How to Pass the TOEFL Exam

Passing the TOEFL exam is a critical step in getting into college, obtaining professional certificates needed for work and even obtaining a job in certain cases. For anyone whose native language is not English, the TOEFL exam is often something they face if they plan to live or study in an English environment. TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language is a standardized test of academic English that is administered worldwide. It is available in an Internet-based form and a paper test.

The TOEFL exam is not an easy test. It is comprized of 4 parts: reading, listening, speaking and writing and takes 4 hours to complete. The test taker must have a very good understanding of the English language including grammar, idioms, listening skills and vocabulary. It is very important to prepare for the TOEFL exam in order to pass it. Below are some tips on how to pass the TOEFL.

1. Know what to expect. Read all you can about the topics tested in the TOEFL and how they are tested. Get sample questions and even full sample tests. This way the format and type of questions you will encounter will not be a surprise to you.

2. Review all your grammar rules and idiomatic expressions that you have learned to date in English.

3. Invest in a TOEFL preparatory book. It is a structured, easy to follow method of reviewing all the information necessary to pass the TOEFL test. Such books typically come with sample tests to help you prepare.

4. Practice for the exam by taking a practice test. Time each section as it would be during the real exam. Use the correction key to correct it afterwards and to identify any mistakes you made. Review the rules for those mistakes and be sure you understand why you made the errors you did.

5. Work with an English tutor or teacher who can help you understand the areas you are having difficulty with. A good teacher will be able to provide explanations that you can understand, as well as memory tricks to help you retain the information.

6. Take additional TOEFL practice exams until you achieve a high passing grade on several. Now you are ready to take the test.

7. Get plenty of sleep the night before the test, so that you arrive in good shape for one of the most important tests a non-native English speaker will ever take.

8. Pace yourself as you take the test. Do not go so fast that you neglect to read instructions and do not owe too much time to any one question.

They say that practice makes perfect. Nowhere is that more true than with a test like TOEFL. The test does a very comprehensive job of analyzing a person's ability to learn and work in their second language. Therefore, it is essential to review, study and learn all the skills needed in order to pass the TOEFL test Acing this test will open numerous …

What Is A Trade Career?

A trade career involves an individual having a set of specialized abilities. The skills may range from construction to HVAC to plumbing. While some of these individuals may hold associates, bachelors, or even masters degrees, the majority have usually attended a trade school, participated in an apprenticeship, and may have earned additional certification beyond the base qualifications. The examples below highlight the most common and well-known trade careers.

Electrician

Those who wish to enter into this field usually attend a vocational technical school, or participate in an apprenticeship program. Those who choose the apprenticeship program are also usually required to take part in a few courses in a classroom setting. The main skills these individuals will learn include testing, assembling, installing, inspecting, maintaining, and diagnosing different electrical systems, wiring, and components. As these individuals will frequently be near high voltage, instruction should also include detailed safety training.

HVAC

This acronym is short for heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC). These individuals typically train at technical or trade schools, or partake in junior or community college course. Apprenticeship programs are also common, and typically take three to five years to complete. While in any program, these individuals should learn how to install, repair, and maintain equipment such as heating pumps, air conditioning, heating units, refrigeration, burners, electric motors, and boilers.

Construction Manager

This career is one that actually values experience over education. However, this fact exists for only earning this title, other than gaining construction manager certification, which is required at most job sites. This certification will prove an individual has experience in advanced construction and design. While in this career, these professionals typically opt to earn further certification in specialized areas, which allows their expertise and marketability to expand. Some may also earn a two to four degree in a relevant area such as construction engineering, building science, construction management, and construction science, among other similar areas.

