Types of Computer Degrees

Computers have continued to evolve since their inception decades ago and today we can definitely proclaim that we are living in a computer age. There are few facets of our lives that remain untouched by computers today and the technology continues to develop all the time. What is needed as a result are skilled professionals who are trained in designing, adapting, maintaining and implementing these new technologies and making our lives more productive as a result.

Computer training can be divided into a number of sub-specialties that include computer hardware, computer networking, computer software, and Web development. For those students who have an interest in math and science and show an aptitude for problem solving and analytical skills, a career in computers might be the right one for you. Working towards a career in computers can be done in several ways. You can opt for Associate, Bachelor’s, or Master’s degree programs and / or complete various certifications and certificate programs. Some employers require specific certifications in addition to your degree while others may need only a certification or two. It is therefore sensible to research the jobs that you are interested in and find out what exactly is demanded from a potential job applicant. In general, there are three main fields of study that you can choose from – a computer science degree, a computer networking and technology degree, and a computer programming degree.

Computer Science Degrees – Students interested in computer science degrees might be surprised to discover that the curriculum is barely about computers. Computer science degrees aim to prepare students to understand the technology behind computers and to analyze and solve problems and develop new technologies. There is a strong focus on mathematical computing and data analysis making computer sciences an extremely math-oriented program. As a graduate with a computer science degree, you can expect to spend a large part of your education and career in research. Colleges offer a wide range of computer science degrees from Associate’s to Masters but the minimum requirement for most employers is normally a four-year Bachelor’s degree. Many schools also offer a computer science degree program in tandem with another specialization such as engineering or information sciences for those students who want to diversify into more specific fields after they graduate. Employment opportunities are assured to computer science students as companies are always in need of professionals to develop and maintain their software and hardware. If you want the upper hand in the competitive IT market, a computer science degree would be very useful.

Computer Programming Degrees – Computer programming as a career looks to be stable over the next few years. As long as students are prepared to be up-to-date with the current advancements and technological certifications, there should be no dearth of job opportunities for graduates with a computer programming degree. Computer programmers are those professionals who develop, test and maintain the programs that determine a computer’s functions. Programmers create new computer languages and tools to make computers do …

A Career in the Biotechnology Sector

Biotechnology sector in India is fast developing at a great pace. A flourishing career awaits students in the biotechnology sector, where professionals harness cellular and bio-molecular processes in order to develop different techniques and products which help in improving our lives and overall health of the planet. Over the last few years, students are showing keen interest towards the biotechnology field. Biotechnology, along with its different sub-fields, offers a wide array of career opportunities.

In order to break into the biotechnology sector, you should plan your career right from your school. You must complete your class 12th with subjects, like biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics. After finishing your schooling, you can opt for the right undergraduate courses like BSC or Btech in biotechnology from colleges, spread through the nation.

The eligibility criteria for getting into these undergraduate courses vary from one college to another. However, for most of the undergraduate courses, you need to sit for the below entrance examinations-

1 = The joint entrance examination for IITs
2 = All India Engineering Entrance Examination to get admission into different NITs and regional engineering colleges.

Other than these examinations, engineering colleges also conduct their own engineering examinations. Those who are interested in higher studies can go for MBA in biotechnology. For the Masters program, you should either hold a graduate degree in biotechnology or any other subject related to biological science. Moreover, a graduate degree in subjects like biology, chemistry, botany, pharmacy or zoology is also acceptable for masters programs.

After the post-graduate program, you can apply for the doctoral degree in biotechnology.

Top colleges offering biotechnology courses in India are-

1 = All IITs (Indian Institute of Technology)
2 = All NITs (National Institute of Technology)
3 = PSG College of Technology
4 = Thapar University
5 = BMS College of Engineering
6 = University Institute of Engineering & Technology
7 = Acharya Institute of Technology
8 = MVJ College of Engineering

Biotechnology job prospects

Biotechnology is a vast field, which incorporates different sub-fields. Moreover, there is a burgeoning demand for bio-technical experts in a diverse array of industries and sectors. Below are some of the common areas, where there is a high demand of biotechnology experts-

1 = Agriculture
2 = Animal Husbandry
3 = Environment Protection
4 = Genetic Engineering
5 = Health Care
6 = Medicine
7 = Drug designing and manufacturing
8 = Industrial Research and Development

Further, career opportunities in biotechnology are immense. Those who are specialized in various sub-fields can easily find biotechnology jobs both in private and government divisions. If you are possessing a post graduate degree in biotechnology, then you can explore opportunities in a wide range of industries. There are various reputed biotechnology colleges and institutes in India, where you can find teaching jobs also. There is an equivalent demand of bio technologists in foreign countries, especially, USA and UK.

