Introduction to Agricultural Science

Agricultural science is the study of the practices involved in the field of agriculture. Agricultural science and agriculture, although related to each other, are essentially very different from one another. Agriculture is the art of growing plants, fruits and vegetables for human consumption. Agricultural science, on the other hand, deals with research, improvement and development in techniques of production like irrigation management, pest control etc. It includes the processes necessary for improving the quality and quantity of agricultural products.

Agricultural science deals with transforming the primary products to finished, consumption-ready products. It also involves the prevention and correction of adverse factors hampering productivity. It has been referred to as a local science because of its strong relation to the local areas. It is often considered to be a science dealing with eco-regions as it depends largely on climate and properties of soil in a particular area. These factors vary greatly from one place to another. Many individuals are of the opinion that agricultural science depends on the local weather and local soil characteristics, so specific crops need to be studied locally.

History

The path breaking work of Gregor Mendel in the field of agriculture made its study very popular around the world. However, in the modern era the chemical fertilizer industries in Germany revolutionized the field of agriculture in the eighth century. In USA, a revolution in agricultural science began with the passing of the Hatch Act in 1887. The driving force behind the Hatch Act was the need of the nation to empower the farmers so that they could improve productivity and feed the growing population. Since the early nineteen sixties, agriculture has gained a lot of importance in developing and developed countries.

This process was known as the Green Revolution and was linked to the process of selecting and substantially improving crops for maximum productivity. Even today, a lot of research is being conducted in this field of study, which has led to the emergence of various new areas of study like waste treatment, pest management, agricultural philosophy and others that focus essentially on food production. With the growth in world population, agricultural science is the one science which will play an important role in ensuring the continuity of the human race.

Agricultural Science Degree

Agricultural science is a multi-dimensional approach to understanding and practice of various economic, social and natural sciences that are involved in agriculture. Students who graduate in the field of agricultural science have a fair understanding of the relationship between farmers, ecosystems and end-consumers through the intensive study of economics, animal husbandry, botany and everything else which is involved in the field of farming and food production. Since more than half the population of the world is indirectly or directly involved in agriculture and production of food, degrees in agricultural science provide a broad spectrum of career choices ranging from education to agronomy.

The degree consists of a curriculum that prepares the students for entry level jobs in this field. They are trained in …

How to Plan Your Degree In-line With Your Career Path

Earn a degree is the largest and the most important investment for many people, choosing the right degree will secure for a brighter future. But, it sometimes can be difficult to choose a degree, as there are so many options and so much information to consider. Here are some tips to help you to decide the degree of your interest which in-line with your future career path.

Consider your interests.

You may be interested in pursuing an arts degree but because you believe in the myth of a Bachelor of Arts degree is not enough to find a well-paying job. Whereas, science and technology related degree has a better career path, so you put along your degree of interest and force yourself to take a science and technology related degree. If you do this, you will find it harder to complete your degree and may give up the degree in half way or even if you have successfully earned the degree, you may find it harder to succeed in a career at a dislike working fields.

Here, in the process of choosing what degree to pursue, you need to take into consideration of you interest. Sit down and carefully think of your future career which you are interested to build after your graduation, and from there, gather the information of the related degrees.

Set Your Career Goal

You need to have a clear understanding of what you want to do with your career and how learning a graduate degree will help you reach that goal. If you go to graduate school without a clear goal, you will probably end up wasting both time and money. You will have a better idea on your career goal by spending some time working on some self-assessment and career planning.

Then, gather the information about the degree requirements for the jobs, you can get the job requirement information from many of the job sites like AllStarJobs.com. Once you have degree requirement of you career of interest, then start to search for the related degree programs and shortlist the degrees of your interest for getting further information from universities or colleges who offer these degrees.

Decide Your Mode of Study

While knowledge on your field of interest is the key successor of you future career, experience of the related field play an important role in helping you to set your career path correctly. You may want to consider earn your degree online while getting your working experience in your field of interest.

Today, online degree programs are increasing in popularity and creditability, more and more prestigious colleges and universities offer complete online degree programs taught by the same faculty who teach in their classrooms. The online degree programs is able to provide you with a convenience and flexible learning environment where you can complete your degree at your own planned schedule with the restriction of geography location. Here, you can utilize this advantage to gain your working experience while pursuing your degree online.

In Summary

Market Technology: The Missing Link

Although many, aspects of Industry have morphed and changed over the last, few decades, there are several outposts that continue to find their way. In spite of technological advances, process improvements, changing Market and Customer demands, fierce Competition and even the advent of the Internet and powerful, Marketing platforms – like LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter – the prevailing mindset has not changed dramatically.

