University of Pune

The University of Pune was founded on February 10, 1949 and is located in the state of Maharashtra in India. With a sprawling campus spread over 400 acres of land, there are 46 departments, 269 colleges and 118 research institutes affiliated to the university. Known by the epithet "Oxford of the East", the University of Pune has jurisdiction over five districts – Pune, Nasik, Ahmednagar, Dhule and Jalgaon.

An educational hub

The site at which the University of Pune is located is the place where some episodes of the Battle of Khadki took place. The city itself has a rich heritage and it is one of the fastest growing cities in India. With a population of over 4 million people, the city has grown to be a hub of education and career seekers.

The university offers a serene environment conducive to teaching / learning processes. There is a range of courses in various Science, Arts and Commerce disciplines.

Vital Information

The University of Pune is connected with all major cities of India via air, rail and road. The capital of Maharashtra Mumbai is at half an hour distance from Pune. Outstation students can avail of separate hostel facility for girls and boys which is based on merit. The hostel mess, which in turn is compulsory for all ladies seeking hostel facility, offers hygienic food to the students. The university also draws aspirants from all over the globe.

In recent times, there has been introduction of more inter-disciplinary and comparative courses at the University of Pune which has indeed helped in establishing the university as a modern gateway of knowledge. …

Distance Education – Are You Ready to Hit the Digital Books?

Distance education is broadly defined as the provision and process of learning when the learner and the source of information are separated by distance, time, or both. If any of this learning takes place on-site for any reason (including taking exams), the learning is termed "blended" or "hybrid" learning.

The Internet has made continuing education via distance learning faster and easier for distributors and students. Over the last couple of years the education sector has seen a remarkable rise in the prominence and impact the "virtual university".

Approximately 1 in 5 undergraduate students in North America are enrolled in at least one online learning, continuing education class, and 1 in 20 are now enrolled in an online education degree program. Courses range from the most basic instruction through to masters and doctor programs.

Levels of accreditation vary broadly. Some of the online education "institutions" are nothing more that fraudulent "diploma mills" receiving no oversight. But, in the United States, an institution may not use the term "university" without government accreditation.

Technologies used in distance learning education delivery are divided into two groups:
1) synchronous learning technologies
2) asynchronous learning technologies

Synchronous Learning technology resembles traditional classroom teaching in that all participants are "present" at the same time and there is a set timetable. Technologies used for synchronous learning include Internet technologies such as VoIP, live streaming, and videoconferencing, and broadcast technologies including television and radio (traditional and satellite).

Asynchronous Learning technology allows students to access "evergreen" coursework and exams on their own schedule using the Internet. This, of course, allows more flexibility, but also allows procrastination.

Synchronous and Asynchronous Distance Learning Education are often combined. The Internet can blur the distinction between these two distance education methods.

Developing distance learning technologies include computer games, three-dimensional (3D) immersive environments, and virtual worlds,
which may be streamed in real time and / or downloaded and engaged via a local hard drive.

An all-online degree program via distance education / distance learning allows even a busy traveling professional to take their education on the road. When they get behind, the entire program is readily accessible via Internet to help them get back on track. Online education students have access to lectures within a few hours of on-campus students, even when they're on the other side of the world! Dedicated to meeting the needs of location and time bound students, are you ready to hit the digital books? …

Tomato – The God Food for Nutrition and Human Health

A recent study conducted at Ohio State University in the US reported that the dietary carotenoids, that gives tomatoes their colour, will protect the skin from ultraviolet (UV) light damage. With the number of people being diagnosed with skin cancer increases with each passing year, it’s a good news that the daily consumption of tomato may cut the chances of skin cancer.

This small, round, sweet, juicy, delicious red fruit is one of the largest consuming vegetables in the world, not only because of its culinary purpose but also due to its numerous health benefits and nutrition. Tomato for skin cancer was just the latest example for its infinite fitness blessings.

From the time immemorial, there exists a long love affair between man and tomato due to its capacity for better acclimatization to various environment. Today, it comes in a vast array of varieties differing in colour, size, shape and taste. Now tomato has emerged as one of the most desired vegetables in the world due to its unique taste and nutritional qualities. More than 100 new tomato varieties are being made available in the world market with each passing year.

The health benefits of tomatoes gave it the title “God food” and forms an integral part of cuisines all over the world. Tomato is also a good source of potassium, manganese, magnesium, phosphorous and copper. Organic compounds like lycopene also attribute to the health benefits. The criteria for selection of tomato varies with country and the culture. Asian markets for tomatoes are particular about lighter colours while in European markets, small shapes of tomatoes are preferred.