There are unrivaled opportunities exist in textile, cosmetics, and chemical sectors.

Some of the leading biotech companies located in India …

Socio-Technical Systems and Organizational Values

Modern organizations define themselves using statements of vision. They state their vision in terms of human resources and technology, a socio-technical view. Modern organizations also define themselves in terms of values. New employees entering the organization learn the value system from employees with longevity in it. How organizations incorporate socio-technical systems as a reinforcement tool of their value system is the focus of this paper.

Values

In business, small and large, values determine course the business sets for itself. Yukl (2006) defines values as key statements of an organization. The value statement is ideological, what the organization considers important. Many values find their way into organizations including customer service, innovation, satisfaction of internal and external constituents, and excellence. Yulk’s view of values suggests something deeper. Organizational values and value creation are the soul of competitive edge, competitive advantage.

Hill and Jones (1998) write of management values as statements of how managers will conduct themselves and how they will do business. Managers in high performing businesses conduct themselves with stakeholders in mind. Winston (2002) suggests that high performing leaders accept the values of the organization as being of higher consequence and importance.

Systems

Values of an organization (customer service, innovation, satisfaction) imply an organization is a system. Senge (1990) tells us that organizations are organic systems of interconnected and interrelated sub-groups. This suggests more than brick and mortar structures, it suggests organizations of people, technology, and social interaction. Technology, according to Davis (1996), is a “conceptual bridge” between science and economics. This link gives form to how organizations manage. Conversely, Wren (2005) presents the view of technological change being disturbing to the social system of an organization. Socio-technical systems offer leverage to dispel the disturbing nature of change.

Socio-Technical Systems

Lee (2000) explains social of the socio-technical systems as the habitual attitudes of people. He includes the relationships between people with their values and behavioral styles. He also describes it as the formal power structure identified using traditional organizational charts. However, he continues with the aspect of an informal power structure based on influence and knowledge. The technical system makes up second part of the dyad. This system, according to Lee (2000), is “machinery, processes, procedures and a physical arrangement.”

A socio-technical system, abbreviated STS for the remainder of this paper, is people and technology blended. Yet, this is a much too simple definition. Some elements of STS are closely interrelated; therefore, it is not easy to distinguished items within a STS as purely technical or purely social. Aldridge (2004) explains STS as approaching organizational work groups as social systems and macro social systems. A third level of work observed is primary work systems. The primary work system according to Aldridge is one or more work units involved in face-to-face work. Work units collaborate jointly and have support of management, relevant technology, resources, and workplace specialists. Aldridge includes the writings of Trist (1981) when defining macro social systems, “…macro social systems include systems in communities and entire business sectors as well …

Success – Guaranteed Blueprint For Success

Most of us want "success" in life. "Success" can be defined in many ways. We can be successful financially, physically, emotionally, spiritually, with our relationships and in many other ways.

In whatever areas we want to be "successful", there are universal principles that aid us in reaching our life goals. The following ten main principals are guaranteed to aid you in reaching your goals.

Please, do not just gloss over these principals. If you really want success, read and internalize them. Think about them. Come back to them over and over until you become one with them and they become automatic in your life.

These very principals have aided me in reaching all the goals I have accomplished in life, and continue to guide me year after year. I am sharing them with you, because I know without a doubt that they work.

1. Create Quiet Time For Guidance. Many of us do not realize our "purpose" in life until later in life. Some of us never realize it. We go to college, trade schools or start businesses in areas where we have no real interest or talent, because we do not know what else to do with our lives. I know this first hand.

My elementary and high school teachers all told me I was good in math and science. I did love these subjects, and the attention I got from the teachers who told me this. Thus, when I went to college I started out as a pre-medicine major, primarily because of what I was told and because I wanted to "make a lot of money". It did not take long before the chemistry and physics classes blew me away, and I was forced to change my major.

Even though I loved the psychology and marketing classes I took, and did very well in them, I majored in Computer Studies just to get out of college with a marketable profession. Had I known then what I know now, that valuable guidance can be gotten from within, by having quiet time with myself, I could have initially chosen a major more in line with my gifts, talents and purpose in life, which becomes our offering to the world. We call this quiet time concentration or
meditation. As you practice meditation and develop it, guidance from within will be clear and will be disclosed quicker.