Plumber

This trade career is probably the most widely recognized and remembered. Those who are interested in this career typically participate in an apprenticeship program, which will take approximately four to five years to complete. However, individuals may also enroll in technical or community colleges, which offer relevant programs or smaller courses in particular skills, such as taking apart a kitchen sink. In order to begin an apprenticeship, individuals must have first earned at least a high school diploma. A high score on the ACT in the math section may also improve acceptance into these programs.…

Federal and Private Grants For Online Education

Online education is fast becoming the choice of most working adults and stay-at-home moms who want to pursue higher education. Getting a web-based education is a practical choice, as it gives the students flexibility to do their other obligations and study at the same time. Over 4 million students now benefit from online education and this number will increase annually as students find it more convenient to study online.

Although these programs provide more benefits in terms of time and flexibility, most of them are just as expensive as traditional education programs. However, there are federal grants that are available for students who wish to study online yet do not have enough financial means to do so.

Just like most federal study grants, online school grants are awarded based on financial need. If you plan to avail of these grants, the first thing to do is to fill up a Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) which you can access online from the federal student aid website. After completing the FAFSA, you have to submit this to the Department of Education which will evaluate your need status and will inform you which grant you are eligible for.

With this form, you have to demonstrate that you or your family has a low Expected Family Contribution (EFC) and you cannot adequately support your college education. Applicants with the least EFC are given priority for most federal study grants.

One of the most common grant programs is the Federal Pell Grant which extends financial aid to undergraduate students who may be enrolled in traditional or online education programs. There are also grants tailored for a specific field, such as the TEACH Grant which is designed for teachers who are willing to teach high need and remote areas and the SMART Grant which is for students in science, math or computer science. There are also some companies that provide grants to students who may form part of the workforce of these companies after graduation.

If you plan to use on grant awards to finance your online education, make sure that the online program you will choose is fully accredited by the Department of Education. If you are not eligible for a federal study grant, try contacting professional organizations which may have scholarships or grants based on academic performance.

Since these grants are highly competitive, try to find out about them and submit your application as early as possible. Consult your school guidance counselor on how to better access information regarding federal and private study grants which you may use to finance your online education.…

How To Get Better Grades In College

Ever wondered what on earth can you do to finally pull off a good grade in college? Well that is what the article will be addressing by giving these tips on how to study for a college test.

1. In class, record almost everything, do not wait on what you think is important. The teacher may view something as important which you did not, which puts you at a disadvantage.

2. Attempt tutorials and try to attend as many as possible.

3. The repetition of information and the practice will help your memory and your ability to get closer to that A. Practice your tutorials and past papers before an exam.

4. Exam questions are often similar and are sometimes even recycled. Importantly, you should try to practice answering questions without looking at the notes after you have studied a topic.

5. Review the material as soon as you can and review often. Place an emphasis on understanding and thinking about the material rather than mere recitation

6. Try to pinpoint areas which are stressed during lectures. These are areas which your lecturer views as important and you will more than likely be tested on these areas.

7. Keep handouts organized in a folder so it will waste less time trying to find class material Take a front seat as you will be more focused, less likely to fall sleep and less likely to find people who talk a lot at these positions.

8. Develop your own abbreviations when taking notes. This enables you to save some time and so you can keep up with the lecturer. Be careful, however, not to overdo this.

9. Visualize the material and write down what you need to remember This aids memory as more senses are involved

10. Keep a positive attitude. Visualize getting an excellent grade on your paper. You can make a poster with inspirational quotes, read inspirational stories or you can even listen to positive songs to lift your mood when you feel low. Do whatever you have to do to believe that you will do well on your exam

11. Read information about study skills. Try buying one or borrowing a book from your library or friends.

12. Concentrate during class.Doodling and talking with friends will cause you to lose valuable information and explanations.

13. Time is then wasted by trying to figure concepts which were missed, by reading textbook repeatedly.

14. When you write notes, ensure they are legitimate. Its easier to read and less time is spent trying to figure what it could be.

15. If there is anything you do not understand go to your lecturer for some help

16. Forming study groups can be very useful. Someone else may understand a topic much better than you do and be able to help you understand it, and of course, vice versa. You should be cautious, however, to invite people who are serious about their work and will not waste your time by idling a lot.