So how the “God food” dominate the seed market? A report by Market Intelligence, a market research firm, states, ‘The Tomato Seed Market revenue covers a whopping 829.8 Million USD of the 7.8 Billion USD revenue of Vegetable Seed Market’. The numerical figure clearly depicts the dominance of seed market by tomatoes.

Tomato is the most widely grown and consumed vegetable globally. China is the largest producer of tomatoes followed by India, United States, Turkey and Egypt. The food processing market occupies 30% of the destination market for tomato while 70% of it is consumed as fresh produce.

Nowadays, the main focus of leading seed companies all over the globe is to improve the yield, adaptability to various climatic conditions and developing varieties with disease and pest tolerance. High emphasis has been laid to developing disease resistance tomatoes because tomato is attacked by more than 200 diseases and pests. Some of the important diseases of tomatoes are bacterial wilt, Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus (TYLCV), Groundnut Bud Necrosis Virus (GBNV), etc. Breeders from companies are also working on developing flavours for the final taste of tomatoes. The growth of tomato seed is heavily credited to the use of hybrid seeds and usage of high-value experimental varieties in developed economies. Although the investment in this industry is high, the return on investment is dramatically encouraging farmers globally to adopt hybrid tomato seeds for its …

Introduction to Investment Funds – Financing University Costs

In December 2011 MPs allowed universities to raise undergraduate fees from £ 3,350 to £ 6,000, and up to £ 9,000 in "exceptional circumstances" such as Oxford and Cambridge. Financing a child's higher education pathway has there since potentially become significantly more difficult for a large percentage of those entering University this year and beyond.

This report investigates ways in which the burden of financing a child's University costs can be alleviated via sound financial planning and a solid investment strategy.

Junior ISAs

Junior Individual Savings Accounts (JISAs) were introduced in November 2011 as a means to establish an investment portfolio for young children in order to give them as secure a financial start in life as possible.

Junior ISAs can hold cash like normal savings accounts, or they can take the form of Stocks & Shares investments, but all benefit from having a yearly tax-free allowance.

Depending on the type of ISA chosen, they can either provide instant access funds or a long term investment fund helping to offer and secure a child's financial future, while promoting the concept of structured saving to the next generation of investors.

Investment Trusts

It is calculated that three years of University schooling plus living expenses will run up to about £ 50,000 in the current environment. This cost is projected to increase steadily through the coming decade.

As a result, investment trusts can be one of the most effective ways of accumulating funds in time for a child's higher education.

Investment trusts consist of diversified ports that are professionally managed. Because the portfolio contents are pre-selected by experts, opening an investment trust can be one of the simplest methods of establishing a successful long-term investment strategy.

Trusts exist with a variety of risk levels which allow investors to select on the basis of financial risk exposure versus return potential.

The level of risk accepted by an investor should depend upon factors such as the value of the initial investment, the length of time available before the child begins University and the investment growth requirement.

As independent journalist Malcolm Anderson states for example;

A trust might hold 30% of assets as cash, 30% as reliable bonds and 40% in diverse equities guaranteeing a stable return that is not overly subject to the volatility of the stock market.

However, a portfolio of up to 80% diverse equities may make better financial sense as the opportunity to earn greater debts is increased but if the stock market takes a downturn the investor will still have cash on hand to recoup losses.

If the investment trust can be structured for the long-term – 10 years + – even greater financial risks can potentially be taken which will yield the greatest returns in stable or positive conditions. Successful investments can be exploited for longer and there is also time to regain losses should stock markets suffer a fall. The fact that the natural short-term volatility of stock markets is balanced out over time means that investment trusts …

Concerning Cancer and Plato’s Science of Human Survival

Scientists are telling us that we must stop polluting the oceans with rubbish or face catastrophic consequences. Over two thousand years ago Plato, using geometrical logic, was well ahead of that problem. He replaced fanatical aggressive religious emotion with an evolving ethical emotive mathematics belonging to his axiom that “All is Geometry”. His educational system was specifically designed to gain spiritual scientific access to infinity rather that getting any illusory deity’s permission to do so.