In 1981, we submitted a manuscript to Harvard Business School for review and consideration. It was titled, “Market Technology: The Missing Link.”

It certainly would not rival Ted Leavitt’s “Marketing Myopia,” however Market Technology approached the fundamental issue differently and distinctively.

The actual manuscript was a “library of congress” class of document complete with concept overview, relevant models, heavy detailed, descriptors, case examples to demonstrate that the stuff had been applied to the real world, etc.

In its raw form – Market Technology advocated that companies must treat their marketing, sales and business development needs similarly to the way core engineering and product development are handled. Determining the right response and the right mix for a company’s marketing and sales programs is no different than determining a company’s products and services. In fact, conceiving effective programs is as complex and critical to the company’s success, as conceiving its product set. This meant that the Marketing discipline and process need to be integrated into the business. In fact, with small-to-medium, sized companies – the Market Program – is classified, as critical – in that, it could make or break a company.

For smaller firms – they must get it right – out-of-the-gate, and may not get a second chance.

This is one aspect that distinguishes smaller companies from their larger counterparts – as the larger firm can absorb a missed opportunity or loss more readily.

How many companies have you been associated with that thought and operated this way?

Market Technology represents a Mindset, framework, methodology, process orientation and an implementation -ready, program all rolled-up in one, complete package.

In your company, what role does Marketing play?

Most, will respond by indicating that Marketing plays a support role for either the product/service or to provide mainline support to the company’s Salesforce or Distribution Network (Channel Partners).

Reference will be made to Trade Show support, MarComm, collateral material, brochures, data sheets and even the dreaded “lead generation program.”

In your company, what is the stature of Marketing?

There are exceptions (depending on the Industry and Company make-up), however most will indicate that it is not a Leadership role (although the Marketing Team wants it to be).

What is the missing ingredient?

Is it that Senior Management did not come from the Marketing discipline and will not give it its day and cut it loose?

Is it that companies have experienced too, many false starts with their Marketing Program or it just doesn’t work?

Is marketing too, risky and costly compared to making investment in other areas of the company?

Is marketing viewed, as a luxury vs. a mainline contributor?…

Degree Training for an Education (Teaching) Career

The need for educational instructors is increasing as the population continues to grow. Students can obtain a degree in the field of education by enrolling in one of a number of degree schools and colleges. Degree training for an education (teaching) career in the field of education can prepare students to work in elementary schools, middle schools, high school, higher education programs, and much more. With an accredited degree in teaching students will gain the knowledge and skills needed to pursue a variety of careers. Available degrees in this field consist of a bachelor's, masters and doctorates level degree. Students must hold a minimum of a bachelor's degree in order to qualify for admission into an education training program.

Educational degree training programs are provided to help students prepare for the world of teaching. With an accredited school or college students will gain the skills to work with children of all ages as well as adults. Coursework will vary depending on the program of enrollment and the level of degree desired by each individual student. Most professional in this field are required to study subjects like:

  • English
  • Discipline
  • Science
  • Computers
  • History
  • Psychology of Learning
  • Art

… and more. Some schools and college may also offer training in philosophy of education, social studies, music, physical education, teaching methods, and other related course subjects.

Students who are looking for the opportunity to enter into a career training program for a degree in education can do so by entering a bachelor's degree program. Most schools require that an associate's degree be obtained prior to enrolling in an educational degree training program. With a bachelors degree in this field students can obtain the skills needed to work with a variety of ages teaching a number of subjects. Teachers with a bachelor's degree have a number of responsibilities when providing an education to others. Accredited schools and colleges will train students to provide educational instruction to their class in a variety of ways. Students can obtain a masters or doctorates degree in education as well.

With an accredited masters or doctorates degree program students can prepare for a career providing an education to others. Education teaching programs at this level provide a more in depth program of study for students looking to specialize in a specific area of ​​the field. With a masters or doctorates degree in education students can find employment specializing in areas like early childhood education, special education, physical education, reading, electives, and much more. Masters and doctorates degree are the highest level of degrees available in this field.

