Requirements for UK University Level Foundation Courses

If you are a student who is not a resident of a European Union country, then there are certain requirements you must know about in order to attend foundation courses at a United Kingdom facility. Here is a general outline of those standards that must be met at most educational institutions offering degree programs to foreign nationals.

Government Requirements

Any international student wishing to attend a school in the UK must obtain the appropriate visa. New this year to the process is a points system instituted by the government.

Tier 4 is the level of points applicable to students. As part of their visa application, prospective students must include the sponsor license number of a properly accredited and licensed university. Be sure you have this number in place before submitting your visa application.

University Requirements

First and foremost you will be required to have a minimum number of General Certificates of Secondary Education (GCSE). Usually these must include courses in English and Mathematics, for any number of degree programs, although there are some equivalency standards which may apply in your specific case. Some universities will also ask for a certificate of your secondary school completion.

Many times there is a minimum age requirement, as well. Most universities accepting international students ask that students are at least 17 years old. This is no doubt due to a certain level of maturity required to attend an institution of higher learning in a foreign land.

For students whose first language is other than English, an optimal score on the International English Language Testing System is a must. Some universities offer their own internal testing system if this requirement has not been met. Support for further study in the English language is usually provided by the university foundation course.

About University Foundation Courses

University foundation courses (UFCs) are designed to give a student unfamiliar with certain concepts and terminology the opportunity to develop a further understanding and the necessary skills to complete the coursework for various degrees. A UFC generally lasts three to four terms and replace the matriculation requirement that students reach A level to register for courses and begin their academic career.

There are certain core modules which will be taught in a UFC. These modules will relate directly to a student's proposed degree coursework. Instruction is usually accomplished through traditional university lectures, tutorials, group studies, and individual coursework. End of course examinations will determine the student's final mark.

Students who complete the foundation program must do so with a minimum acceptable grade and the expectation that English language skills will have been further developed.

For students living outside the EU who wants to attend a university in the UK, taking university foundation courses is an excellent way to fast track to degree coursework. These classes teach more than just the basics; they provide an extended orientation into the country itself and a way for foreign nationals to feel welcomed and accepted before plunging directly into studies. …

Online MBA Degrees – A Guide

If you are looking for a kick-start to your career or planning your future prospects, chances are that you might be considering an MBA degree. Whether you need to improve your learning potential or choose a challenging career that will keep you excited over the years, an MBA is the right choice. But for many, pursuing an MBA degree might not be possible due to lack of time, other commitments or even financial constraints. As a solution to all these problems, an online MBA program is your best bet. An online MBA degree will allow you to study at your own time and pace, work part or full time through the program, earn while you learn and is also reliably cheaper than other traditional MBA courses available. All you need is a computer and an Internet connection and you are ready to begin.

But, you will soon realize that there are several online degree programs available and choosing the correct one for you can be quite a tricky process. There are certain things you must check out before enrolling for an online MBA program and these include:

o Will future employees accept your online degree program? An online MBA will only be accepted if it is earned from a college or institution that is accredited by the required agencies. Only if the school is accredited, will the degree count for anything in the job market. Be careful of fly by night schools that promise you a degree without any effort or at extremely low fees. Always verify the program before signing up for any course.

o What is the student support available by the online school? Contact the admissions office to find out what contact channels are available to online students. Does the college offer only email communication or provide for forums, chat rooms and online tutorials? Are there professional advisors available for online students? Will the financial aid office of the college extend its support to online students as well?

o What are the means of imparting education with regards to a particular online degree program? You need to check how the school will deliver the lessons and whether the course material is available 24/7 to you online. This is especially important if you are planning to work and study simultaneously. If there is a facility to interact with other students and faculty online, getting an online degree will be made easier.

o What is the cost of the online MBA degree? You need to check on regular tuition fees along with possible extra charges such as examination fees, special tutorials, library fees, etc. In this way you can make a budget for your education and look at aid options or cheaper alternatives in case the costs are too prohibitive. If you are working and completing your MBA at the same time, your employer may defray a portion of your fees. The cost of tuition for online MBA programs varies from college to college so shop around before making …

Changing Careers – The Do's and Don'ts

Before you change careers you should have a full understanding of why you want to change career fields. In today's job market, changing careers at the wrong time without proper perspective could have a negative effect on your future. Listed below are the do's and don'ts that will help lead you make the best decision.