Plato’s atomic ‘Science for Ethical Ends’ was outlined in his ‘The Republic’ to guide an ennobling system of government for the health of the universe. That concept was far greater than stopping the pollution of the oceans. Its specific objective was, that by becoming an integral emotional part of universal wellbeing, civilization would not become extinct. Plato was advocating a medical solution to the problem of tribal compulsion to evolve by developing weaponry. His life’s work is now considered to be the crucial basis for the ethical workings of an infinite living holographic universe.

Plato’s mathematical logic about infinity did not need permission to understand its nature by being subservient to warring gods. He constructed a spiritually ethical scientific map in order to gain understanding about the nature of infinity, to replace the compulsion driving tribes to kill each other. However, Plato’s human survival science’s mathematical logic could not possibly become functional until the biological necessity for tribal science to wage wars of survival became an observable form of a mental cancerous disorder.

When DNA revealed that humans belong to a single species harming itself, tribal science was diagnosed as a form of cancer in 1972. The founding father of the American National Cancer Research Foundation the Nobel Laureate in Medicine, Szent-Gyorgyi, referred to this cancer as being inherited from our Neolithic ancestors.

Many cancer researchers now argue that cancer, being unique to biological systems, is an essential part of the evolution of tribal science but not necessarily part of the evolution of species. Tribal science is associated with the sexual compulsion to destroy life in obedience to the ‘kill or be killed’ survival of the fittest paradigm observed in nature. Male dominance to impregnate females desiring offspring best suited to protect the tribe from other predators led to the evolution of human intellect through the development of weaponry.

The transformation of tribal science to one that will work for all members of the human species is now a medical problem requiring antidote information. Such information is readily available but has been incorrectly classified by tribal medical science as belonging to obsolete junk DNA. This vital non-junk information can be found in human survival communication and information devices recently discovered throughout the entire length of DNA itself.

Plato’s research was destined to become the basis of an atomic science belonging to the workings of a holographic universe. It warned of a far greater threat to civilization than throwing physical rubbish into the sea. Plato referred to a destructive ‘evil’ belonging to the properties of unformed …

The City Of Cardiff – Europe's Youngest Capital

The origin of the name of the city of Cardiff is subject to much ambiguity. Cardiff is the Anglicised version of the Welsh name "Caerdydd". "Caerdydd" is split into two words; "Caer" means' fort, and "Dydd" or "Diff", which is thought by some to refer to the river Taff on which the castle of Cardiff stands. Others, however, take it to refer to the Roman general Didius, who was governor of nearby provinces. Although it is Europe's youngest capital, having only been made the Welsh capital in 1955, the earliest evidence of habituation in Cardiff can be traced all the way back to 600BC, with the European Celts, but it was in AD 75, when the Romans came and built a fort in Cardiff that it became renamed. The relics of a Roman wall can still be found beneath Cardiff Castle. Cardiff was attacked in AD 850 by the Vikings followed by a Norman takeover in the 12th century, and it was the Normans who built the Cardiff Castle, on the same site as the Roman fort.

The following centuries brought no enhancements of Cardiff's fame, although conflicts with English rulers were recurrent, as were foreign attacks by the Saxons and the Irish. The city relied on coal and iron industries like most of South Wales. In 1536 came the First Act of Union which aligned English and Welsh law, and made English the official language, a decision leading to a great deal of conflict until very recently.

The nineteenth century bought with itself the construction of a canal, and the opening of the Taff Vale Railway in 1841, which linked Cardiff with Merthyr Tydfil – the largest iron producing area in the world – enabling goods to be transported in less than an hour. This revolutionized the exportation of Welsh coal and propelled Cardiff to the front of the industry. 1859 saw the opening of the East Dock in Cardiff, augmenting Cardiff's status as a city of trade and industry and causing a steep rise in the population, and by the time it was made a city in 1905 by Edward VII, Cardiff had become a major exporter of coal and the population of Cardiff had risen by nearly 150,000 in the nineteenth century's last decade alone. The early 20th century saw the declination of the coal industry but the building of the civic buildings of Cathays Park such as the City Hall and the National Museum of Wales, which have come to be part of the city's character now.