17. …

Support During Career Transition: Keeping Upbeat and Focused

Do you sometimes find that as soon as you take that leap and decide to make a positive career change, you’re met with criticism and resistance from those around you? They tell you why it’s a bad idea and try to persuade you not to follow your dream.

Luckily, it only seems that way. One of the biggest challenges that many people in career transition face is trying to convince their families, friends, coworkers and the people who know them best, that change is a good thing. At a time when everything is in flux, it’s tough for us to reassure people we are headed on the path to success despite any obstacles which may surface along the way. We may even be uncertain ourselves! And because we frequently experience the most resistance to our ideas from the people who mean the most to us, it can FEEL like our core support system is caving in. But don’t worry, I assure you it’s not!

As a certified career coach who has helped many people overcome obstacles and who has paved the way for my own career, I make sure my clients know where to find the best type of career support, at the time when they need it most. Here are five sources where you can seek out guidance, education–even commiseration!–during your career transition period.

1. Career networking – both online and in person.

There are tons of career-focused networks and resources on the internet and in your local area. To locate them online, do a Google search. Check out your home town paper to find out where the best career focused communities are hiding. Go out and mingle with like-minded professionals who are seeking a change in their own careers or who are currently in the career you want to pursue. Participate in workshops, contact your college alumni office or attend a networking event. The information is there for the taking, all you have to do is seek and you shall find.

2. Individual career coaching.

On my site I offer what is known as Co-Active Coaching – a style of coaching that empowers the career seeker to find the right answers on their own and navigate their career course in a way that feels right for them alone. A good coach will never just hand you instructions, but is there instead to offer expert advice, an objective viewpoint, positive encouragement and suggestions to help manage your goals effectively, in a manner that works for you.

3. A career seeking buddy.

Sometimes it isn’t easy being that “horse of a different color” in your group of friends. If everyone you know is consumed with their corporate job but you have a strong urge to strike out on your own, you may get some resistance from those who can’t relate or are fearful you might be making a mistake. The solution is not to try to persuade the naysayers, but instead seek like-minded people or a supportive friend to commiserate …

Online Degrees – How to Get a College Degree Online!

An online degree is a college degree that is earned by taking courses online. Online degrees are offered by online colleges or schools or programs or by regular brick and mortar schools – on-campus schools, colleges or universities. In some cases you can go for free.

Depending on how much education you already have you can earn an online degree is less than two years. Depending on how much you sign up for and study for and complete of course, will determine how long it will take. There are many colleges and universities that have associate degree programs too that offer accelerated programs. And then some programs will take the same amount of time as the traditional on-campus college degree.

Students who choose to learn online will need to be more disciplined. You’ll have to motivate yourself to check in, complete your courses, take tests and attend online lectures without a traditional on-campus schedule to follow. Your amount of course-load would be the same as on-campus including assignments, any prerequisites and test requirements. Degree requirements would remain the same also.

If you’re wondering if online degrees are credible, they certainly are. They are becoming much more popular and many famous colleges and universities offer online degree programs now. Employers look at them just as favorably too. Just make sure your online college choice is accredited. There are fake accreditation schools but you can easily sniff these out. The U.S. Department of Education is responsible for accreditation so you can check with them.

There are more than four million people taking online courses and programs and each year more people are signing up.

All degree types can be achieved online – associate degree, bachelor’s degree, master’s degree, doctoral degree, graduate programs and many types of certifications and other diplomas.

Areas of study include business, accounting, business management, marketing, criminal justice, law enforcement, homeland security, education including elementary and secondary education, engineering, graphic design including website development, healthcare including nursing and healthcare administration, human services, psychology, legal and paralegal, liberal arts and technology including computer programming and network technology.