By requesting more information regarding a training program in education students can prepare for the career of their dreams. Students who wish to provide an education to others can gain their own education at various levels in order to become a professional in the field of teaching. Students can also enroll in continuing education certificate courses in order to stay current on various teaching methods. Accredited education schools and colleges that are approved …

The Brief Alliance of Religion and Science

The tension between the religious and scientific communities continues to increase and that tension has manifested itself in a variety of overt, but also subtle ways. While it may not be immediately apparent by the rhetorical emanating from their leadership over the last century, the religious and scientific communities have far more in common than we are made to believe. Both communities have stated goals to seek and find truth, and both have fundamental flaws bought on by their prejudice which impeded their goals. Sadly, it sees as though both sides believe they are in conflict with one another and, of even more significance, they believe they must defeat the other for its survival.

These communities are no different than any other organization and their behavior is actually classic organizational behavior. As organizations and communities become prosperous, they often succumb to the temptation to forget their original purpose and their focus shifts to protecting the existence of the organization at all cost. Also, indicative of a trait common to organizations, the members of religious and scientific communities do not feel nearly at odds with one another as their leadership seems to feel. Is this tension necessary? Has it been ever present? Have these two communities ever been in harmony?

There was a brief period of time in which science and religion were in harmony. The time period just happens to coincide with the end of a dark time in history and the emergence of a new country which is clearly stated as its purpose – to provide a sovereign place in which individuals are free to live and pursue happiness. The assumption of that purpose is that individuals who find truth will be happy as they are blessed with the knowledge of truth.

An interesting irony of that assumption is that it must first be assumed that there is an absolute truth to be found and that the truth exists beyond human input. In short, it asserts that mankind is not the completion of the evolution of life. Moreover, it assures that mankind is merely a significant player, and that something or someone much bigger than us (let's call that truth) requires discovery. The brief alliance of science and religion coincided with the establishment of the United States of America and all three factions of human civilization (government, science, and religion) aligned under a single philosophy – that when people are left free, they seek to govern themselves honorably and seek to discover truth about this natural world and any supernatural world. They were aligned in the philosophy that there existed good and evil; and science, religion, and government were equally capable of both.

It can not be overstated that the environment which led to this unique period of history, one in which science, religion, and government seemed to be in perfect fashion with one another, was not an accident. It was by design. One thing the founding fathers understood well was the purpose of organizations, and, by extension, their …

ESL Bingo Cards

Any language which is widely used beyond the population of native speakers is known as a "lingua franca". Such languages ​​are widely used, for example, in business and commerce, science, diplomacy and culture. During ancient times and right up until the late Middle Ages, two of the main lingua franca in Europe were Latin (mainly in Western Europe) and Greek (mainly in Eastern Europe). With the rise up of the Hapsburgs, Spanish became the language of international diplomacy, until it in turn was displaced in this field by French. Many other languages ​​have at times sometimes specified as lingua franca for international communication, and some of these include German, Russian, Portuguese, Polish, classical Chinese, and Arabic. Nowadays, because of the former British Empire, the events of World War II, and the huge cultural, economic and political influence of the United States of America, English has become the dominant lingua franca of international commerce, science, technology and aviation. Additionally, English has become the leading language on the Internet, in part due to the fact that the Internet was first developed in the United States, in part due to the fact that English was already dominant among the scientists and technologists who were the first heavy users of the Internet, and in part due to massive impact of technology businesses founded in English-speaking countries (especially the United States).
Given the importance of English, more and more people are wanting to learn the language. This in turn further entrenches the importance of understanding and speaking English, which encourages yet more people to learn English, and so on.

Many non-native speakers are, of course, able to pick up some English from hearing and seeing the language in daily use. It's also certainly true that an intense number of people have learnt some English as a result of watching Hollywood movies, watching British or American TV programs, or listening to Western popular music. However, non-native speakers who wish to use English as part of their professional life, generally find that more formal education in English – studying "English as a Second Language" (sometimes also known as "English as a Foreign Language" – abbreviated to "ESL" or "EFL") – to be useful.

Teachers of ESL courses will generally aim to bring into their students a good knowledge of both spoken and written English. This will be done through various classroom activities including speaking, reading and writing the language, as well as classroom games.

One particular game that is increasingly popular in ESL courses is bingo. Bingo is ideal for teaching situations because it is very easy for students to learn and play, because it does not require expensive materials, and because it can be adapted to teaching numerous different topics. The game is played in class: –

1. Before class, the teacher prepares a set of bingo cards (one per student), containing the items to be taught or revised. Depending on the theme for the lesson, this may include numbers, dates, times, or English words (sight …

The Emerging Science of Positive Psychology

Traditional Psychology

Since WWII, human sciences such, and particularly psychology, have been mostly concerned with fixing psychological disorders. Let's call it the abnormal. Because psychology reckoned the greatest contribution it could make was in the field of disorders, it followed the medical model. The clients were called patients.