With the Welsh language having been made official in 1942, Cardiff was designated the Welsh capital in 1955. With the growth of new industries and businesses, the increase in popularity of Cardiff as a university city and the formation of the new Welsh Assembly, Cardiff progressed significantly in the latter decades of the 20th century. The old dock area was transformed, and the new Cardiff Bay consists of various shops, restaurants and bars, giving the waterfront the most festive …

Origin And Development Of Guidance And Counseling Practice In Tanzanian Schools

1.0. Overview

1.1. Background and History of Guidance and Counseling in General in School Practice and other setting

The history of school counseling formally started at the turn of the twentieth century, although a case can be made for tracing the foundations of counseling and guidance principles to ancient Greece and Rome with the philosophical teachings of Plato and Aristotle. There is also evidence to argue that some of the techniques and skills of modern-day guidance counselors were practiced by Catholic priests in the middle ages, as can be seen by the dedication to the concept of confidentiality within the confessional. Near the end of the sixteenth century, one of the first texts about career options appeared: The Universal Plaza of All the Professions of the World, (1626) written by Tomaso Garzoni quoted in Guez, W. & Allen, J. (2000). Nevertheless, formal guidance programs using specialized textbooks did not start until the turn of the twentieth century.

Counseling is a concept that has existed for a long time in Tanzania. We have sought through the ages to understand ourselves, offer counsel and develop our potential, become aware of opportunities and, in general, help ourselves in ways associated with formal guidance practice. In most communities, there has been, and there still is, a deeply embedded conviction that, under proper conditions, people can help others with their problems. Some people help others find ways of dealing with, solving, or transcending problems as Nwoye, (2009) prescribed in his writings. In schools, presently if the collaboration between teachers and students is good, students learn in a practical way. Young people develop degrees of freedom in their lives as they become aware of options and take advantage of them. At its best, helping should enable people to throw off chains and manage life situations effectively. Unprecedented economic and social changes have, over the years, changed the ways in which we manage our lives. Consequently, not all the lessons of the past can effectively deal with the challenges of modern times. Effective counseling, especially in institutions of learning has now become important. Boys and girls, and young men and women, need to be guided in the relationships between health and the environment, earning skills, knowledge, and attitudes that lead to success and failure in life. The need for counseling has become paramount in order to promote the well-being of the child. Effective guidance and counseling should help to improve the self-image of young people and facilitate achievement in life tasks. Counseling should empower girls and boys to participate fully in, and benefit from, the economic and social development of the nation.

2.0. Definitions of Concepts

2.1. Guidance

Guidance is an act of showing the way for some people, like adolescents, who cannot find the right path. It is directing, pointing, leading and accompanying. Guidance is saying “Yes” to someone who is asking for help. It is saying “Yes” to an invitation of someone who wants a temporary companion along life’s way.

Guidance is giving directions to …

Top 10 Dating Statistics Everyone Should Know

While I am a firm believer in fate, destiny, and karma, not everybody is willing to trust in “the stars” to determine their future. You may have wondered to yourself, “What is my chance of finding a mate?” Well, there are various statistics to support the answer to that question, and I have listed several of them below. You may be surprised at some of them, especially the number of people that use online dating.

1. 40 million Americans use online dating services. That’s about 40% of the adult American single population. It’s not just a fad anymore, and it just might be your ticket to finding happiness.

2. 44% of the adult American population is single. That’s over 100 million people, so your odds are actually much better than you think.

3. On average, there are 86 single men to every 100 single women in America. So, the odds are slightly in favor of men finding a mate. This ratio is a bit better in the Southwest, and in warmer climates such as Texas, Florida, and California, the ratio in some cities actually favors the women.

4. 50% of New York state adults are unmarried, making it the best state for single people. Washington, D.C. actually boasts a 70% single rate, making it the best area (although not a state) for single people.

The states with the worst ratios are Idaho and Utah, with 40% and 41% single, respectively.

5. 51% percent of single people surveyed say that flattery is the best way to attract someone. According to Are You Normal About Sex, Love, and Relationships? 25% also say to use touching as a way to flirt is very effective, and a surprising 23% say that the best way to let someone know you’re interested in them is the old schoolyard method of passing word through a friend.

6. Profiles with photos get over twice as many responses. According to economists at MIT and University of Chicago, profiles with photos get over twice as many emails as profiles without them. Sounds like a good enough reason to me to go ahead and put that photo out there on your profile.

7. You have 15 minutes to make a first impression – if you’re a woman, that is. If you’re a man, you have a little more cushion. Women usually take about an hour to decide if you’re going to have a second date.

8. #1 relationship argument is over money – according to a poll by the University of Denver. So, don’t feel too bad if you can’t agree about who’s paying for the date. It’s rather common, and not exactly a foretelling of things to come.

