In English, gerundizing is the process of adding ‘ing’ to the verb. When verbs are gerundized, they function as partly verbs and partly nouns. In other words, by adding ‘ing’ to any verb, the verb changes its function to be a partly noun and partly verb.
Functions of gerunds
1) As subjects of sentences
Gerunds or gerundized verbs when used as subjects of sentences often put at the beginning when focusing on activity as the subject of conversation.
Smoking is dangerous.
Reading EzineArticles is interesting.
Writing articles needs a lot of practice.
Playing tennis is good for your health, and good fun!
Learning a foreign language is not always difficult.
The shooting of the hunter was terrible.
Flying a plane can be dangerous.
The teaching of the doctrine is misleading the people.
Traveling is fun.
The introducing of the new software was clear enough to understand.
2) As an object of a verb
Gerunds here function as objects of verbs. In English there are certain verbs which are gerundized functioning as objects of verbs.
The following are verbs that are commonly followed by the gerund form: like, fancy, dislike, hate, love, abhor, disgust, stop, cease, continue, mind, admit, deny, advise, avoid, consider, delay, cancel, discuss, enjoy, finish, keep, postpone, suggest, recommend, regret, participate, risk, tolerate and go, etc.
I like swimming. My sister fancies cooking. We dislike gossiping. I hate waiting especially for nothing. We love dancing. Anita abhors provoking. We disgust plagiarizing. Why do you stop trying? Indonesia decided to cease firing the Malaysian troops. We continue trying our best. Would you mind opening the door? We admit making mistakes. You deny stealing the money? We advise closing the site asap. Helen avoided meeting Pricila. Don’t ever delay doing things. They have discussed meeting in the next meeting. Do you enjoy surfing? Have you finished doing your project? Keep trying. Don’t postpone writing your thesis. We suggested/ recommended postponing the program. We regret being unable to come. We participated finalizing the proposal.We risk continuing the plant. Don’t tolerate ceating in any game. Harry avoided paying late fees on the account. Denny denied knowing anything about the corruption. I postponed making a decision until Monday. She regrets not studying French in college. Hanna enjoys listening to classical music. Jason admits spending too much money on toys. Let’s go swimming!
3) After certain expressions (can’t help, can’t resist, can’t bear, can’t stand, can’t stop, can’t persist)
Gerunds are used after the expressions such as can’t help, can’t resist, can’t bear, can’t stand, can’t stop, can’t persist,
I can’t stop falling in love with English. Jenny can’t resist eating chocolate mints. His words can’t bear repeating. Terry can’t stand staying in Indonesia because it’s hot. I can’t stop wanting the woman..
4) Phrasal verbs with particle prepositions are Gerundized
Gerunds are used after phrasal verbs (verbs followed by particle prepositions), in other words, gerunds are …