Letters of Reference Defined

As I point out on the main page of my recommendation and reference resource Website, there is a great deal of general confusion about the differences and similarities between letters of reference and letters of recommendation. For instance; which is which, and why? How are they different? In what ways are they similar?

It's confusing enough for the average person who only has to write one of these letters every once in a while. However, when you look into it in-depth as I have, and realize that many of the so-called "experts" do not even know the differences between a reference letter and a recommendation letter, the general state of confusion is very understandable .

Based on further research into the subject, I define a "letter of reference" as one that is normally more general in nature than a letter of recommendation and IS NOT addressed to a specific requestor. Typically, "letters of reference" are addressed as; "To Whom It May Concern" or "Dear Sir / Madam".

The most common letters of reference are:

o Employment-related – general reference letter

o College-related – general reference letter

o Character reference letter – general-purpose personal reference

o General reference letter – various subjects

EMPLOYMENT-RELATED Reference Letter

These are more general letters that are often requested by employees when they leave the employ of an organization. Usually factual in nature, they are usually addressed, "To Whom It May Concern" and provide basic information such as: work history, dates of employment, positions held, educational credentials, etc.

These reference letters sometimes contain a general statement (as long as a positive one can be made), about the employee's work record with the company that they are leaving. Employees often submit these letters with job applications in the hope that the letter will reflect favorably on their chances for the new position.

COLLEGE-RELATED Reference Letter

These letters are very similar to college-related letters of recommendation, EXCEPT that they are not addressed to a specific individual or requestor. In the college and university context they are typically addressed to officials such as: Director, Admissions or Chairman, Scholarship Selection Committee, etc.

These college-related letters can be as specific as a recommendation letter when it comes to describing the subject / person about which the letter is written, but they are more general / generic in terms of targeted addressees. That's because at the time they are written it is often not clear exactly to which businesses or institutions they will be sent. For example, a person plans to apply to a number of colleges but when the letter is written, the specific colleges are unknown.

CHARACTER-RELATED Reference Letter

Character reference letters are always written about a specific person by someone who knows them fairly well, and usually focus on a person's general personality characteristics. They are often used in business and community service situations. Typically, a person will ask for a general character reference letter when they are leaving a company or service organization.

The focus of character reference …

Adults Returning to Education: A Guide

Adult education gives high quality education for adults to improve their standard in the society, and it can be continued at any stage of their life. It helps people graduate with the help of nation’s various adult education centers and programs. It ensures people to compete in a better way in this competitive society.

There are lots of reasons for adults to return to education after some time. Adult education can help people who wish to continue their education, people who look for a career change, or people who just wish to enhance their knowledge. Adults returning to education programs offer you plenty of choices and features to study. Many new programs and various educational departments guide you with providing high quality education in an interactive manner. It offers basic knowledge regarding computer literacy, numerical ability, and correctional education. Moreover, it allows people in developing different employment opportunities. This can be done by returning to education with various adult education programs which are available in different states.

Many educational providers invite adults to return to education after a formal break. Educational centers like Adults Who Are Returning to Education (AWARE), Center for Adults Returning to Education (CARE) are few amongst the adult education continuing centers that are doing a fine job. Adults who return to education would have had different backgrounds that led to their interruption from continuing education. Instructors in these educational centers are well trained to improve their education level according to their ability. Careful adjustments are given for older students during the learning process. There are various adult education centers and programs in which adults can continue their interrupted education.

There are many foundations throughout the nation that help adults return to education with some major features. They offer many scholarships for the adults who return to education. Adult student technical college scholarships, minority/female technical scholarships, and UW-Marinette scholarships are few of the scholarships for adults who return to education in few of the states. One can continue his/her interrupted education at any stage through these educational centers for adults and many other foundations.…

Coach Was Color-Blind, He Only Wanted to Know If You Could Play Basketball

Glory Road – 2 Stars (Average)

Basketball Coach Don Haskins does not have to wait for his legend to happen. He is a member of the Texas Sports Hall of Fame and the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.

Few today would remember Don Haskins. He was the coach at Texas Western in 1966 when his 27-1 team played Adolph Rupp’s 27-1 University of Kentucky Wildcats for the NCAA title.

Nothing too unusual about that, except that Haskins would become the first coach in NCAA history to start an all-African American lineup when the Miners squared off against Rupp’s all-white Kentucky team that featured two players who would become well-known in the NBA pro league: Pat Riley and Louie Dampier.

