Indian Institutes of Technology – Engineering Par Excellence

The boom of IT sector and infrastructure in India has sky-rocketed the demand of engineers. While there are engineering colleges dime a dozen in the country, the Indian Institutes of Technology are the best of the breed. Every Indian who wants to be an engineer, dreams about joining one of the IITs.

As of early 2009, there are 7 IITs functioning in their own campus. These are IIT Kharagpur, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, IIT Kanpur, IIT Delhi, IIT Guwahati and IIT Roorkee. Six IITs are currently operational from temporary campuses because they started operations in 2008. These are IIT Bhubaneswar, IIT Gandhinagar, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Patna, IIT Punjab and IIT Rajasthan. These six IITs are currently under the mentorship of older IITs and operate from their campuses.

Unlike other engineering colleges, the IITs do not need to be affiliated to any university to offer degrees. This is because each institution is considered an autonomous university by itself.

Courses Offered:

IITs offer degree courses at Bachelor and Master level. They are also research focused institutes. At the undergraduate level, the undergraduate level, all the students get a B. Tech. degree. The specific nomenclature of degree depends upon the engineering stream chosen by the students.

Each of the IITs is famous for particular engineering streams. Commonly the students choose for Computer Science, Electronics, Mechanical engineering, Aerospace, and Civil engineering streams. Whereas the study courses of first year are common for all students, the second year onwards, their study courses are decided according to the engineering stream they have chosen.

The IITs also offer an integrated degree of Master of Technology. Master of Business Administration course is also being offered along with Master of Science. The research level, Doctor of Philosophy is also offered by the IITs.

Admission Process:

Admission to all the IITs takes place through a centralized entrance test system. The procedure of admission to IITs is known as the Joint Entrance Examination. On an average, as many as 600,000 students write the JEE every year. Of these mere 5500 students are selected for these elite institutions. To appear for the JEE, the applicant must have secured 60% marks at 10 + 2 level with science subjects. For the reserved category, the minimum required percentage is 55%. Test can not be taken more than twice and maximum age limit is 25 years (30 years for reserved categories).

Admissions at the post graduate level are made through course specific admission tests. For M. Tech courses, the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is held. For M. Sc. JAM (Joint Admission to M.Sc.) is held whereas the admission to management programs is through JMET (Joint Management Entrance Test).

Job Prospects:

Being the top most engineering colleges of the country, completing the IIT degree is by itself a job guarantee. Most of the students get job offers through campus placement sessions. The students get numerous international job opportunities with United States based companies being one of the largest hirers of IIT alumni.

IITs are …

Top US Colleges & Universities

United States of America (USA) is the most preferred destination in the world for higher studies and work. Education in USA draws students not solely because it is the most developed nation, but because it provides the highest quality of education. The course structure as well as the method of study train students in a way no other country does. Although this is true for all colleges in America, but every student should and want to get admission to one of the top US Colleges and Universities.

University of Chicago ranks first among the innumerable US universities. It was founded by John D. Rockfeller in 1892, and today houses 14,600 students and 2100 faculty members. It has the best research and technological infrastructure. The approximate cost of the course and stay is 52,450$. A premier undergrad institute, it has four divisions at the UG level, namely, Biological Sciences, Humanities, Physical Sciences and Social Sciences. Graduates can apply to the various professional schools – Divinity School, Booth School of Business, Law School, Pritzker School of Medicine, Irving B Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies, or the School of Social Service Administration. Chicago University is known specifically for its law, economics and science departments. To get admission to this institution, you need to fill the common application form. Admission is on the basis of reports of secondary and high school, teachers’ evaluation, SAT or ACT score. Also students are to submit a short essay on why they want to enroll to this university along with an answer essay to the question on the website.