Knowledge generation was mainly about non-copying people, their issues and how to help them from not-coping to coping / being OK. When a person got to the point where he copes, psychology lost interest, because the 'mission was successfully completed'.

Knowledge generation was mainly about non-copying people, their issues and how to help them from not-coping to coping / being OK. When a person got to the point where he copes, psychology lost interest, because the 'mission was successfully completed'.

The dilemma is that majority of people are OK and they do cope. Little proven knowledge sought to assist in getting even better – from being OK to being great.

Emerging Positive Psychology

Positive Psychology then emerging. It aims at Personal Well-being and how to achieve it, ie how to get from only being OK to being great.
I see the paradigm shift described in the notice that when a person becomes great, pettiness of symptoms disappear in the background.
Positive psychology is a new science. It got momentum only after 2000. Its official birth was thought about in 1998 Dr Martin Seligman, chairman of the most influential body of psychology, the American Psychological Association (APA). The APA is the engine room of the psychology fraternity worldwide.

One can argue that, since ancient times, philosophers, religious leaders and even contemporary thoughts about what makes people great. It is true, but now we have science to research these questions for us.
Vive! 'S roots are planed in the soil of Positive Psychology focusing on building existing strengths. The focus is definitely not on troubleshooting one's weaknesses. It aims at releasing positive forces within a person that traditional self-improvement programs have note yet come to grips with. These forces become the vehicle of Vive! 'S mental makeovers.
We are privileged to bring to you well-being stuff that has been tested and that can definitely make a positive difference in your life!
What is Personal Well-Being?

Personal Well-being is a collective term referring to a subjective sense of feeling good; experimenting positive emotions. It encompasses a positive perception of oneself, having a positive approach to life, a sense being fulfilling and experiencing that my life has meaning. It focuses on having peace of mind, being content and living authentically.
Personal well-being is the result of effective living where the following powers are unleashed and cultivated:

* The power of purpose and meaning-giving goals,

* The power of hope,

* The power of creativity and authenticity,

* The power of continuous reality negotiation,

* The power of love, compassion and empathy-altruism,

* The power of forgiveness and gratitude,

* The power of operating in one's Zone of Unique Excellence – 'Flow',

* The power of wisdom, …

Why Goal Achievement * IS * Rocket Science After All!

You will hear and read the following often when people talk about goal achievement – 'It's a simple theory to follow, it's not rocket science!'

I say and write it myself all the time, and I believe it, I have done for over 20 years, and have used it to great effect in my life.
I write about the theories in my book 'Transform Your Life in 21 Days!', So why would I write this article saying that goal achievement * is * in fact rocket science after all?

Ooh, good question, and here's the answer …

Simply because we can look to the exploration of space (rocket science) to find an almost endless flow of goal achievement nuggets.
The recently revived US Space Shuttle Progamme is great to watch.
Now they show the whole mission streamed live online, so you get to see all the daily mundane workings of the astronauts as well as the more spectacular stuff.

In December 2006 the shuttle discovery docked with the International Space Station, and although the shuttle only stayed a few days, they dropped a crew member, Sunita Williams, to start her 6 month stay at the station.

Yes, 6 months in space!

As I was following her progress, I was fascinated to learn that she has to do 2 hours of exercise a day.
1 hour of cardio work, and 1 hour of weight work.

This is not to turn her into a superhuman, it's just to keep up with the rest of us back here on Earth.

Because of her zero gravity environment, Williams' muscles, including heart, lungs, legs, arms, etc, will not be taxed anything like as much as they are to just move about in the gravity we feel here.

If she did not exercise, over 6 months, she would be in a bad way on her return home, she just would not be strong enough to walk or do the simple functions we take for granted.

Here her 2 hours a day.

Now, an absolute classic tip in the field of goal achievement is to give 1 solid hour a day working on your goal.
If you do this, you will make leaps and bounds you had not thought possible.
The reason for this is that most people simply * do not * commit this time.
An hour a day adds up to 7 hours a week (I kept up at school!), And you can get a lot done in 7 hours.

So, as you work toward your goal, think of Suni Williams in space.
As I write this, Jan 4th 2007, she gives 2 hours solid every day – not to make progress, but just to keep up with the rest of us!
She'll continue to do it every day for 6 months!

That's impressive in my book, and she can do it, imagine what you could achieve with 2 hours a day for 6 months!
Can not find 2 hours every day?
Stick to the …

What You Should Know About ACT

There comes a time in every college bound person's life when they ask the questions "What is the ACT and how does it affect my future"?

