History of Strength and Conditioning Science

Early records of strength training date back to 3600 BC when Chinese emperors made their subjects exercise daily (Webster 1976). During the Chou Dynasty subjects were required to pass weight- lifting tests before entering the military. There is a large amount of evidence that indicates weight training was part of life in ancient Greece and India. In fact, the Greeks built numerous sculptures of people lifting stone weights.

Numerous systems of training have been proposed over the years. The accumulation of experience and different philosophies has led us to the current training methods utilized today. Keep in mind; many permissions have varied greatly from the original purpose of strength and conditioning. Hard work and dedication formed the foundation of earlier training methods. Today the opposite has occurred in numerous settings as easy work and quick fixes form the foundation of most people's regimens.

During the 16th century in Europe books on weight training began to surface. Sir Thomas Elyot's book on the topic was published in England in 1531. Joachim Camerius, a lecturer at Leipzig University, wrote several books in 1544 recommending that weight training should be a key activity offered in the model school. John Paugh published a book in 1728 titled A Physiological, Theoretical and Practical Treatise on the Utility of Muscular Exercise for Restoring the Power to the limbs, which pointed out the benefits offered by weight training for rehab purposes. In the 1860's, Archibald Maclaren, devised the first formal system of physical training with dumbbells and barbells for the British Army.

The showmen and strongman entertainers of the 19th Century heavily contributed to methods used today in the fitness and sports conditioning industry. From extensive research iron game historian David Webster credits Italian circus and fairground performer, Felice Napoli as the one who popularized strongman performances on an international scale. Disciples of Napoli include Professor Attila (Louis Durlacher) and Eugen Sandow (Frederick Muller). Attila became well known and he attracted some of the world's most well known physical culturists and many rulers of Europe. His list of students including King George of Greece, King Edward of England, Crown Prince Frederick who became King Haakon of Norway, the six children of King Christian of Denmark, the Queen Mother Alexandra of England, Princess Dagmar (Empress of Russia and mother of Tsar Nicholas), and the Duchess of Cumberland.

At the time training the wealthy was a much respected occupation. We have what we call personal trainers today. The current protocols used by the major of today's trainers are a far cry from the original teachings and benefits provided by trainers. The fame and notoriety of trainers of those days was a result of the public displays of extraordinary physical feats. These events were often attended by royalty and were highly acclaimed for their promotion of physical well-being.

Eugen Sandow, born in Koningsberg in East Russia in 1867, was enrolled for his teachings by presidents and rulers from around the world. Nine kings and queens and many princes of Europe, …

Sales Careers – How to Earn Lots of Money in Sales

You must establish a good sales career in order to earn good money in sales. This article will guide you regarding establishing a good career in sales. Read on to get some tips:

The steps:

• When you are applying for a sales position in a company, do close the sale in both the cover letter that you submit and also in the interview that you will face. The recruiters want to see whether you can close the sale or not. Therefore, you must complete the task of closing the sale. In your cover letter, write that you are seeking an interview. Also mention that you are going to call the company and ask for an appointment with the employer.

• Always remember your transferable skills. You may be a fresher in this profession. But this does not mean that you can not be successful in this profession. You must have acquainted some experiences from activities that are similar to sales. Have you raised funds for any cause? Have you given presentation before an audience? Have you been successful in convincing people with your opinion? These are some of the skills that you require in this profession. While you are facing an interview, mention these. These are the sills that you need in any type of sales career or in any stage of your sales career. Be it in a medical sales career or in any stage of your sales career starting from sales training careers up to sales management career and the top sales career, you require these basic skills.

• A good employer will provide you good training so that you learn the job and also learn the tricks and trade that is required to boost sales. You grow through the learning process. So look out for employers who give good training.

• If you want to establish a successful sales career and earn a lot of money in this profession, you must always establish good networking. Connect with professionals in this field. Networking, if done properly, will take you a long way.

• You must be able to deal with rejection. This is something that you are bound to face. But you can not take it personally. You must move on.

• Select a product that interests you. You will not be able to sell products that embarrass you. Your enthusiasm regarding a product will take you a long way if you want to sell it.

• Your appearance matters a lot. You must be presentable and properly dressed for the occasion. Your employers while recruiting you will take into account how you have appeared for the interview. While you are selling a product to your clients, your appearance matters a lot. Basically, in this profession, the saying, first impression is the last impression, holds a lot of value.

• You must seek help from a mentor. Select a person who has a lot of experience in this field and who can guide you well. …