Harvard University, named after John Harvard, was established in 1636 in Cambridge. It is the oldest private university in US. Best known for its law school, business school and medical school, the university also offers varied options to choose from. At the under graduate level, students can choose between African and African American Studies, Anthropology, Chemistry, Economics, Engineering and Applied Sciences, History, Music, Psychology, Sociology and Women, Gender and Sexuality. Learning of a foreign language and a writing course is compulsory in the first year. At the PG level, you can opt for any of the schools – Harvard Business School, Divinity School, Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Harvard Graduate School of Design, Harvard Graduate School of Education, Harvard Graduate Law School, Harvard Graduate Medical School, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health. Harvard University is accredited by the NEASC-CI HE. Online courses are also available for those who cannot attend it on campus. To get admission you need to have a SAT score of 2080-2370 or ACT score of 31-34.

Yale University, founded in 1701 is located in New Haven. The cost of study here is about 54,000$. This Arts and Science Institute offers curses in Mathematics, Foreign Language, Computer Science, Economics, Music, Psychology etc. Online application is recommended. Eligibility depends on the College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) SAT I and and any two …

IB Physics – 7 Ways to Get a 7

IB Physics, especially at the Higher Level, is one of the most difficult subjects in the IB Diploma. Nonetheless, it is still very possible to attain a 7. In fact, according to the IB Statistical Report in November 2009, 31% of Standard Level Candidates and 20% of Higher Level Candidates received a 7. This means that on average, in a class of 20 HL students, 4 will get a 7.

So how do you get into that top 20%?

To find out, I’ve asked many successful past IB Physics students regarding their techniques, as well as IB Physics teachers, one of whom used to mark IB Papers. Combining this with my own experiences, I’ve found 7 key things that successful students are doing in terms of learning the course and IB Revision.

1) Know Your IB Physics Syllabus

One of the best aspects of IB Science subjects is the Syllabus. The Syllabus contains all the possible concepts that could possibly be examined. I know a teacher who actually writes IB Papers and he told me that every question that is written is closely checked according to the Syllabus and if it’s not relevant, it is removed. This means that if you can do every point in the Syllabus, then there is nothing that can surprise you in your final examination. So if you still have plenty of time before your final exams, make sure you have you syllabus next to you as you revise.

2) Annotate Your IB Physics Syllabus

We can go one step further. What I strongly recommend is printing out a copy of all of the relevant sections of the Syllabus. As you learn/revise, don’t just write down notes in your notebook, write your notes on your printed version of the syllabus! That way, as you learn, you’re cross-referencing to your syllabus. When you do this, you’ll be well aware of all the topics you’ve covered, the topics you’ve missed and importantly, the topics that you’re not yet familiar with.

3) Maximize Your IB Physics Internal Assessment (IA) Scores

Whilst the IB Physics exam may be difficult, the Internal Assessment is much easier. This is because you can do them without any time pressure whatsoever. Also, most teachers give you plenty of opportunities to maximise your IA scores. And most importantly, scoring high in your IAs means that you can score lower in your final exam and still get a 7. What I recommend is to look at your Physics Guide very closely and look at what is required of you for the IAs. If there is anything you’re unsure about, make sure you ask your teacher about it. If you don’t do as well as you’d hoped, find out why you lost marks. There should be no excuse for not scoring 40+ in your IAs.

4) Make Sure You Understand Each Point Before You Move On

This is crucial. As your teacher explains each point, make sure that you really understand it before they move on …

Electrical Engineering Study Options

Electricity makes up a major part of today’s modern society making it a prevalent career choice for many college students. Students have many educational options to choose from if they want to become an electrical engineer. Study options at the collegiate level range from certificate programs to doctorate programs.

When pursuing an education in electrical engineering students work through programs that focus heavily on math and science. Programs are completely focused on teaching students through a rigorous curriculum to create, produce, test, and maintain the manufacturing of electrical equipment. Equipment includes motors, machinery controls, power systems, computers, electric devices, and much more. Degree programs match the need for all of these areas by providing numerous concentration options for career study. The career goal of students will dictate what level of education is needed.

Students that want to enter a career working to repair and maintain electrical equipment should consider earning an associate’s degree. Entry-level jobs can be gained in areas that include:

  • Communications
  • Electronics
  • Medical Equipment
  • Automation

Students that want to advance their knowledge of electrical equipment to broaden their job prospects most often enter associate’s degree programs. Education covers information at the basic level to give student’s foundational understanding of electricity and electronic measurement. Some careers may require some on-the-job training to be fully qualified for a certain position. Students can expect to earn a practical degree that is usable within the field and in further study.