Financial aid is available through the financial aid department of the on-campus or online colleges or universities. Generally you’ll find it easy to get federal loans or actually receive grants or scholarship money for your education. There is money set aside specifically for online degrees. Additionally there are other types of education loans. One should try to get scholarships and grants so you can get part or all of your online courses free.…

Learn How to Make Money Taking Photographs

Thanks to the internet and digital cameras there's a huge market now for selling all kinds of photos featuring themes, styles, topics, etc.

There is money to be made from taking and selling photographs. Taking pictures is easy, fun and you can work at your own pace. You do not have to be a professional photographer or have a college degree. All you need to get started is a digital camera, computer and a photo-editing program (Adobe Photo Shop, etc). You do not have to be a professional photographer or have a college degree.

The market for photographs is huge. Estimates show magazines and newspapers buy over 50 million photos a year,

There are many different ways you can make money with your digital camera. You can make money taking and selling photographs for people's personal use, decor, family reunions, birthdays, anniversaries, memories, portraits, weddings and pets.

Clearly to be a success in making money taking photographs includes tips on finding the best revenue sources for your type of work. Depending on what method you choose to market your photographs with you will either be selling them per download via sites such as Stock and Prints, Crestock, iStockphoto, Dreamstime etc. or local Business People, Travel Agents, Realtors, Car Lots or even directly to clients on a contract basis. Photographers are needed in many fields. For instance many people use car web sites and they sell their products as a result of photography. People celebrate special occasions more with photography, than they did years ago. The travel and advertising markets have a great need for landscape, travel and nature shots. The key to finding your clients is simple: find out where they buy their current photographs and make yourself visible there!

These are some of the photograph markets that will pay you for taking pictures:

Marketers
Writers
Magazine Editors
Weddings
Scrap Bookers
Business People
Peoples Pets
Travel Agents
Realtors
Web Designers

There are many other markets that you can check out that you can sell photographs to.

Learning how to make money with your camera via the internet can be reliably easy. All you need is to get enough determination to give this endeavor everything. You must also have the initiative. This will ensure that you make the first move to making the business a success.

Almost anyone with the right camera equipment, and the necessary skills can set up a home business, marketing photography. You only need to convert a room of your house into an office, and then you can work immediately. Because you have modern technology in the form of digital cameras, you do not even need the room for a dark room.

The technical skills needed to make a successful photographer have never been easier. The market for photographs of almost every type has widened, the world looks to have an insatiable appetite for photographs. . For instance many people use car web sites, they simply did not exist ten years ago, and they sell their products …

Do Schools Kill Creativity?

This article is based on a Ted Talk by Ken Robinson that proposals that schools kill creativity.

Robinson tells the story of Gillian Lynne, who was having a terrible time in school. She could not get her homework done and she was a disruption to her class. Lynne's mother was asked to bring her to an equivalent of a guidance counselor. As her mother and the guidance counselor spoke about all the challenges that she was having in school, Lynne literally sat on her hands.

After the session the guidance counselor and Lynne's mother left the room. However, the counselor had the idea to turn on the radio. As soon as they walked out of the room, Lynne began to get up a dance.

The counselor suggested that Lynne be put in a dance school.

Kids who start school today will be leaving the work force at least 60 years from now. However, the vast majority are being educated from a paradigm that does not even work today.

It used to be that any kids who would get a college degree could get a job. Now, only the best of the best are getting jobs.

Further, the cost of education used to be so much less expensive. However, with rising costs of education and less money available to those who graduate, the education system is not supporting killing of creativity, but it is also not successful in achieving its purpose for the masses.

The great news is that the connections that are being brought about by the Internet allow any passion and interest to become a potentially lucrative business because the Internet allows us to connect to the whole world, where in the past we could only connect with a fraction of the number of people.

Now, would I go as far as saying that Math and Literacy should not be the core components of an education system and the arts and student's passions should replace those subjects?

The short answer is that I really do not know. This is due due to my being trained in the current education system, which as Robinson points out, celebrates correct answers and shun answers that are not correct.