Do not change careers unjustly. You should have a significant reason as to why you want to change careers. Be able to differentiate between the issues you have at your current position; whether it's your supervisor, employer, the work, skills, or the career.

Do change to a position where you can transfer your skill set. Attempting to carve a new career path where you will have to learn new skills will not be the best idea if you lack experience.

Do not forget to update your resume. Your new attempt to obtain a new position will not go smoothly with a dated resume that is not catered towards your new career goal.

Do make an effort to research the field you intend to transfer into. You may find that your experience or passion may lead you to an entirely different career that you are more suited for.

Do make the necessary networking connections to establish yourself. Leads on potential employment opportunities and career advice from others will help you make more informed decisions.

Do not shift careers based on your family, peers, or any other outside influences because they will not be carrying out your day to day tasks.

Do not change careers without a plan first. Your job search may take longer than expected so set realistic goals.

Do expect change. Your next position may even come from places you least expect it; including your current employer. Salary differences and relocation can also be major factors that will influence your decisions. Many setbacks may lead to you landing the perfect opportunity. Practice patience!

Following these helpful tips will help you answer the question "Should I change my current career?". Bottom line, think, before leaping! …

Eminem – Short Biography

The story of Eminem is similar to that of his songs, it needs a little censoring. Some may not be appropriate for those viewed as too young, but here I feel it’s important to look at why his music, and consequently Eminem himself, appears so angry. Everywhere you look in his life from his hard child hood with an unstable cruel mother, to his well-publicized and rocky relationship with wife Kim, you see that Eminem raps about what he knows. His life is the subject of his music and he makes no excuses. But a hard upbringing only propelled him into superstardom as you can read in magazines like The Source and XXL. Eminem took his humble beginnings and built a career.

Eminem (Marshall Bruce Mathers) was born on October 17, 1972, in Kansas City, Missouri where he lived for twelve years until he moved to Detroit. He never had much of a chance to make friends moving every other month because his mother continued to get evicted for the lack of pay. Eminem went to school up to the 9th grade where he failed three times before dropping out. He then continued to strive for that record deal to make him famous. While trying to achieve his goal he little Haile Jade Scott was born on December 25, 1995 with long time girlfriend Kim Scott. (Eminem homepage) Eminem continued to rap after the birth of his daughter entering into 97 Rap Olympics in Las Angeles that produced 1,500 to the 1st place winner. Eminem furiously came in 2nd desperately needing the money not knowing that a few producers had seen him from Interscope. Finally he had the opportunity to show what he is made of with Dr. Dre, Dr. Dre was so impressed after hearing Eminem free styling on a Los Angeles radio station that he put out a manhunt for the Michigan rhymer. (Eminem homepage) a famous rap producer that wanted to open the doors for Eminem. The two instantly hit it off, recording four songs in the there first six hours of working – three that made it to his first LP. (Eminem Bio.) Now officially making it, Marshall and Dre set to make his second LP. The album became the Marshall Mathers LP and won 3 Grammies and was the first rap album ever to be nominated ‘Album of the Year’, selling more than 8 million records in the United States alone. (Eminem Bio.) Eminem continues to succeed with the his partners who started his career for him although he continues to face many difficult times between the media, his mother and the long conflicting relationship between him and his girlfriend. After they had broken up they had obviously still talked, either about there relationship of for the sake of their daughter Hailie who means more to Eminem then anyone in the world at this point of his life. I wanted to be a family to Kim and Hailie and raise my daughter the right way …

Career Change At 50 – Start Working From Home

Are you ready to retire, but can’t afford to stop working completely? Why not focus on changing your career instead? There are now many retired and semi-retired people who are earning the majority of their income online. Seniors are among the fastest growing demographic of people who want to work online from home. Whether you are just looking to supplement your retirement income or are looking to earn a full paycheck, there are opportunities available for you to make a career change at 50 and do just that all without getting out of your pajamas.