Remember these names: Bobby Joe Hill, David Lattin, Orsten Artis, Willie Worsley and Harry Flournoy during February, Black History Month. They were the starting lineup for Texas Western when the Miners won the NCAA championship against an all-white Kentucky team, 72-65.

I would graduate from Michigan State University two months after Texas Western won the title, and would not be aware of just how historic this event was. My high school and college cross-country and track teams were integrated. Kentucky would not even offer African Americans basketball scholarships, and there were many other colleges and universities which excluded African American players in 1966.

There was a lot of hatred in the South at that time. Heck, there was a lot hatred everywhere, but not in Don Haskins’ will to win for Texas Western, known today as UTEP, the University of Texas at El Paso. Haskins was color-blind and simply put the best players on the floor to compete.

Haskins recruited the best players, nothing else mattered. Not even the lousy treatment and death threats both Haskins and his players received from die-hard, ignorant, bigoted Texas Western boosters and donors. They sing a different tune in Texas today, especially at the University of Texas.

Glory Road in 2006 retold the story of Don Haskins and Texas Western. Josh Lucas played the role of Don Haskins, Derek Luke played Bobby Joe Hill and John Voight played Adolph Rupp. It is not one of the best movies ever made, but the story of Texas Western is on par with other great victories in sports history, including the 1980 U. S. Hockey team winning the Gold Medal in the Olympics. Contrary to the movie version, the title game was not as big an upset as was depicted. Texas Western had an excellent team, as evidenced by its No. 3 ranking the final polls that year. Haskins was not the first coach to play African Americans, Texas Western had African American players on its roster before Haskins arrived.

Haskins was the first to start an all-African American lineup in the NCAA title game, and it is also true that Texas Western was the first college in a Southern state to integrate its athletic teams. Good for Texas Western.

Glory Road had a good message of …

USC Pharmacy School Application Requirements and Tips From an Accepted Student

I will begin with the statistics of the accepted students into the University of Southern California Doctor of Pharmacy program for 2009. 460 students were offered interviews from a pool of over 2000 applicants. 240 students are accepted (11 students from out-of-state schools), and the expected class size for 2009 is 190. One must note that USC offers their undergraduates the opportunity of guaranteed admission as long as they complete their requirements in the TAP program (these students take up a large chunk of seats available for other applicants).

Obtaining a Bachelor’s degree is now a requirement for admission at USC. The minimum GPA requirement is a 3.0 (the average GPA of accepted students is a 3.60). Since USC does not require taking the PCAT, other admission criteria is weighed more heavily (GPA, interview performance, extracurricular activities, personal statements, etc.).

For the application process, it is very important for you to note that the University of Southern California sends out interview invitations on a rolling basis, so it is important that you turn in your PharmCAS application and supplemental application as soon as possible. The deadlines for both are early November, but I highly recommend that you turn both in no latter than early August (I turned in my applications by mid-July, just 1.5 months after the application was made available).

At your interview, you will be asked questions by a current pharmacy school student as well as a faculty member. Think of it more of a conversation where you also ask questions back to both of them. When you first arrive at the interview session, you will be greeted by several current pharmacy students, who do a great job of calming you down prior to your interview. Take this opportunity to ask questions and warm up your oral communication skills. Do not worry to much about the “essay” portion as it is just a test of how well you take notes off of a random article that you read. BE SURE to follow all directions provided to you as it is also a test on how well you pay attention to details.

Here are the pre-requisites for USC’s pharmacy program:

Calculus (for science majors)

Statistics (non-business)

Physics w/lab (science/life science majors- thermodynamics & Electromagnetism recommended)

General Biology w/lab (excludes human anatomy & physiology, botany, and microbiology)

Mammalian Physiology w/lab (human preferred-excludes plant, cell and marine physiology)

Microbiology w/lab (fundamentals of microbiology for science majors)

Molecular or Cell Biology(for science majors-one upper division course)

General Chemistry w/lab (for science majors-include inorganic & qualitative analysis)

Organic Chemistry w/lab (for science majors)

Biochemistry (for science majors one upper division course)

Human Behavior (General Psychology or Introductory Sociology)

Microeconomics

For Internationals (holders of foreign US bachelor’s equivalent):

English (expository writing)

Interpersonal Communications or Public Speaking

For specific course equivalencies from your college, please check the forms available from USC’s website.

