etc. You can also work with reputable magazines as a layout editor.

Job prospects-

There are aplenty graphic designer jobs exist in the market for those who are interested in this sector. Some of the job profiles exist in the sector are-

1= Creative directors/Art Director

2= Layout artist

3= Brand identity designer

4= Logo Designer

5= Flash Designers

6= Illustrators

7= Multimedia Designer

8= Web Designer

9= Prepress Technician

Graphic designing is the highly creative sector. Your creative skills prove to be an asset for your employer. If you are highly creative, then from a junior designer, you can easily reach to the other high positions, like creative director.

Requisite skills-

If you want to build a career in the designing field, then it is important to possess below skills-

1= Visual problem solving

2= Flexible

3= Able to work under pressure

4= Attention to detail

5= Patience

6= Written Communications

7= Typography

8= Good understanding of different softwares like Photoshop, acrobat, Illustrator, etc.

Due to the high growth in the sectors of television, entertainment, video gaming, etc; this field …

What Kinds of Documents Require Shredding Services?

Today, organizations and individuals who do not shred their sensitive and private documents are putting themselves at great risk. Unfortunately, identity thieves and fraudsters look for sensitive information in such places as a dumpster. They not only use this information to steal a person’s identity, but they also use it to create credit cards and other financial tools in another person’s name in order to steal money. A document shredding service is an effective way to destroy sensitive documents. It is actually an important investment in your company’s personal and financial security.

There are many different types of documents that require shredding services in order to safeguard against theft. If you are planning on implementing a paper shredding program, below you will find the kinds of documents that require shredding services:

Individual/ Personal Documents: passwords, credit card and bank statements, any document with a signature, confidential documents, legal documents, lists of addresses, phone numbers, pre-approved credit offers, charge receipts, credit applications, credit card applications, insurance forms, past bank statements, social security numbers, expired charge cards, expired passports, visas, bills, and utility bill statements. As well, other important documents that should be shredded include: cancelled checks, debit card receipts, loan forms, sales forecasts, and identification cards such as employee, military, and college IDs, telephone bills, and old airline tickets. Basically, any paper item that has personal and financial information that you no longer need should be shredded.

Business Documents: account numbers, customer personal information, customer financial information, invoices, sales lists, sales orders, inventory lists, purchase orders, customer credit history reports, confidential documents, passwords, business policies, company by-laws, certificates, maintenance documents, any document with a signature, social security numbers, budgets, bank statements, account statements, expense statements, estimates rental or lease contracts, loan forms, and competitive documentation.

Employee Documents: health documents, resumes, records, contracts, benefits forms, retirement information, employee personal information, and discharge papers. Basically, any employee document is considered confidential and must be properly protected.

Legal Documents: incorporation documents, licensing agreements, court records for settlements and claims, patent and trademark information, severance agreements, expired contracts, expired service agreements, product and design information, research information, charts and graphs, and insurance information. Basically, any legal document that has been deemed confidential and sensitive should be shredded.

For all businesses, a paper shredding service is a valuable investment because it essential that the business, client, and customer information remains secure not only to protect them from thieves and scammers, but also for liability reasons. Companies can be sued if their data ends up in the wrong hands and damage is done to a particular party that the company was suppose to protect.

The benefits of hiring a professional shredding company to shred your documents are numerous. It is an effective and easy way to get rid of confidential information. You will rest easy knowing that your documents were permanently destroyed and no unauthorized third party ever viewed any of your sensitive data. In today’s data mining world where information is a precious resource, document protection …

Types of Online College Nursing Degrees

There are many types of online college nursing degrees out there. The education of a regular RN is never ending either. Many of the online college nursing degrees are out there to help further and advance their education, and to help serve their patients better in the medical field. Some job positions are even required to have a certain degree in order to have the position. Taking these online college nursing degree courses can be beneficial as well especially to the already working nurses who want to advance in their career. Online they can go at their own pace and work it into their own busy schedules.

Online College Nursing Degrees

Master of Science (MS) in Nursing and Special Education: This program is approved by the American Nurses Association. The course available at Walden University and you get your Master's of Science degree in nursing and teaching so you can teach future nurses.

RN to BS in Nursing (BSN): This course is for continuing education for the already RNs who have already gotten their association of degree and hospital diploma. Taking this course will give them a chance to earn their Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN). This Course is available at Walden University as well and University of Phoenix.

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN): Here your Master's in Nursing can be earned to become a Registered Nurse. Course available at University of Phoenix.

(MSN) RN Track – Informatics: Available at Walden University this is for RN to expand their knowledge on blending technology and science along with nursing to help improve their patient care.

PHD in Nursing- This degree course is for Certified Nurses to help prepare them to take their master's degree.

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) / Master of Health Administration: This is a duel course in which you will earn your MSN as well business skills too to help further their career.

LPN to RN: This is online degree program is where an LPN and get their Masters or Associates in Nursing degree to become an RN.

LPN to BSN: A course for LPN nurses to earn their Bachelor's of Science in nursing which is needed to become a Registered Nurse.

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) / Nurse Family Practitioner- This is a course for a nurse to get their MSN and also learn skills to become a Nurse Family Practitioners. …