Writer

Do you enjoy writing? If so, there are lots of online opportunities waiting just for you. The demand for well-written original content increases all of the time so there are all kinds of different writing jobs that you can find. The prices paid for quality content articles by website owners, magazines, etc that I’ve seen range from $50 – $1000 per article and mostly for 1000 words or less.

TextBroker

TextBroker has a wide variety of writing assignments for you to choose from and they will hire writers with no previous experience. Your rate of pay will be determined by the quality of your work. There are always plenty of jobs to choose from and you can work as much or as little as you like.

Blogmutt

Blogmutt hires freelance writers to write original content for their customers. Customers usually consist of blog owners or businesses who need content for their site but don’t have time to produce it themselves. Pay depends on how many posts you sell, and the better your writing is, the more money you can make. Payment is made once a week via PayPal and there is no minimum payout to meet.

Demand Studios

Demand studios hires writers to write articles for their clients on a wide variety of topics. You can pick topics that sound like they will be interesting to you or topics that you already know a lot about. You get paid $7.50 for a 150-200 word article and $15 for a 400-500 word article. Payments are made twice weekly.

If you prefer editing over writing, there are still plenty of online jobs available for you.

EditFast

EditFast hires writers and editors for a variety of jobs, and there are plenty of editing and proof reading jobs available. EditFast pays via PayPal on the last day of the month.

Contena

Contena is not a company that hires you for writing or editing work, but it finds the jobs for you. You can join the Contena site and find jobs for writers, editors, and proof readers of all skill levels. Pay will depend on the client that you are working for and the services that are ordered.

Do you like the idea of jury duty, but don’t really enjoy the idea of sitting in a stuffy courtroom all day? How about becoming a virtual juror? Online jurors provide a way for lawyers to present a mock trial and …

Engineers and Their Career Paths

A True Story

Years ago I was working on a large, complex Java application for a medium-sized software company. In the middle of the project's chaos, one of our engineers shone out like a beacon. She estimated tasks accurately, she always made her deadlines, her design was imaginative and efficient, her code was elegant, and her testing was impossible. If they offered MVP awards for software, she would have won it unanimously. After the project was released, our director rewarded her with a large bonus, a corner office, and a hefty promotion to project manager. Within six weeks she had found a new job and turned in her notice of resignation. When I asked her because she was leaving she told me, "They rewarded me for doing my job well by taking me away from everything I love doing."

Sometimes Sideways is Upward

Engineers do not think of "career paths" in the same way managers do. If you ask an engineer about her career path she will look confused and give you a vague, ambiguous answer. But if you ask her, "What would you like to do at the end of this project?" she will probably have a definite, well-though-out plan of exactly what she needs to do next. She may ask to work on the next "green fields" project, or to work with a group of engineers that she respects, or to work on a project that uses the latest technology. These are the elements of an engineer's career path: getting larger challenges, working with smarter people, and staying current with the next technologies. In comparison with these, titles, bonuses, and perks do not mean that much.

How to Promote a Programmer

So what do you do when an engineer has clearly outgrown her current job and describes a position that gives her more scope to excel? Rule number one is, Do not surprise her. You should be having frequent conversations with her about her plans and goals, and the promotion should come naturally out of your discussions. Rule number two is, Ask her what she wants to do next, and pay attention to her answer. Do not assume that you know what is best for her career, or what challenge she needs next: at most you might give her some coaching to help her think through her next steps. Rule number three is, When she tells you what she needs to do next, find a way to make it happen. You may have to get creative with assignments, and you may have to bend some of the rules, but you need to start a process for putting her into the position she has chosen.

How Tall is Your Technical Ladder?