Earning a bachelor’s degree is the best starting point for students and it creates the most career options upon graduation. Degree programs last four years and teach students the design and analysis procedures in regards to electronic applications. Careers can be entered inside fields that include:

  • Circuitry
  • Information Theory

Education focuses on giving students knowledge in mechanics, thermodynamics, physics, and electrical circuits. Students can expect to learn design principles and the theoretical practices that go into creating electrical equipment. Many programs require students to choose a concentration in their last year of study. Some options can include power systems or digital systems. Programs give students hands-on experience in areas like control systems, circuits, and microprocessors.

Students work through their chosen concentration at the undergraduate level inside a master’s degree program. Fields of study can include:

  • Optics
  • Nanotechnology

The education completed prepares students for advanced careers inside their place of work. Further understanding on how to research, develop, and create electrical systems is gained. Networking, computer engineering, circuit design, and automatic control are degree courses that prepare students for management level responsibility. Earning a terminal degree at the PhD level of education gives students the knowledge to research and teach others about the field of electrical engineering.

The field of electrical engineering provides students with numerous career options based on their level of education. Completing an accredited educational program allows students to become a member of the electrical engineering industry. Full accreditation is proof of a quality learning program. Agencies like the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology ( http://www.abet.org/ ) can fully …

High School Wrestling: John Jesse’s Wisdom on Strength and Conditioning

In 1974, a book entitled Wrestling Physical Conditioning Encyclopedia was published. This book was written by a man named John Jesse.

Conditioning coach Vernon Gambetta writes, "You are probably asking who is John Jesse? John Jesse was an expert on strength training, injury prevention and rehabilitation from Southern California."

I never knew of this book’s existence until recently even though it’s obviously been around a long time. I came across it while surfing the internet and researching wrestling conditioning.

I borrowed a copy from the public library and found it really fascinating. John Jesse’s book doesn’t seem that outdated even though it was published 38 years ago. He really knew a lot about strength and conditioning.

So, what did he know?

Year-Round Training

Jesse emphasizes the importance of continuity in training. Continuous year-round physical training is imperative if a wrestler wishes to be successful. When discussing the importance of continuity he points out that, “Repeated efforts are required for the formation of conditioned-reflexes in the nervous system required for the development of great skill.”

A wrestler needs to train continuously the entire calendar year. However, Jesse recognizes the importance of breaking down the yearly training into cycles. Jesse divides the year-round training into four cycles.

The Four Cycles

  • Transition (Active Rest) Cycle – a period of one month immediately following the competitive season
  • Basic (Foundation) Cycle – a period of five months divided into three stages
  • Principal (Specific Preparation) Cycle – a period of two months
  • Competitive – generally a period of four months

Jesse advises to take one week totally off immediately following the season and then begin the transition cycle. However, you are not to engage in any wrestling or skills work during the transition cycle. During that cycle one should abstain from any wrestling, but you need to begin training for strength, endurance, and flexibly again. If you take too long of a break the physical attributes you’ve gained will begin to dissipate.

I’m sure that most of you have learned about the concept of periodization. Well, as you can see, that’s exactly what John Jesse is writing about.

In this current age, periodization is still used. Periodization is basically just planning your training. Dr. Fred Hatfield (a.k.a. Dr. Squat) is a big advocate of periodization. In an article entitled The Simplicity of Periodicity he writes of the “tremendous value of short-term periodization in your training.”

Moreover, he adds, “As your competition draws nearer and nearer, your training objectives change, and therefore your training methods change commensurably.”

Sports scientist Tudor Bompa has said, “We either have periodization or chaos.”

John Jesse writes something very similar in his book. He states, “Without a long-range training plan the athlete’s training can easily degenerate into chaos.”

Jesse knew what he was talking about.

