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Mergers and Acquisition – A Case Study and Analysis of HP-Compaq Merger

Brief Description

The following is a brief description of the two companies:

HP

It all began in the year 1938 when two electrical engineering graduates from Stanford University called William Hewlett and David Packard started their business in a garage in Palo Alto. In a year’s time, the partnership called Hewlett-Packard was made and by the year 1947, HP was incorporated. The company has been prospering ever since as its profits grew from five and half million dollars in 1951 to about 3 billion dollars in 1981. The pace of growth knew no bounds as HP’s net revenue went up to 42 billion dollars in 1997. Starting with manufacturing audio oscillators, the company made its first computer in the year 1966 and it was by 1972 that it introduced the concept of personal computing by a calculator first which was further advanced into a personal computer in the year 1980. The company is also known for the laser-printer which it introduced in the year 1985.

Compaq

The company is better known as Compaq Computer Corporation. This was company that started itself as a personal computer company in the year 1982. It had the charm of being called the largest manufacturers of personal computing devices worldwide. The company was formed by two senior managers at Texas Instruments. The name of the company had come from-“Compatibility and Quality”. The company introduced its first computer in the year 1983 after at a price of 2995 dollars. In spite of being portable, the problem with the computer was that it seemed to be a suitcase. Nevertheless, there were huge commercial benefits from the computer as it sold more than 53,000 units in the first year with a revenue generation of 111 million dollars.

Reasons for the Merger

A very simple question that arises here is that, if HP was progressing at such a tremendous pace, what was the reason that the company had to merge with Compaq? Carly Fiorina, who became the CEO of HP in the year 1999, had a key role to play in the merger that took place in 2001. She was the first woman to have taken over as CEO of such a big company and the first outsider too. She worked very efficiently as she travelled more than 250,000 miles in the first year as a CEO. Her basic aim was to modernize the culture of operation of HP. She laid great emphasis on the profitable sides of the business. This shows that she was very extravagant in her approach as a CEO. In spite of the growth in the market value of HP’s share from 54.43 to 74.48 dollars, the company was still inefficient. This was because it could not meet the targets due to a failure of both company and industry. HP was forced to cut down on jobs and also be eluded from the privilege of having Price Water House Cooper’s to take care of its audit. So, even the job of Fiorina was under threat. …

A Career In Biotech And Life Science Offers Numerous Opportunities To Indian Students

Biotechnology tops the list of preferred science courses for many students in India, thanks to the lucrative career scope it offers. For those who have had biology as part of their intermediate curriculum, they stand a better chance of pursuing a career in this field.

What is included in the course?

To pursue post graduation in the field of biotechnology a student must hold a graduation degree in a relevant field from a recognized Indian University. The accepted degrees include BDS, B. Pharma, Clinical Microbiology, Microbiology, Bioinformatics, B. Tech in Biotechnology, or a B. Sc. in Biology. A number of institutes offer undergraduate and post graduate courses in biotechnology. These courses run for two years and are divided into four semesters.

A biotechnology course is typically a combination of biology and technology, and the main subjects covered in the curriculum are Bioinformatics, Molecular Biophysics, Immunology, Genetic Engineering, Microbiology, Genetics, Metabolism, and Biostatics, among a host of others. The course also includes relevant laboratory programs.

Opportunities in the Private Sector

Graduates in biotechnology are eligible to apply for jobs in a number of pharmaceutical companies such as Hindustan Antibiotics, Cipla, Hindustan Lever, or Dabur. They are offered roles of production-in-charge, quality control officer, or marketing manager. There are other companies also, not necessarily related to the pharmaceutical business, where these graduates can look for job openings. Godrej has a biotechnology division that can offer suitable openings.

Opportunities in the Government Sector

Though there are openings in the Government Sector for biotechnology graduates, a post-graduation would suit them better and leave them with a stronger chance of finding a suitable job. Several of the Government Research Institutes have openings in the field of Research – National Institute of Oceanography, National Brain Research Centre, and Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology are just some of the top names. Clearing the UGC organized NET exam would give them even better opportunities. NET life science coaching in Chandigarh can help them reach their goal in life.

Various Government Institutes such as the National Institute of Technology in Calicut recruits candidates for the post of lecturer. In order to qualify, you should either have a post-graduation degree or possess an excellent background of Molecular Biology and Genetics. The JAM exam conducted by the Indian Institute of Technology will help you gain admission into a reputed institute for completing your post-graduation, preparations for which you can take at IIT JAM biotech coaching in Chandigarh.

A number of exams are conducted by UGC for recruitment of candidates into a number of government posts. SSC Exams, Combined Defense Services exams, and Civil Services exams such as IPS, IFS, and IAS are other options. You can train for these alongside your NET preparations at a CSIR UGC Life Science coaching in Chandigarh.