Most engineering companies now claim to have "dual career ladders," meaning that employees can either either as technical contributors or as managers; and from time to time you really do need to promote engineers, in order to give them the salary they deserve. But what do you do …

How to Become an Orthodontist

Images of picture-perfect smiles complete with straight, even, white teeth are often as a result of the work of an orthodontist. Regular dentist visits to fill cavities, check for healthy gums and professionally clean teeth provide us with great oral care, but, in some cases additional care is necessary. Orthodontists specialize in treating irregularities and abnormalities of the jaw and teeth which may necessitate the use of braces, headgear or specialty pieces to align the teeth and achieve facial balance. Becoming one of these specialized dentists is a process that involves a few critical steps and the passion to provide excellence in oral care and hygiene for patients.

One of the first steps to becoming an orthodontist involves acquiring a 4-year Baccalaureate degree. This four year degree should ideally be in pre-medicine or nursing as the courses that are usually required to obtain said degrees contain a variety of science courses as well as generic requirements that will help boost GPA as well as prepare you for admissions into a dentistry program. Be sure to research your Dental school of choice before determining your Bachelor's degree. Courses in Biology, Physics, Psychology, English and other language courses are recommended to include in your degree program. Depending on the program you are looking to enter after your Bachelor's degree, community service or volunteer hours are also a good thing to include during your academic career as these will set your application apart from others. Taking other supplementary courses to boost your GPA is also recommended during your program.

Once you have completed your Bachelor's degree, you will need to study for and take a Dental Aptitude Test. Similar to the MCAT's for medical students the DAT is an entrance requirement for any Dental school you apply for that measures your skills and knowledge in dentistry. Be sure to research schools before applying as each school will have specific admissions requirements and deadlines to adhere to in order to gain acceptance. Check your local library or university library for a copy of a previous DAT exam to get an idea of ​​what will be on the examination and what to study for. Bookstores often carry tests as well that you can purchase, located in the reference sections. Flashcards may also help you study for this all important test.

The next step in becoming an orthodontist is the successful completion of a 4-year graduate degree in Dental School. Once you have completed this program, you will have obtained a Doctor in Dental Medicine or Dental Surgery allowing you to specialize in multiple post-graduate programs including Orthodontics. (Some schools require a separate Masters Degree in a specialization in order to be considered for a specialty study in Orthodontics.) This final program in Orthodontic Specialties differs from school to school and may contain various research and teaching components as well as surgical residencies to complete the program. After you have completed this final specialty program generally lasting 2-3 years, you will need to apply for design …

Pursuing Human Resources As a Career

Planning a career path suitable to your natural talents need not be a challenge, particularly if excel in personal relationships. If you consider yourself outgoing and able to get along with people, if you enjoy research and organizing any number of tasks to help other jobs run smoothly, you may wish to pursue a career in Human Resources.

What is "Human Resources"?

At first glance, one might think the prime duty of this person position is to collect resumes from job applicants and arrange interviews. While it is true that the HR Department is the first stop for any candidate, an employee's association with such a director does not end once the position is offered.

HR workers are an integral part of any place of business. Just as a high school guidance counselor helps steer students toward scholarship opportunities and career and college information, so the manager in your building is there to assist you with work benefits, insurance enrollment, and training. Human Resources is responsible for oversees 401 (k) programs and work leave policies, relationships between employers and employees – and unions where applicable – and must be knowledgeable of laws and regulations that can affect work flow. A person manager is a teacher, mediator, and morale officer, and one who is strong in these skills can help a company achieve optimal work production.

If you feel you have the personality and talent for managing the needs of large groups of people, this field could be your calling. Even in times of economic doubt, companies require the work of this kinds of managers to look over employment budgets and prepare retirement and severance packages. To be considered for a position in HR, it is strongly recommended to obtain at least a Bachelor's Degree in Human Resources. Advanced degrees are also available in this field, and may attract you in the future if you wish to look into training future HR managers or work with a national corporation.