Do you think champion wrestlers only work out during wrestling season? Do you think they train in some haphazard fashion? No! They train year-round with a well developed plan in mind just like John Jesse advocated and …

Negotiate A Great Career In Labor Relations

Labor Relations is an area of ​​business under human resources that covers areas like labor agreement negotations, contract administration and conflict resolution. Professionals in this field work to provide both management and labor with solutions that satisfy both parties.

Labor relations managers are responsible for implementing labor relations programs. The labor relations management and staff acts as a communication bridge for a employees and management. Labor relations specialists often advise management on union contract negotiations and managemnt relations. Labor relations specialists organize information to use during collective bargaining agreement because they specialize in economic and wage data information and have a wide-ranging knowledge of labor law and collective bargaining trends.

The labor relations person administers the contracts paying attention to objection employees may have to wages and salaries, health care, pensions, and contract terms. Dispute resolution is a major part of work in this field as tactful resolution of clashes between management and labor can help divert strikes and halt litigation. Although membership in unions is slowly declining across the United States, labor relationship's personnel still deal with the needs of employees in a variety of business situations.

To become a labor relation's specialist, you will need at least a bachelor's degree. Coursework in social sciences, business, and behavioral sciences will be very helpful to those who intend on pursuing a career in this field. Depending on the field you work in, you may need further specialized knowledge of areas such as finance, law, or science. Coursework will include classes in labor law, economics, conflict management, and employee benefits.

A master's degree in business administration with a concentration in human resources will be the best bet for the highest paying jobs in this field. You will also need to have a background in law so you understand and stay in compliance with state and federal labor regulations. Salaries in this field can range from $ 40,000 to $ 100,000 annually. …

Miami Museums

The sunny city of Miami is not only about the beach and shopping. There is some serious museum hopping opportunity available for those who enjoy contemporary, historic, natural or erotic art. Exhibitions for all people are easily found in this city. Choose one of the few cloudy days in the city and get familiar with the museums of Miami. The next list of museums gets you started and provides activities for many days:

Miami Art Museum

Located in downtown Miami, this museum of modern and contemporary art is dedicated to exhibiting and collecting international art with special focus on the American, European and African cultures from the 20th and 21st centuries.

101 W Flagler St., Miami, FL 33130

T. +1 305 375 3000

Lowe Art Museum

The Lowe Art Museum is the art museum of the University of Miami and features permanent collections from Europe, Asia, Africa and Oceana and the Americas. This museum pursues on teaching its visitors through its permanent and borrowed collections.

1301 Stanford Drive Coral Gables, Florida 33124-6310

T. +1 305 284 3535

Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA)

MOCA exhibits the new trends and directions in contemporary art. Most of its exhibitions present the mix of emerging and legendary artists. MOCA presents a calendar of lectures by renowned artists and critics, film screenings, concerts, and performances.

Joan Lehman Building 770 NE 125th Street, North Miami, Florida 33161

T. +1 305 893 6211

Miami Science Museum (MiaSci)

MiaSci features scientific and technological art and exhibitions to people of all ages interested of natural phenomenon. Currently under construction in downtown Miami is the new museum including public gardens, fountains and pools. MiaSci also includes a Planetarium and a Wildlife Center. The Planetarium features surround sound, video projection, lasers and a four story tall multi-media imagery, whereas the Wildlife Center dedicates to the ecological research and rehabilitation.

3280 South Miami Avenue Miami, FL 33129

T. +1 305 646 4200

World Erotic Art Museum

This museum is the home of the Americas largest collection of erotic art. Museum features a private collection of paintings, tapestries, sculptures and art objects of antique and contemporary art and shows different cultures, art mediums and lifestyles in a historic time line.

1205 Washington Avenue Miami Beach, Florida 33139

T. +1 305 532 9336

Museum of History Miami

The Museum of HistoryMiami acts as a space that presents the history of Miami and the greater South Florida region. It offers exhibitions, collections, and publications for both the local community as for visitors.