The Pharm.D. program at USC is a 4 year program. USC is a private school, and our estimated tuition and cost of living …

Life After Pharmaceutical Sales – Discover Your Calling

Thousands of ambitious young business men and women withstand dozens of interviews and numerous rejections before finally, victoriously landing a highly coveted career in pharmaceutical sales. Those same ambitious men and women frequently become burned out and lose that spark that landed them that position in the first place within a few short years.

Is it the lure of having a financially rewarding career? Being able to support your family? The thrill of beating out so many other candidates to land the position? There are many reasons to believe it’s a great job to have. Sadly, there are few professionals who are still as passionate and enthusiastic about their pharmaceutical sales career who have been at it for five or more years.

The pharmaceutical industry is volatile at best. Class action lawsuits have been brought against major pharmaceutical companies for promoting drugs that have caused serious adverse effects. Drug companies have been forced to lay off significant portions of their sales force at different times due to changing forces in the industry. That safe and secure future you wanted to preserve for your family could be gone in the blink of an eye.

True, the money that can be made in pharmaceutical sales is tempting. While it’s a feasible option for someone desiring a flexible schedule, the day-to-day activities of a pharmaceutical sales rep can be less than stimulating and less than glamorous. Many days are spent sitting in physician waiting rooms for hours, waiting for a doctor’s signature. Rarely do you get the opportunity to spend any quality time talking with a physician about your products, and you could be subject to less than kind treatment by the staff in a physician’s office. Is that what you worked so hard in college for?

For these reasons and others, many pharmaceutical sales representatives find themselves frustrated and discouraged after a few years in the industry. Either they feel as though their talents are being wasted, or they desire more personally fulfilling work. Others have survived several rounds of layoffs but fear that next time, they’ll be on the chopping block.

So what are your options? You’ve spent several years in this career and you worry about finding a comparable position in another industry. You need to support your family, but you want to feel passionate about what you do.

Think about what made you happy before you entered pharmaceutical sales. What did you go to college for? Did you ever really give that career a shot? Even if traditional careers for your background don’t pay well, you could consider starting a business related to that area.

Consider what you enjoy doing in your spare time. There might be ways those activities could be translated to a new career path. Maybe you have a new found interest that would require furthering your education. Consider options you might have for fulfilling that dream.

Maybe you really want to stay in the industry. Think about the reasons that made it so exciting for …

How to Accelerate Your Degree Earning Plan

Mission impossible – this might be your thinking when you think of going back to school to earn a degree in the middle of your busy working life. But, the available of online degree has converted it to a mission possible that allow you to earn a degree or an additional degree while maintaining your current lifestyle. Not only that, online degree can help you accelerate you degree earn plan and provide you a fast track to reach your career goal. Let review some of the methods to accelerate your degree earning plan.

Online Degree Reduces 50% of Learning Cycle

The standard bachelor degrees offered by traditional class-based colleges may require 4 years of degree completion. You can complete the same degree within 2 years with an online degree program with spending less cost. It can help you to save significant time and money toward earning a degree.

Most of online degree programs are self-pace learning, which means you can plan and arrange your own learning schedule that fit into your time slot. In other word, you control how fast you want to complete your degree program; this also means that you can accelerate your degree earning plan by a proper time management to fit the most of courses at the same time so that you can earn a degree in the shorter time possible.

Skip Core Course with College Credit Examination

Did you know that you can “skip” many core courses by attending the college credit examinations? If you have passed the examinations, you can waive many core courses and receive the require credit for your degree earning. The college credit examinations available in more that 150 subject areas and are similar to final examinations given by colleges and universities. You can earn 1/3 or more of credits required for a degree through these college credit examinations, it helps to shorten you degree earning process significantly. Although the examinations are not free as it involves a minor fee for the exams, but compare the tuition fee required for the courses in a degree program, you still save a lot of money.

Credit Transfer to Waive Courses

Many online universities and colleges allow you to transfer your credit from previous degree to waive or skip some courses required in an online degree programs. You should check with the school admission officer to confirm what are the credits that you are allowed to transfer and what are the courses can be waived with these credits transfer. It will help to reduce the number of courses need to be taken and help you to save some money for the courses’ tuition fee as well. Don’t just accept it when the school tells you that you can’t transfer your credits; try to look to other universities or colleges for the same degree program. There may be other schools that can accept your credit transfer.

Summary

You can reduce your degree earning process significantly and accelerating your degree earning plan through online degree program …

Alan Simpson’s "The Marks of An Educated Man" – A Review

In his essay, “The Marks of An Educated Man,” Alan Simpson writes that the training of the mind will help an individual achieve higher knowledge skills. The best results of liberal education cannot be achieved until the mind is trained to think clearly. Without proper brain-training a true liberal education cannot take place.