2. Know Your Strengths And Weaknesses. If you are a good debater, it is probably not a good idea to study bricklaying. Your natural strengths and talents are a good indicator of what your offering to the world could be. We all have both a profession and hobbies. Unfortunately with not a lot of spare time abounding, in our lives, with all our primary commitments, our hobby time is limited. The ideal lifestyle is to have your profession feel like or be your hobby. Professional athletes, writers, dancers, actors and others create this kind of lifestyle for themselves.

It is possible to turn a fatigue …

Parental Participation Leads To Science Success For Kids

Early exposure to science is critical because science knowledge is cumulative. Learning science requires a solid foundation of knowledge that can be built upon through further study and exploration. Children should be introduced to science at home as early as possible. Don’t make the mistake of thinking that your child learns all the science they need to know at school. The truth is science education in school is limited and the subject is not usually a high priority for educators. As parents, it is important that we share our knowledge with our children. Every day activities such as growing plants, cooking and caring for animals involve science. Take a look around and you will see that science is everywhere. Parents can choose to engage in scientific activities with their children when they are not in school to build scientific comprehension, encourage scientific exploration and foster a love for science and the pursuit of knowledge.

There are aspects of science that are intellectually demanding, but often simple experiences produce insightful learning. To engage your children in science you need to introduce them to stimulating environments that provide opportunities for observing and discussing science. Zoos, nature centers, oceans, parks, yards and even kitchens are perfect educational environments. Children naturally learn through playful exploration. Educational DVDs, and toys provoke thought and develop skills. When children ask questions to satisfy their natural curiosity, it is an open opportunity to be seized by the parent.

For instance, if a child is fascinated by a light switch and wants to know how it turns the light on and off, inquire into the subject with your child. Find out why and how the switch works. Why does yeast make bread rise? How does a spider spin a web? Why do leaves fall? Why do the birds disappear in the winter?

Identify your child’s interests and encourage them. If a child develops an interest in rocks, study rocks, gems, mining and fossils and build on that curiosity moving on to fossil fuels, heat generation and environmental effects. You will find that one inquiry leads to another.

Fuel their natural curiosity. These activities should be challenging without being frustrating. Don’t force them to do things they are not interested in; rather, engage them in motivating activities that build desire for further exploration. Share your own science related interests and you will be amazed by the impact of genuine enthusiasm. Remember that discussion is a key component to developing scientific knowledge and uncovering additional areas of interest. Encourage your child to talk about their experiences, observations and interests. This discussion will help children to construct thoughts, to form concepts and to examine different relationships that are intermingled in their ideas.

Some simple activities that foster knowledge of and interest in science include: “Finding out how and why things work”, “Sharing ideas and knowledge”, “Making observations and writing or drawing those observations down”, “Making predictions and seeking answers”, “Starting collections -such as rocks or bugs- and observing similarities and differences”, “Figuring …

Where Is Jill Nye the Science Gal?

I am in the process of trying to start an Association for Women in Mathematics chapter at my University. I was not really inspired to do this until recently when I came to a sad realization while viewing the "people who inspire you" section on my Facebook profile … none of them are women.

What is worse is that when it comes to literature, history, and business I know of many examples of women who figured prominently and made significant contributions, but in science and mathematics I can only think of a few. Of those few, most are in the social sciences and some met with some pretty terrible fates (ie Marie Curie). I am also well aware of the stories of women who would have had their names in the history books, but alas their work is overshadowed (and not credited properly) in history books by their male contemporaries, even thought their work is what made it possible for those men to make important discoveries.

I began to also realize that as a child growing up I had no female role models in math or science when it came to pop culture. I loved Indiana Jones and wanted to be an archeologist for the longest time. I watched Beakman's World and Bill Nye the Science Guy every chance I could. All of my childhood science heroes were men.

Even today when I watch television or go to the movies it is still mostly male characters that dominate the world of math and science. Women, when cast as scientists, are often characterized as brilliant, but so socially flawed that they are to be pitied.

In the media women who are gifted at math and science and who are also cool, fun, interesting, and desirable are mostly portrayed as doctors, psychologists, or nurses. All of these are noble fields, but these are not the only science fields. Women are rarely portrayed in the applied and theoretical sciences such as engineers, mathematicians, scientists, and researchers.