101 West Flagler Street Miami, FL 33130 T.

+1 305 375 1492

The Patricia & Phillip Frost Art Museum (formerly The Art Museum at FIU)

Located on the University Park campus of Florida International University, this museum is committed to art education for all ages, offering innovative programs including Art Smart for 5th grade students, guided tours on its Sculpture Park and lectures by renowned artists and luminaries through its Steven & Dorothea Green Critics Lecture Series and Latin American & Caribbean Art …

The Jason Project Takes Math and Science Education Out of the Classroom

What It Is

The JASON Project is headquartered in Ashburn, VA. Its mission is to inspire in students a life-long passion for learning in science, math, and technology through hands-on, real-world scientific discovery. It is named in the spirit of the Greek myth of Jason and the Argonauts.

For middle-grade students, JASON's real-time, interdisciplinary science expeditions offer a unique opportunity to participate in real, standards-based, multidisciplinary research directed by leading scientists.

For educators, JASON provides the content and tools to effectively teach middle-grade science. The JASON Professional Development program offers accredited online professional development courses in science, math, and non-fiction literacy instruction as well as on-site workshops and coaching to help teachers become highly qualified and make the best use of JASON programs in the classroom. In addition to the award-winning JASON Science curriculum, the JASON Professional Development offers educators a full array of online courses and onsite workshops to increase content knowledge. JASON Professional Development, supported by the National Science Teachers Association, enhances teachers' content backgrounds and provides them with the tools to help students learn more effectively. JASON Professional Development offers provide numerous classroom applications with demonstrations and hands-on learning activities.

JASON Math

Some of the many math expeditions led by the JASON project include the Mysteries of Each and Mars, From Shore to Sea, and Rainforests at the Crossroads. Each of these expeditions integrate mathematics concepts and skills with scientific themes. In addition the Math Adventures curriculum includes such activities as Geometry and Return to Titanic, and Proportional Reasoning and Disappearing Wetlands. These programs can be stand alone bedroom projects or used to complement a corresponding JASON Expedition. Students will be introduced to real researchers and their work and have an opportunity to conduct similar engaging activities in the classroom and outdoors.

JASON is committed to giving educators exciting new ways to teach standards-based mathematics. As students use our hands-on approach to solving real scientific problems, the activities challenge them to learn important mathematics skills and concepts too.

JASON Science

Both JASON Expeditions and JASON Science Adventures provide teachers with a vehicle to implement new content and instructional practice in the classroom, and:

o Make science real and relevant

o Allow students to get to know and identify with real scientists

o Introduce hands-on, technology-rich learning experiences

o Help students ask better questions, and inspire an interest in science and a lifelong passion for learning

JASON's award-winning supplementary curriculum is designed by the world's leading scientists and educators. The curriculum provide rich learning experiences using a hands-on inquiry based approach that mirrors the work of real scientists. The flexible instructional design allows for cross-curricular integration or single-subject implementation across disciplines. Not only are JASON Curricula based on national model standards for science, math, social studies, language arts, and technology; but they are also correlated to each state's standards for science. JASON is proven to enhance middle-grade student learning outcomes.
Participating Schools

Currently the JASON project includes:

o 26 Primary Interactive Network Sites (PINS) in the US, Bermuda, …

Information On an Old Encyclopedia

Pliny the Elder

Encyclopedias have remained on this earth since 2000 years. The oldest is Naturalis Historia written by Pliny the Elder in Roman times. It spreads over 37 sections covering art and structural design, natural history, medicine, geography, geology and every other facet that was present near to him. The facts were compiled from 2000 different works of 200 authors, but he wasn’t able to proof read the entries. It got published in AD 77-79. Earlier, the works by Marcus Terentius Varro were already there, but became lost in time.

Middle ages

The Etymologiae (around 630) became known as the first encyclopedia of Middle Ages compiled by Saint Isidore of Seville, a great scholar of Middle Ages. This encyclopedia spreads over 448 chapters in 20 volumes with quotes and excerpts from the work of other authors.

The High Middle ages saw reference to mostly Bartholomeus Anglicus’ De proprietatibus rerum (1240).

Vincent of Beauvais’s Speculum Majus (1260) was pretty progressive with over 3 million words in the late-medieval period.

The Suda is one huge encyclopedia of the Byzantine times of ancient Mediterranean world. It’s written in Greek lexicon style containing 30,000 entries.