Though the remunerations at the early stage of your career will be low, you can witness increments in your earnings if you make the right career choices. Biotechnology is a highly promising field at present and offers long …

The Problem With The Education System

My Issues With The Education System.

Schooling is an important part of any developed nation. Without education, we, as human beings, can never advance. So it’s all well and good that we’ve had an education system in place for some while now. But just how effective actually is it? Are we actually teaching our children & filling them with the thirst for knowledge, or are we just telling them what to think, what to do, and teaching them only how to pass exams?

For a long time now, the education system has had me in a rut. Being a teacher myself, I get first hand experience of the fragility and instability of how we go about teaching our children. I get to truly see the low standards in employing teachers, most of whom see it as an easy, secure job, with good pay & great holiday, as opposed to having even the slightest passion to educate the future of society. Teachers now seem to care more about their unions, and disrupting schools to go on strike demanding more pay, during a time when the entire country & most government paid departments are cash-strapped. And this is exactly the problem stopping us from breaking away from this; the unions have organisations in a choke hold. Reform can’t happen without a retaliation from the unions and huge disruptions to schooling, with nobody willing to take the risk. A huge factor in the education of a child, is the quality of their teachers. If they have great teachers which they respect, they are more likely to do better. The passion & thirst for knowledge will most probably rub off onto the student. Don’t you realise how you only truly remember the greatest teachers when you look back on your school years? Imagine if they were all great!

The teachers, however, only make up a part of the problem. The biggest problem in my eyes, is the system in general. They way it’s taught, what we teach. I saw a great analogy of the education system – one that I’m sure many of you have seen online. A teacher is sat at a desk outside, with a tree in the background. Opposite him are a number of different animals, ranging from a tiger, to a goldfish. The teacher than tells these ‘students’, that in order for it to be a fair test, each animal must climb the tree. Obviously this will be very easy for some, and impossible for others. Unfortunately, this is our education system, and it’s the conventional way it has been for generations. Nothing radical has been implemented, and we now live in an age where the population is much greater, along with it being compulsory that all children receive an education. We also live in a highly technological age – something we should be taking advantage of. Knowledge is available to us instantly, and we are far more enlightened these days. Which is precisely why we can’t go on teaching …

What to Consider to Find the Right College For You

In trying to decide what type of college will best meet your wants and needs there are many things to consider. Listed below are some of the factors you will need to consider in deciding where you want to go to college.

Type of institution- Private or Public. College or University. Church sponsored.

Colleges can be either public or private. Public colleges are those that are supported by the state in which they are located. Many highly ranked colleges in the United States are state-supported institutions. These colleges can often provide an excellent education at a price for an in-state resident that is much less than comparable private colleges. At the early stages of your investigation, I would encourage you to consider both private and public colleges.

While private colleges frequently cost more than comparable state institutions, they often have the financial means to offer generous need-based or scholarship-based financial aid. This aid can make the cost of a private college the same or less than attending your state college.

Many of the more selective private universities and colleges have a religious affiliation. The extent of spiritual influence varies. But at the beginning of your college search, we strongly encourage you to investigate all private colleges, regardless of religious affiliation.

Academics- What courses and majors are you looking for

The most important reason for going to college is to get an education. The type of academic atmosphere and variety of courses studied is an important factor to be considered when choosing a college. Be careful, however, of choosing a college based solely on it having a particular major or field of study. Research shows that 90% of all college graduates do not major in the field of study they originally had intended. This happens for several reasons.

First, most colleges have majors in subjects you have never before studied such as political science or anthropology. Second, as you gain experience and maturity in college, your interests may change. Take time to explore your options and be realistic about your talents. Be sure to pursue a course of study that is of genuine interest to you, not just one you think might lead to a good career.

If you do have a strong interest in a particular area, such as science, it is important to evaluate a college’s facilities and offerings in those areas to make sure they have adequate resources. Remember that many smaller colleges may not offer majors in certain professional fields, such as engineering, business, or physical therapy. If you are certain of a specific field of study, be sure that the colleges and universities you are considering offer that major.

Don’t exclude a smaller college, however, simply because you think the resources may be inadequate. Remember that all of the resources of a college are available to its undergraduate students whereas at a large university, many of the specialized equipment might be reserved for graduate students only. Some of the largest producers of PhD’s in this country …

Ways For College Students to Make Money Online – Becoming an Internet Marketer

As a student, I know how much time we waste during our breaks and supposed study time on the internet-whether is it playing games on Facebook or just chatting to each other about what has been going on. Any possible reason to avoid doing study or college work.

Well, how about instead of wasting your time on one unproductive internet activity you start multitasking. Begin learning about new ways for college students to make money online using internet marketing. It’s a tried and tested method of making money online by 1000’s of people who have quit their jobs to become full time internet marketers.