Even my favorite shows like Big Bang Theory and Bones do this. The one "normal" character Bernadette in the Big Bang Theory still had to contend with the possible emasculation of her future husband by her earning a PhD. Although she is normal, especially in comparison to most of the other characters in the show, Bernadette's character is subjected to the sexist storyline that she should walk on eggshells because she dared to be an accomplished female scientist who would make more money than her less educated and less completed husband to be. Other characters like Amy Farah Fowler are meant to comically mirror the bizarre Sheldon Cooper character, or as in the case of Leslie Winkle are characterized as women who behave as men do (even sexually); one would assume because she is in a male dominated profession.

In Bones Dr. Brennan is so dependent on her logic and facts that she pushes people and her feelings away because they are not as reliable. She is …

Top 10 Popular Science Books

1. Annals of a Former World , by John McPhee

In patient, lyrical prose, McPhee takes the reader on a geologic journey through the United States. This volume was originally published as 4 books; each is centered on a road trip the author took with a geologist, observing the earth next to Eisenhower's great US highways for clues into its geologic past. Annals has this – no borders, idealistic, On the Road for geologists kind of feel (though a bit more grown-up.) I pick up Annals every once in a while while im in a relaxed mood, when im looking for a good example of literary science writing. Highly recommended as a companion for camping trips, if you can fit it into your pack.

2. Surely You're Joking, Mr, Feynman , by Richard Feynman

A string of excerpts from Feynman's life / career, Surely You're Joking is probably the popular science book I have read through the most times, not because it is short, but because it is at once qualifying, understated, and full of applicable scientific concepts. Richard Feynman has an uncanny ability to make physics easily digestible, his lectures are a testament to that and Surely You're Joking is no exception. Feynman's easy prose makes the reader feel like physics is understandable, as if he has laid out a diagram of the universe on his living room floor – no one is an outsider. It's delightful. Feynman's in my 'top 5 people I would give my right pinky finger to meet' category.

3. A Short History of Nearly Everything , by Bill Bryson

The second heavy volume on the list, A Short History is packed with almost everything. It takes a look at the science behind a lot of things – beauty, cells, evolution, the universe. Bryson rejects the traditional idea of ​​a 'textbook' with this book, making science seem relevant in our daily lives and putting this knowledge in the context of the universe – in space and time. Capturing the detailed nooks where science is often concentrated and eliciting the wonder of the wider perspective is an accomplishment – savor it where you can find it. Great in audio book format.

4. The Richness of Life , collection of essays by Stephen Jay Gould

The idiosyncratic Gould has written articles in Natural History and many other science magazines for decades and is one of the most widely read modern science writers. In this collection of articles, Gould's highly intellectual, witty, and pin-accurate prose explores evolutionary theory, racism or baseball with a scientist's eye, but in a way that engages the layman. Gould's dedication to science shows in every piece. Delightful.

5. The Canon , by Natalie Angier

Someone at the New York Times science desk once told me – "Natalie Angier is the queen of metaphor." I have to agree. The Canon is the best example of her witty prose keeping the reader through simple scientific questions with difficult answers. In this book, Angier tackles what …

The Purpose of the Science Fiction Novel

Where fantasy goes into uncharted territory, the kind of story that could not exist, science fiction, a term made famous by the likes of Philip K. Dick, Isaac Asimov, and Robert Heinlein, goes into charted territory. Let's make sense of that last statement: Science fiction is based on truths, questions of reality, and questions of survival. Its purpose is to go where other fiction can not. Unlike horror, it tells something far more dangerous because it could happen. Unlike mystery, there is not always someone at the other end of the gun, maybe "something" instead. Like mainstream work, it proposes fascinating philosophies on mankind in the past, present, and future.

When reporters talked of space stations maybe they were onto something. When Star Trek characters could talk to each other on small, hand-held phones, most thought it was too good to be true. Now we have cell phones, computers that can talk, computers that can think in some ways, and a variety of other ideas that were often suggested in science fiction.

But the science fiction novel has its own place outside of the realm of Star Trek and Star Wars. For one, the legend must be created in words, not film or TV images. Second, the writers behind it are often as much philosophers as authors. Lastly, science fiction is its own frontier, a place for free thinking.

The thesis for all this would be that the science fiction novel engages a reader in a "This is how it could happen." The purpose is, as in all writing, to say something different. Long before "War of the Worlds" and even longer before Star Trek and Star Wars, people looked to the skies with hope, emboldening their legends with all kinds of flying creatures-angels, demons, sometimes aliens-who could do things they could not . That is exactly the purpose of the modern science fiction novel-it says we, the human race, can do something that right now we can not.