Since everyone’s brain does not function the same, the same amount of knowledge may not be present in two different individuals. Simpson talks of utilizing everyone’s capacity to think and examine life firmly, therefore making a true liberal education possible, which in turn allows for progress and reform in our educational system.

One of the main thoughts that Alan Simpson presents is the idea of not being afraid to make changes, especially if they will lead to progress in our traditional systems. Simpson goes on to state that a characteristic skill of an educated man is his ability to recognize phony doctrines. A certain amount of skepticism is needed to combat the fact-filled scam artists and fools that populate the earth today.

Without a proper education, we make ourselves more gullible to false teachings. The educated man has tried to develop a critical faculty for general use, and likes to think himself an excellent judge of phoniness. Having doubt allows a person to expand his or her insights on a subject. A person who seeks after a good education will usually ask questions and make sure he or she is given a good answer before being taken in by something false.

The fools, scam artists, and frauds in this wold can mislead others by presenting false messages. The majority who practice this are nothing more than blatant liars, but feel they have a sanctity about them that puts them above everyone else. These so called “authorities” are nothing more than fact finders and very often end up getting caught in their own traps.

Without a liberal education they cannot combine knowledge, skills, an standards. They are for the most part affected by the environment and the media. Lacking a liberal education makes them very open to scams and they are definitely not analyzing, praying, or thinking over situations as they should. These are the victims of prideful scam artists.

Having good liberal education skills can be a preventive device against highly educated scam artists. Shams are a reality to us even in higher education brackets. They surround us everywhere. From the professor to the scientist, both have been known to use invalid and shameful speech. Although persons at the university level can be taken in by shams, people who have little or no educational background are especially prone and will almost certainly fall prey to shams.

University students are influenced by professors and clergymen, but people in the outside of college world are largely influenced simply by what they read, view, and hear.

Simpson’s essay reveals that possessing liberal education skills enables a person to recognize false doctrines. Non-educated people will allow an individual to influence them …

Basketball History Started in the 1800’s

The game of basketball has a long road behind it. Invented in the 1800’s, the game of basketball was intended for indoors and applied rules of all different kinds of sports. The game was played with nine players but shortly after it changed and became a game with five players on each team. The game took flight across the country and even though women did not have many rights at this time, they also played. The first game ever played took place at the YMCA but the court was half the size they are now.

In the 1900’s basketball was played in most colleges and its popularity grew by storm creating a multitude of teams in large cities as well as the smaller cities. During that time, someone finally invented the basketball. The first woman’s college to allow the game was in Massachusetts. After word got out about the game of basketball, many teams surfaced playing all across the country. Later basketball becomes an official Olympic sport. As time past the National Basketball Association grew in popularity and by the late 1940’s they had 17 teams join the association.

The rules of the game have changed dramatically over the years. Score was kept as each basket was made the team earned one point. The rules came about from the rules of a children’s game. One player would stand near the basket and guard it as the other player throws the ball attempting to make the basket. At this time, the guard could not touch anyone else in the game. Wherever the ball was caught was where it had to be thrown. The player could not run with the ball and if the ball was out of bounce, you could throw it back into game play and to anyone who caught it, not just to a team member. The last player to touch the ball before going out of bounce was the one who threw it back in to play. The free throw line was fifteen feet from the basket but later changed to twenty feet.

Although at this time, other sports were not allowing African Americans to play or play with whites on their team. They were not even allowed to play against a white team. However, basketball was the only sport that allowed integrated teams. Basketball did not create any racial problems with fans or other teams. This game has always been the game that was for everyone. The players such as Shanty Barnett and Al Price had a tremendous impact on the game. It is not that the game was made or intended to be that way. It was the fact that the war was going on and all the valuable white players were going to fight in the war. The game itself needed the players and the African Americans who played made quite an impression to the fans, teammates, and the league.

Basketball has come along way and even at the time it was first invented, it …

5 Accredited Ultrasound Technician Schools in Orange County CA or Nearby

With a population of more than three million people, Orange County, California is a delightful mix of beaches, parks and well-known cities like Santa Ana, Newport Beach and Anaheim. It has a strong economy, and the County of Orange serves as the regional service provider for public health. Diagnostic Medical Sonographers will find a growing healthcare system offering plenty of employment opportunities and a community with a strong interest in healthy living.