So what is this new ways for college students to make money online? Well, I’m glad you asked. It is a process called affiliate marketing, which is a form of internet marketing. Great, so what is affiliate marketing?

Affiliate marketing is the process of an affiliate (you) selling a product for the merchant (company) to a customer and making a commission off the sale. It works similar to the structure of a regular salesman commission, only you are doing it online instead of face to face.

College students all over the world are hitting the debt crisis hard with the current economic meltdown and with the unemployment rate increasing. For a college student to try and get a job it is getting harder and harder.

Learning about the new ways for college students to make money online could not only support your student lifestyle, it could also pay for your college fees like I have done with mine. I will be graduating from my university in 2011 debt free thanks to affiliate marketing – one of the best new ways for college students to make money online.

Whenever my friends ask me how I do it I simply tell them I took the risk and gained the rewards of learning new ways for college students to make money online. I then started educating my friends about how it worked and guided them away from the affiliate program scams to the legitimate programs I was using to learn affiliate marketing.

I now have formed an affiliate group with my friends in which we make monthly sales of over $2000+ (been together over a year now) so we have some experience behind us. We don’t expect you to be making that much out of the blocks as that would be an unreasonable expectation.

Affiliate marketing -among the most lucrative of the new ways for college students to make money online-is the way of the future for student jobs, especially in this economic crisis.

The best thing though about these new ways for college students to make money is you get to be your own boss, work around your college and study schedule and work when you want. Don’t feel like working today? Well, you don’t have to. It’s as simple as that. No one to answer to but yourself.…

Advice on Finding The Highest Paying Jobs

When we graduate out of college, the very common problem that we all have is the position hunt. There’s not many individuals who can land jobs in spite of an outstanding resume. With the present global recession, you may still find a whole lot of men and women who are able to rake in a large amount of cash with the function they have done. With that believed in mind, I give you the top highest paying jobs of 2011.

1. Anaesthesiologists

This is a specialty in the discipline of medicine where a trained physician works with the anaesthesia of every single patient in the operating area. An operating place might require one or two anaesthesiologists in the unit depending on the dimension of the hospital. They will have an annual salary of $292,000 USD annually.

2. Surgeons

This type of person specialized physicians who have been trained to do surgical treatment on the system. Such as cosmetic surgeons, general surgeons, orthopaedic surgeons, and many more. They are shut to the top spot through an annual salary of $219,770 USD.

3. Chief Executive Officer

These men and women are on top of the “food chain”. This type of person considered as the large boss in each company plus they are responsible for carrying out huge decisions and policies on a day to day basis. They gather a normal annual salary of $140,880 USD yearly. This varies among companies depending on the annual income its can gather.

4. Dentists

These folks get a whole lot of patients yearly and many companies would even need their workers to have a monthly dental check-up. With the frequency and the quantity of men and women needing dental treatment, these individuals can have once a year salary of $133,000 USD.

5. Attorney/ lawyer

The job of the lawyer is to defend the oppressed folks of society and they are tasked to restore the rights of the ordinary citizen of society. The task of a hero is difficult which is why they desire to be paid well for the operate they’ve got done to restore justice. They’ve got an annual estimated income of $129,000 USD.…

What Are The Top Art Schools?

Rankings are always tricky. Rating the top art schools depends on the criteria of the one or ones doing the judging and possibly whether or not they have some sort of connection or vested interest in placing certain schools where they place them. Cronyism aside and imagining a perfect world of total objectivity, a one-size-fits-all rating system would only work in a world where artists are determined ahead of time in a test tube and everyone is a homogenous clone. But then you have to wonder if art and creative expression would even really exist in such a utopian society.

So, back to the present day reality, a single specific answer to the question, "What are the top art schools?" generally does a disservice to the needs of the individual student. As with stereo components, it depends entirely on priority and application. The top school for music and performing arts will likely not be the top school for commercial and visual arts. Even within a single category, the "best" art school will still depend on the needs and priorities of the student.

There are a number of organizations and publications willing to give it a shot, though, and their conclusions can be easily found on the Internet. However, it is best to consider these ratings simply a starting point, as they can be quite misleading. Remember that higher education is funded primarily by the students who attend said facilities. No students, no school. No school, no over-paid faculty incapable of working in the real world. (Oops. Did I say that out loud?) And that, that certainly does not apply to all art school faculty members.

The first thing you need to determine is what you plan to do with an art education. There are many and varied career choices. The art career or occupation you want will be one of the most important deciding factors in your own personal ranking system.

For instance, if you're already working in the art field of your choice (or close to it) and all you need is a piece of paper, then you can probably get what you need from a local community college or state university. Depending on the state, that may be a less expensive way to get that piece of paper than going to a dedicated art school.

