What Makes a Person Intelligent?

In traditional intelligence theories when one is asked the question “What makes a person intelligent?” the most common responses will often note a person’s ability to solve problems, utilize logic, and think critically. These typical traits of intelligence are sometimes grouped together under the heading “raw intelligence”. A person’s intelligence, traditionally speaking, is contained in their intellect. In other words, how we each understand, evaluate or respond to external stimuli, regardless as to whether it is a mathematical problem or anticipation of an opponent’s next move in a game, is our collective intelligence. Our intelligence therefore, is our individual, collective ability to act or react in a continually changing environment.

The principal problem in traditional intelligence theories is that they promote “fractured learning”. Many educational reformers have clearly stated that “taking tests merely shows that a student is skilled at taking tests”. At best, traditional tests focus on only about one tenth of an individual’s intellect. Note that Albert Einstein and Thomas Edison, two of history’s most famous examples of brilliant minds, were terrible at taking traditional tests, therefore terrible at “school” in general. Multiple Intelligences theory then, demonstrates that the ability to take traditional tests is almost entirely in the realm of the Logical – Mathematical

intelligence. This intelligence will be detailed later along with the Interpersonal intelligence, which imparts in some students the ability to second guess a teacher’s structuring of a test. Traditional IQ tests predict school performance with considerable accuracy, but they are only an indifferent predictor of performance in a profession after formal schooling.

In an interesting but controversial study conducted during the 1960’s by Biologist Marion Diamond, of the University of California at Berkeley, two sets of rats were raised in different environments; One set had toys to play with, playmates to romp with and a roomy box that was kept clean and fresh. The second set was put in solitary confinement; all alone in a much smaller cage with no toys to enjoy. After several weeks, Diamond measured the size of each rat’s cerebral cortex, the brain area which is responsible for higher nerve functions. The rats in the sociable, clean and stimulating environment grew brains bigger than the rats with the impoverished surroundings. “Does the enriched environment increase the dimensions of the brain, and does the impoverished environment decrease the dimensions of the brain?”, asked Diamond. “The answer, very clearly, is YES.” Similar results were replicated with cats, monkeys and later with humans. So a stimulating, enriched learning environment is crucial to mental development. If we likewise incorporate the varying student intelligences in our teaching activities, our success as well as our students success, will be markedly improved. That each of us possess all the intelligences, that they can each be developed further, that these multiple intelligences work together in a complex manner, and that there are, in fact, many different ways to be “intelligent” are inclusive in a study by Armstrong. Here briefly, in retrospect, are eight of the major intelligences …

Beginner Guitar Lessons – How to Turn Guitar Playing Into a Career

Guitar playing and music have been very good to me. And when you do it right, it can be very good for you too.

I started out playing guitar for my own enjoyment playing in bands at parties, weddings and dances … little did I know where all this was taking me.

Thirty nine years latter I'm still playing guitar for my own enjoyment (and enjoying it more than ever), playing and recording at some of the best recording studios in the world.

Along the way I'm picked up some clues that made all the difference to my professional guitar playing career.

Fortunately, I discovered a number of concepts about the guitar, music and the music industry early in my guitar playing days, these concepts will help you make massive shortcuts in playing the guitar as a career.

Here they are …

To skyrocket your guitar playing and your career it's essential that you understand there's three levels of guitar playing.

1. The non-professional guitarist
2. Semi-professional guitarist
3. Professional guitarist

Here's a brief overview of each category:

The non-professional may play as well as the professional, it simply means that a player in this category does not accept any money for their performance.

In some ways the non-professional guitarist has a distinct advantage over the professional and semi-professional players. Because they do not play for money they are free to select where, when and for what they will play.

Essentially, non-professional players are free to play whatever that want and this helps keep their music making ventures fun and fresh.

The semi-professional on the other hand does accept payment for their playing however guitar playing would not be their primary source of income.

Often guitarists in this category are involved in weekend gigs ie, weddings, socials and dances.

Semi-professional players usually have bookings they can rely on such as New Year's eve and birthday celebrations usually booked twelve months in advance, however on average 70% or more of their regular monthly income comes from outside of their music performances.

The professional guitarist derives all of their income from offering their musical skills.

As you can see the various labels have absolutely nothing to do with the musical quality of the guitarist the categories simply identify how the performer derives their income.

The neat thing about being aware of the three levels of guitar playing is that you can (a) decide which category you are in now and (b) determine which category you want to be in at a later date.

And oh, by the way, there will be those that try to come up with multiple reasons why this does not work and therefore you should not do it. They are wrong.

Just give them permission to think that way. Your job is to keep practicing and focusing on your career goals by playing more and more guitar.

I invite you to use these tips and tools when you play the guitar. …