17th-19th centuries

The modern idea of a printed encyclopedia, that could be extensively circulated for general use, came with Chambers’ Cyclopaedia (1728) and the Encyclopédie of Diderot and D’Alembert (1751 onwards), as well as Encyclopedia and the Conversations-Lexikon. These included comprehensive topics that had a wide scope and were in-depth and organized. The Chamber’s dictionary perhaps followed the lead of john Harris’ Lexicon Technicum.

Sir Thomas Browne, renowned English scholar and physician used the word encyclopedia in 1646 in his vulgar errors, where common errors of his times were refuted. This encyclopedia was structured on the proven scheme of Renaissance or ‘scale of creation’. It goes up the hierarchical tree starting from mineral, vegetable, animal, human, and planetary till cosmological worlds.

John Harris is given credence now for the alphabetic format he introduced in 1704 with his Lexicon Technicum: A Universal English Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: Explaining not only the Terms of Art, but the Arts Themselves”. It emphasized science as in the understanding of the 18th-century, still its topics extended beyond science to include humanities and fine arts like law, commerce, music, and heraldry.

20th century

In the early 1920’s, Harmsworth’s Universal Encyclopedia and the Children’s Encyclopedia became popular and affordable resources. In the US, the 50’s and 60’s saw several large editions being introduced and gaining popularity. They were sold through installments. WorldBook and Funk and Wagnalls came out the best.

In the second half, several encyclopedias were published. Their work was notable as they synthesized important topics from particular fields, gained through new researches. The Encyclopedia of Philosophy and Elsevier’s Handbooks In Economics were 2 such books. Most academic disciplines are covered in one dedicated volume including even narrow topics like bioethics and African American history.…

Whither Education – An Apathy

Even after half-a-century of Indian Independence, the fate of education, educators and students has hardly improved. The apathy of the power that be, including a large section of society, has not changed when it comes to human resource development and education. Even now there are more than four crore educated unemployed boys in India.

India boasts of being world's third knowledge power but effectively this is the lowest when judged against per thousand-population base. Societal degradation, inferred by political might, is reflected in educational institutions across India. Aberrations have become the rule on campuses that are infected with self-seekers and politicians.

Democratization of higher educational institutions, though a noble concept, has in the past 20 years turned campuses into a cauldron of stinking filth. These are managed by affiliations charged with little regard for excellence, honesty and intellectual probity. Unethical and politically-motivated decisions serve a few and are reflections of societal catharsis.

Geographic India consolidated into a polity by the British has muted into conglomerations of politically charged, disjointed entities and facsimiles of democratic degradation. The classic conservative yearning for an ordered polity and commensurate pursuit of knowledge on the campuses are missing. Whichever brand rules the country, this section of society commands no respect now. May it be students or teachers that they do not have a voice, they do not institute an essential service and education is not a national necessity. Being a state subject, educational policies suffer from innumerable deformities.

Although it is a constitutional obligation, the non-availability of funds and vested administrative setup have led to the mushrooming of universities, fake campuses, private enterprises and numerous buildingshift centers of education as well as fly-by-air foreign campuses. It has proved to be a great financial endeavor with hardly any risk involved because it does not come under VAT or any other financial constraints. India has by now more institutions of such type than colleges, an excellent opportunity to rope in knowledge seeking youth and those who desire to fly off to greener pastures.

When it comes to the formulation of policies about higher education, structuring the system, financial assistance, grants and salary, the statutory body-University Grants Commission-is mentioned like a sacred cow worshiped as well as butchered in the streets. How far the UGC is autonomous is a common knowledge. It has become a post office, a government organization, disbursing petty grants, sanctioned by the Central Government, among universities or institutions with a number of tags attached to them pending upon the status of the recipient institutions, state, Central, autonomous or deemed universities . There is a perpetual complaint about the non-availability of funds. The administration should appreciate that the jumbo cabinet and expenditure on legislatures could be cut down to feed and educate a few villages. The teacher wants to be a ladder upon which students could climb and scale new heights.

The Central and state governments invoke ESMA to curb the voice of agitating people, but it takes no time to give benefits to politicians …