If, on the other hand, you're gunning for a particular possibly prestigious position in a well-known art gallery, it would serve you well to work backwards. Find out what they consider the top art schools and which of those they most often hire graduates from. In other words, which art school degree will get your resume to the top of the stack?

Your choice may also come down to economics. What can you afford; what kind of financial aid is available; and what are you chances of a reasonable pay off?

In the end, you are the judge. You will have to determine what the top art schools are for you and make …

Reach Out to the Best Universities in India

Education is a bare necessity in present times and as with any other phase of our lives, studying has its own significance. First it starts with the primary education and after a certain time period it enters the secondary education; after which higher education peeks in. Whenever parents think of higher education for their adolescents, the top universities in India are often primarily considered. India is considered the ultimate knowledge destination for students opting for higher studies. Most of the colleges featuring in the Indian universities list not only show off beautiful infrastructure but also high quality teaching through experienced and expert faculties. The official language in virtually every Indian College is English which removes hindrances for foreign students who have null knowhow of local languages ​​such as Hindi. India with rich cultural diversity and a stout educational system proffers immense opportunities for students. Majority of the top Universities in India are found in the metropolitan cities and the tier 1 cities of India like Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, Bangalore, Vellore, Hyderabad, Pune and Allahabad among several others.

Among the major universities, the University of Mumbai is renamed for its high class infrastructure and immense facilities it proffers its students. The University of Mumbai which was earlier known as University of Bombay is one of the oldest and best Universities in India. It has been granted with a Five Star Status by the NAAC (National Assessment and Accreditation Council). It has set benchmarks and high standards in impartial quality education.

Yet another university which is worth mentioning is the Anna University. It has over thirty years of experience in the arena of attending superior education. It proffers higher education in Engineering, Technology and allied Sciences pertinent to the existing and probable requirements of the society. This university is an affiliated member of UICEE (UNESCO International Center for Engineering Education). UGC also has accredited this university with a five star status. The University campus, including the classrooms, hostels and playgrounds an area of ​​about thousands acres. With proven capabilities both in academic and research areas, Anna University was able to receive honor for a period of five years for excellence in Technical Education.

Annamalai University is a unitary, teaching and residential university. During the last eighty years the University has grown rapidly and consolidated its position as a unitary and residential University with Forty nine Departments of Study and over 2500 members on its teaching staff. Annamalainagar is already a busy and full-fledged university town east of Chidambaram, the abode of Lord Nataraja, thanks to the popularity of this University.

Almost every state in India has numerous colleges which fulfill the criterion of being a top university. The colleges which feature in the Indian universities ranking also proffer benefits and advantages which can be compared with international standards. This incredible country is proud of its robust educational system and the scope it provides to its citizens as well as foreign citizens to educate themselves to the next higher level. These top universities …

5 Simple Steps to Make a Career Change

With a new school year, many people turn to also look for a new career or work opportunity. Is this the year that you finally decide to break with a dead-end job that's taking you now or a boss who causes your blood pressure to rise? Are you done giving everything that you've got in the tank to a company that does not acknowledge your contribution? Have you thought about moving to a new career, but did not know how to get from here to there?

Your opportunity for change is now. It's here. There's no time like the present.

If you've been thinking about leaving your job for a new career opportunity, now is a great time to look to see what's out there in the market. The economy is generally good, businesses are feeling more confident, and so unemployment is at low levels. We know that everything is cyclical and there will come a time this will not be the case, and so this is a great environment to see if you can improve your work situation.

Do you need a new job or a new career?

The first question to ask yourself is whether you prefer a new job or a career change. Moving into a new industry will come with all sorts of challenges, such as training, a pay cut, or taking a job that's at a lower rank than where you are in your current industry. Moving to a new career is a lot of work, and so it requires careful consideration and thought. If you're not wholly committed to doing everything necessary for a new career, the chances are high that as much as you would like to have been, you'll probably be okay with a new job.

Take an inventory of your skills.

Even if you're looking to move into an entirely different industry, you should review and assess your skills, especially those that are transferable to another career. For instance, ask yourself if you're a communicator or manager? Do you have particular skills in marketing, finance or operations? A reason to carefully assess your skills is that you should be keenly aware of your best skills as you begin to transition and go on job interviews. Also, you may be able to ease into a transition to your ultimate career by exploring job opportunities that will get you a step or two closer to your goal, but not yet be the career and job of your dreams.

What's going to be the effort for a new career?

Once you've decided that a new career is in the cards for you, you have to get started on doing your research. Some people who are chasing their career dreams may end up in a situation where they are evaluating more than one industry. Making a career change is more challenging than a job change, so you're going to have to assess what it will take for you to switch careers. In your research, see …