If we want to create children that are walking around being afraid to be wrong or feeling out of place in their own minds and their own bodies, then we can continue to head down the path that we are heading.

However, if we are willing to take a little bit of a risk, we can create a future of creative children and extraordinary results.

Gillian Lynne thrived in dance school and went up to become one of the most successful choreographers in the country.

What future will you create for our kids? …

Older College Students And The Need For Time Management

The student population in college includes a large number of older students along with the youngsters. Some of the reasons why these students are attending college later in life than others may be due to various reasons such as being in the armed forces, or their priority to raise a family first etc.

Even though it looks like they would be adept at managing their time, with their amount of experience, it is interesting to note that it is often not so. Most of the time, these students stress over the same things as the youngger ones, such as grades, course overload, jealousy and break ups. Here, they have similar student experiences, even thought they may be much older.

In fact, they end up multi-tasking twice as much as their peers since they have many more duties to fulfill.

Besides these, they also experience stressful factors that are unique to them such as handling school and family responsibilities, managing their career along with studies and also the worry about fitting into the academic scenario after a long hiatus.

Thus, charting out a proper time management plan is more important to an older student when compared to there regular young college student.

On the other hand, it is the older students who are most likely to benefit from a time management plan as they tend to stick to them, they are focused and mature about the way they handle things, unlike the younger students who party going days have not yet ended.

Balancing Career and school

Most of the older students are better equipped to manage their time between career and school, as they are more responsible and aware of the probable consequences of not doing so. There are still chances of them straying away from their responsibilities if they get too carried away with the prospect of living college life again. While some people have found that time management helps in making them better students and keeps them grounded, while some have become too overwhelmed with excitement to complete their duty.

Managing a Family with school

Many older college students have family responsibilities in addition to their job. A number of students face problems with deciding on how to use after-work time, since they have so much to do. They often end up in a dilemma wherever to work on the term paper, study for an exam or spend time with their kids and spouses or so on. They may also have to worry about either their laws or extended families would be accommodating about their schoolwork.

It takes a very understanding spouse to provide psychological support for a student who has family and work responsibilities. A spouse who is willing to take on more than his or her share of the household chores and spend those extra few minutes with the kids that the student-parent can not and provide a shoulder to lean on, can go a long way in helping the student tackle the stressful situations they face. …

Passing on Knowledge to Further Others

There are many schools in the UK that have top class teachers but unfortunately this does not apply to all schools as there are plenty that have sub-standard teaching levels. Ensuring the right teachers are passing on their knowledge to students is very important and as the national school leaving age is set to be raised to 18, more and more students are going to need a variety of techniques to make sure that their classes are different and innovative.

Teachers, like the rest of us, tend to get ill and whereas in many jobs the other employees can pick up any slack, it can be hard for teachers to step in so easily especially as they probably teach a different subject. At primary school level this may be easier as you are only teaching basic information but once you get to college level and the work that you are teaching is more advanced, then it is hard for teachers who are not specialists at a certain subject to offer the right teaching methods to their students.

For this reason there are a number of supply teachers that are on hand when they are needed to step in and take a class. This may just be for a day or 2 or if the permanent teacher is due to be off for longer such as maternity leave then there will be a requirement for the teacher to stay on longer. The education sector also varies in the turnover of teachers as some schools may have a higher turnover of teachers than another school.

There are a number of online services that provide schools with the information and details they require when selecting the right teacher for a certain role. Each role will have different requirements so if you are just hiring a teacher then they will need to have certain requirements for teaching that subject but if you are hiring for a head of department then this person will need to be able to manage others, balance department spending as well as all the other requirements that you expect from a teacher.

Each school has its own guidelines that they need to stick to when hiring a teacher and they can use online services to ensure these guidelines are met and that you get the teacher you are looking for to provide the level of teaching that everyone expects of your school.…