Sonography Education in Orange County, California

There are two CAAHEP accredited diagnostic medical sonography schools in Orange County, California. One program is in the city of Cypress in the north part of the county, and is offered by Cypress College. The other is in Costa Mesa in the southern section of the country and is offered by Orange Coast College. The two cities are approximately 16 miles apart, so sonography students can access whichever program is accepting applications. However, there are also CAAHEP accredited programs in Loma Linda and Alhambra, which are in different counties but are less than 50 miles from Orange County. Every school has a financial aid office that can provide a lot of information about available seminars for sonography study.

Attending a program accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs is the best decision. These programs are designed to ensure students get the right kind of training needed to meet the ARDMS requirements to sit for exams in order to earn ultrasound certification. There are over 250,000 college and university enrollments in Orange County as of 2014, which is an extremely large student population.

Salary and Job Outlook for Sonographers in Orange County, California

The US Labor Department recognizes Orange Co., CA as the Metropolitan Statistical Area of ​​Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, CA. The May 2013 occupational survey reveals that Diagnostic Medical Sonographers earn excellent annual wages in this area at $ 77,510 or $ 37.29 per hour. Compare this to the 67,170 average annual wage or $ 32.29 per hour for all son jobs in the United States. Experience counts in Orange County, with the top 10 percent of sonographers earning $ 110,330 annually. Orange County has an excellent employment outlook for sonographers also and has experienced continued job growth in the education and health services sector year-over-year.

Accredited Ultrasound Technician Programs in Orange County or Nearby

School Name: Cypress College
Address: 9200 Valley View Street, Cypress 90630
Contact Person: Lynn Mitts
Contact Phone: (714) 484-7221
Program: Certificate

School Name: Orange Coast College
Address: 2701 Fairview Road, Costa Mesa 92628
Contact Person: Cynthia Lynn Reber-Bonhall
Contact Phone: (714) 432-5531
Program: Associates Degree

School Name: Loma Linda University
Address: 11234 Anderson St., Nichol Hall A829, Loma Linda 92354
Contact Person: Marie Delange
Contact Phone: (909) 558-4931
Program: Certificate

School Name: Platt College Los Angeles, LLC
Address: 1000 South Fremont Ave., Suite A9 West, Alhambra 91803
Contact Person: Blanca Caro
Contact Phone: (626) 300-5444
Program: Associates Degree

School Name: University of California San Diego Medical Center
Address: 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego …

Keys to College (UWF) Success

Each semester millions of people attend classes at a local or online college. All students know that textbooks, lectures, and projects will become part of their daily lives. Most wonder what they can do to be as successful as possible in their courses and make the road to a degree as easy as possible. The following are a few recommendations to help any student do well:

Know what works for you. Before you enter the classroom know what you are going to have to do to achieve your best in that class. Understand where your strengths are and find help for your weakest areas.

Know how you learn best . Are you a visual learner? Do you have to physically write-down notes or are you okay with typing them or, perhaps, just listening to the lecture?

Know how to study . Use the study methods that are best suited for you. Give yourself adequate time to review material. Do not form a study group with anyone if the time will not be used productively.

Know what your resources are . All campuses have some form of academic help. Utilize tutors, libraries, databases, organizations, and professors' office hours when you need them.

Be prepared. Preparation is an element of success in almost anything. Image is no different. Just showing up to class is not enough.

Keep a calendar of assignment due dates. With everything there is to get done, it can be hard to remember when things are due. Create a calendar to stay on top of due dates and make sure that you are managing your time wisely.

Get started on assignments and projects early. Oftentimes, projects and assignments will require more time than initially expected; Completing the work as soon as possible allows you to dedicate the appropriate time to the task and do a better job.

Become familiar test material ahead of time. Focus foremost on the information you are certain will be on the test (or quiz). From there, concentrate on important topics / main points and items of discussion highlighted in class lectures.

Actually READ the chapters of the textbook. While most of the text is similar to lectures, reading the book ahead of class will allow you to follow the discussion more easily and understand what is going on.

Be willing to put in the extra work. No one ever attended college because they thought it would be easy. You have to study many hours and collaborate on group work to have a successful college career.

Ask questions. If you do not understand something, ask the professor or peers, most are more than willing to help.

Do not skip any assignments. Avoid the temptation to 'just take a zero' for one or two small assignments. You do not want to be kicking yourself at the end of the semester because you are.01 away from a higher letter grade (or even passing the class), which could have …