A national college admission examination, the ACT consists of subject area tests in English, mathematics, reading, and science plus an optional writing exam.

Originally, "ACT" stand for American College Testing. However, in 1996 the official name of the organization was shorted to simply "ACT" to better reflect the broad array of programs and services offered beyond college entrance testing.

There are three good reasons to take the ACT:

1. The ACT tests are universally accepted for college admission.

2. The ACT is not an aptitude or an IQ test. Instead, the questions on the ACT are directly related to high school courses in English, mathematics, and science.

3. In addition to the tests, the ACT also provides test takers with a unique interest inventory that provides valuable information for career and educational planning and a student profile section that provides a comprehensive profile of high school work and future plans.

In the US, the ACT is administrated on five national test dates in October, December, February, April, and June. In selected states, the ACT is also offered in late September.

The ACT tests are prepared according to the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, & National Council on Measurement in Education (1985); Code of Professional Responsibilities in Educational Measurement, National Council on Measurement in Education (1995); and Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education, Joint Committee on Testing Practices (1988).

People of all ages and grade levels are eligible to take the ACT. This includes junior high or middle school students and those who have already graduated from high school.

The test includes 215 multiple-choice questions in four subject areas: English-75 questions; Math-60 questions; Reading-40 questions; and Science-40 questions. Plus one writing prompt in the optional writing portion.

There are no limits on how many times you can take the ACT, although there are restrictions on how frequently you can do so. For example, you can test only once per national or state test date, or if you test through non-national testing such as special testing, you must wait a minimum of 60 days between retests. Many students take the test twice, once as a junior and again as a senior.

You should definitely consider retesting if you had any problems during the test, such as misunderstanding the directions or not feeling well. You may also want to consider retesting if you are not satisfied that your scores accurately represent your abilities.

Retesting may be a good idea if you see a discrepancy between your ACT scores and your high school grades, or if you have completed coursework or an intensive review in the subject areas included in the ACT since you were tested. Research shows that of the students who took the ACT more than once 55% increased their Composite score on the retest. If you …

Talking Avatars in Education – The Virtual Teacher Comes of Age!

Avatars, Talking Web Characters and Virtual representatives are growing in popularity for one critical reason … “they work”!

With Broadband becoming the standard access to the Internet in all four corners of the world, the benefits and possibilities of utilizing rich media and interactivity in marketing are starting to become a reality if not the norm. One of the most active areas is in the so-called Animated Avatars know by many names such as: Talking Web Characters, Virtual Representatives, Virtual Characters and Web Compares. Their popularity growing every day, it’s not by accident, one critical reason is… “they work” , but when it comes to using them to deliver training, presentations or integrated into CBT and education the Virtual Teacher rises eminently to the challenge. 

Assisted Education Delivery using the ubiquitous Virtual Tutor comes of age.

Virtual Teachers, educational presenters and tutor can have a new face, available 24 hours a day, 365 days of the year, with the same happy disposition, virtual, animated, automated lip-syncing and compelling content combined with contextual delivery. We know that retention is improved, we know that “lean back” education can be effortlessly absorbed and we know that there is nothing more powerful when it comes to delivering complex ideas or facts than the spoken word. Virtual Teachers can be available in different forms, ages, sexes and even fantasy. The flexibility is endless. Education creators can concentrate on the subject matter and choose the ideal Virtual Tutor to assist in the process. Literature assignment can be delivered in context and even brain teasing science and math education can become more precise when you have the help of a virtual tutor that has the power of “voice”. Un-attended education across the web or operated locally makes virtual education delivery highly effective and manageable. CBT has a new face, interactive courses can have virtual assistants and guides. Many training and formal educational environment incorporate media within their presentations and educational content, and it’s not by accident, why? because it works! The ability to concentrate on content and its compelling and memorable delivery is the reason that Virtual Teachers and Tutors are common place in establishment high in the corporate stratosphere and junior schools alike, they both have something in common, the recognition that compelling animated virtual teachers can give results in a planned and precise manner, where achievements can be accelerated at all learning levels. This is no accident, its technology at its best, with a face and a purpose. Take a PowerPoint presentation, graphs, facts, figures and images, nice enough, add a virtual full animated teacher into the mix and you now have a new breed of educational delivery.

In an educational setting it’s a proven fact that information retention and concentration is enhanced when faced with compelling content. So what should you look for in your animated talking character.

1: The Avatar Look

Is your talking animated character “attractive”, or does it look as though it has fallen out of the ugly tree, is it …