The final purpose of the science fiction novel is always to make a mark on society. Star Trek could only go so far. When one looks at a science fiction novel, however, sometimes it seemsingly is a race to the finish instead of a treat on life in the future. Something is always happening; it happens fast. Take Philip K. Dick, for example, who once wrote 11 novels in 2 years (he used various drugs, much like Hunter Thompson, to improve writing speed). However, there is nothing superficial about the science fiction novel. This is because even films have a hard time capturing the legion of ideas presented in the classics, like "The Man In the High Castle," Philip K. Dick's best novel. If any film does capture the purpose of science fiction, it's "Blade Runner," considered to be one of the best films of all time, based on the Philip K. Dick story "Do Andods Dream of Electric Sheep?"

Where it can be hard to pin down the modern science …

10 Ways to Improve Logical Critical Thinking and Reasoning

If you’ve ever wondered how to make your brain work harder for you, and how to improve logical critical thinking and reasoning, then this is for you.

Science writer, Rhodes scholar and two-time author Jonah Lehrer has come up with some unexpected ways you can help your brain stay fit and sharp. As an organ like any other in our body, it makes sense that exercise might be helpful.

There are, according to Lehrer, ten principles of better thinking you can apply to your own life to improve your own mind.

1. Tap your emotions – don’t avoid what they tell you, but listen and act accordingly where possible. These feelings are coming from someplace, brought on by facts outside of your conscious awareness.

2. Trust your instincts – once you’ve developed a skill, the time invested has given you reliable instincts, so instincts to can often be trusted.

3. Consider alternatives – the brain naturally filters the world to confirm what it believes, stop and consider just the opposite.

4. Know what you like – don’t be fooled by price tags or popularity, decide for yourself what’s for you, and what isn’t.

5. Take long showers – research shows that insight always arrives at the precise moment you’re not attending to the problem, most likely because our minds tune in better when free of stress.

6. Suspect your memory – the act of recalling an event changes the structure of the event, so the more you think about it, the less accurate your recollection can become.

7. Don’t overdo – the prefrontal cortex, responsible for willpower and thinking is easily depleted according to studies. You can do lots of things, just not all at the very same time. So, multitasking is not effective.

8. Learn from mistakes – successful people pay attention to their fumbles, as well as constantly looking for what they could improve upon – vital to learning.

9. Daydream – this is an incredibly important tool for creativity, causing a rush of action in an area known as the default network that allows the mind to make new associations. Daydreaming actually puts your brain into overdrive.

10. Think about thinking – introspection may well be the key to good judgment, at least the equal of intelligence and experience.

A unique list to be sure, but worthwhile to consider.

Lehrer has a keen interest in the brain and the neuroscience of thinking and decision making. He thinks of the brain much like a Swiss Army knife with all kinds of tools for different things. The thing you have to do is be sure you’re using the right tool at the right time.

Beyond mental exercise there are other things you can do to keep your brain healthy.

Eating a diet rich in antioxidant-loaded foods like almonds, leafy greens and blueberries is a smart choice.

Vitamin D has also been shown on multiple occasions to help with memory and information processing, so be sure you’re getting as much …

Georgetown MBA Exposed

Georgetown MBA full-time program though slanted towards general management studies is suitable for arts, science, or technical undergraduate degrees. Georgetown also offers a 60-credit program you can handle without taking leave your job since there are provisions for both online and evening programs.

The program which duration is usually twenty one months requires you to take part in a 4 one-week residences, one of which is international. You can also undertake a course of study that makes it possible for you to bag joint degrees in combination such as MBA / JD, MD, Masters of Science in Foreign Service or Masters in Public Policy.

The discipline is mostly sort after petitioners are non-profits, consulting and finance. The total number of applicants for the class of 2012 was 1,760. Out of this number, 37% or 649 applicants got admission. Considering the high standard of Georgetown MBA programs the average GMAT score of students are usually 685 while the average undergradation GPA is usually 3.35.

Georgetown MBA Evening Program

If you are a middle manager with substantive work experience the Georgetown MBA Evening Program (EP) is for you. As a first line manager who has a defect work experience than the typical full-time student, the 60-credit program should not be much problem in spite of your responsibilities at work. It is the same staff who will teach you that teach students of the MBA Full-Time Program. The curriculum is the same for three years for Georgetown MBA programs for both full time and part time students. …