Jobs in Human Resources

Once you have the requisite schooling, you will find various opportunities within your field for which you are qualified. Thorough research of classifieds and online marketplace sites may yield these and other related vacancies:

  • HR Generalist
  • Employee Relations Specialist
  • Human Resources Director
  • Recruiter
  • Employee Compensation Specialist
  • Staffing Coordinator
  • Manpower Analyst
  • Security Assistant
  • Training and Development Specialists

For a rewarding career suited to an extroverted personality with a knack for strong planning, Human Resources could be the career for you. …

Richard Branson Blown Away by Squamish BC

Richard Branson, world renaissance adventurer, extreme sports enthusiast and entrepreneur, was incredibly impressed with his first visit to Squamish BC, The Outdoor Recreation Capital of Canada. "This place is amazing! I'm definitely coming back some time to do more kite surfing! "Exclaimed Branson after a 40 minute kite surfing ride in strong winds off the Squamish Spit against the backdrop of snow-capped mountains and the monolithic rock climbing playground of the Stawamus Chief.

Of course, this was not only a chance for Richard Branson to get out and have some fun. It was also a media event, with a helicopter circling above and camera crews on shore ,. All this provided great photo opportunities for two Virgin Mobile promotional announcements, including the announcement that Virgin Canada has pledged $ 100,000 to sponsor a team of extreme female athletes. Virgin Canada Chair Andrew Black said the 'Women's Extreme Team' was a good fit and a good opportunity for Virgin, as extreme sports reflected their brand. Female athletes were chosen because much of the extreme sports sponsorship and attention has previously focused on males.

What led Branson and Virgin to choose Squamish BC as the location for this event? It seemed there were a number of factors. First, Western Canada was left out of the Virgin Mobile announcements with Branson when the company launched in March. Second, Branson has recently become a very avid kite surfer. He was eager to promote the sport in Canada, where, according to Branson, the levels of participation are below what they are in other parts of the world, and below what they should be, given it is such a great sport, and one " Can get into it for a relatively low cost ". Voila – a visit to Western Canada's premier kite surfing destination was in order.

Members of the Squamish Windsurfing and Kite Surfing Society rated Branson as "Pretty Good". Given that it is always hard in a new location until a kite surfer gets the feel of the local wind and the waves, Branson put on a great show on his first trip to Squamish. One member noted that it was impressive that he used a 14 foot rig as opposed to a 12 footer, given the strong winds.

What makes the Squamish Spit such an excellent windsurving location? The best summary I found was on the http://www.flexfoil.com site, summed up in an article by Cliff Umpleby, a Flexi team rider:

If you're not familiar with the kite scene in Canada or the infamous Spit at Squamish I'll fill you in …
With the Stawamus Chief, the second largest granite Monolith on earth as a background, the constant thermal winds of Howe Sound lead to epic conditions with summer seeing usually 6 days a week on the water. The basic rule here is, if it's sunny, it's windy. Warm air boarding rising sucks the cool sea air up the valley.

The Squamish Spit is located at very end of Howe Sound on a …

Personal Change Management – It Starts When You Finished Your Career

Only a limited number of careers and the people that finished these will do exactly what is in line with the expectation of the career. For example:
You study medicine, follow a specialization and you finish as a surgeon. You work as a surgeon most of your life. Even if you would switch your practice to another country, your job – being a surgeon – will be much the same.

The same holds true for the accountant, the architect, the programmer, the coach (sports) or the engineer.
But the surgeon could also become the director of a hospital. After years of service this would be a logical next step. Even though the management of health institutions has been professionalized, the possibility still exists.

And, the engineer could become the manager of the engineering department, the programmer could become the manager of the development team or the salesman could become an entrepreneur.
Basically change starts with or after we finish school or university. You have studied to be employed in a certain direction, but after "tasting" the real thing you could very well switch and refocus on new opportunities.

For some it starts even earlier. They do not know what to do later on and they study something "randomly." Law is always a good starting point you can use this background in almost any job.

And then it is all up to you. How well do you know what you want and where you are heading to? That is basically what change is all about.

© 2006 Hans Bool …