9. 48% of breakups in online relationships occur through email. It may seem rude or insensitive, but this is the world we live in, especially in the setting of an online relationship.

10. Only 2% of men find relationships from a barstool. This number only goes up to 9% for women. So, …

Salary Range and Benefits in Educational Administration

A degree in educational administration and supervision is usually offered at the masters or doctoral level. It can be considered as one of the few degrees that provide the opportunity to have both academic and practical knowledge in relation to public relations and matters in relation to school administration.

Apart from all this, as a qualified individual with an Educational Administration degree you can make a career as education leader in public and private institution or may even enjoy position like principal, mid-level administrator, assistant principal, instructional supervisor and superintendent. Today career in education administration may have its share of challenges, but it even offers generous rewards, job satisfaction along with best salary range that can be beyond any comparison to any other profession.

Choosing an education administration career does not mean having to live economically. The profession is one of the most demanding professions in the United States and may let you enjoy a decent salary. In fact, as per the recent analysis conducted by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics the median annual earnings for elementary and secondary school administrators were at a very comfortable $ 77,740. The statistics even reflected a salary range of $ 67,735 paid to assistant elementary principals while an average salary for high school principals may reach up to $ 92,965. Moreover, preschool and childcare center administrators may earn an average of $ 35,700 a year. Besides this, as per the recent study conducted by the College and University Professional Association for Human Resources, median annual salies for selected administrators in higher education are as follows:

Chief academic officer – $ 140,595

Academic deans:

  • Business- $ 135,080
  • Graduate Programs- $ 120,120
  • Art & Sciences- $ 121,942
  • Education- $ 117,400
  • Occupational studies / voluntary education- $ 83,000

Neverheless, it is important to note that the salaries of education administrators also depend upon the several other factors, including the location and enrollment level in the school or school district. Enjoy a profession of educational administration also let you enjoy the position accompanied by generous benefit packages. Most of the generous benefits include comprehensive health and pension plans along with four to six weeks of vacation and performance-based bonuses. Moreover, many universities and colleges also offer tuition waivers for employees and their families.

In next few years the employment opportunities for educational administrators are expected to grow at an average rate. Tough the opportunities may vary by region of the country, but with the increase in job opportunities and ratio of educational administrators the salary range is definitely expected to boost in next few years in the United States. …

Ohio State University (OSU) Buckeyes Football National Championships Won – 7 Total

The Ohio State University (OSU) Buckeyes football program has won a total of seven national championships during the 110 year history of the prestigious college football program. Since kicking off their first season in 1890 the Buckeyes have amassed an impressive 819-308-53 all-time record which equates to winning more than 71% of their games through the 2009 season. Chief among those 819 victories are the seven wins that secured the title of national champion.

The seven OSU national championships occurred in the following seasons:

  • 1942
  • 1954
  • 1957
  • 1961
  • 1968
  • 1970
  • 2002

The first national championship was won by head coach Paul Brown in 1942. For the 1942 season the Buckeyes went an impressive 6-1 in the Big Ten Conference while finishing the season with an overall record of 9-1 for their first national title.

Woody Hayes has a commanding lead for the most national titles by any Ohio State coach. The legendary Woody Hayes is credited with winning five separate national championships for the seasons of 1954, 1957, 1961, 1968, and 1970.

OSU claims a national championship for the 1970 season despite the fact that the team lost its final game of the year when it played the Stanford Cardinal in the Rose Bowl. Despite the fact that the widely accepted Associated Press declared the University of Nebraska the top team in the nation Buckeye fans still count the 1970 season as a national championship because of the National Football Foundation (NFF) declared Ohio State University as the best team in the country at the conclusion of the season. In the modern era the NCAA has moved towards the more universally accepted Bowl Championship Series (BCS) to crown consensus national champions in a sport where the best team at the end of the season has historically been a matter up for debt.

The most recent Ohio State national championship came in 2002 when head coach Jim Tressel lead his squad to a thrilling victory over the University of Miami Hurricanes in the Fiesta Bowl. Miami was an 11.5 point favorite going into the game and OSU pulled off the upset in Tempe, Arizona by scoring a touchdown in the second overtime to win by a final score of 31-24.

The Buckeyes competed in national championship games again following the 2006 and 2007 seasons. On both occasions OSU came up well short against Southeast Conference (SEC) opponents in the University of Florida and LSU.

While the 2009 season did not produce an eighth national championship it did conclude with a sound victory in the Rose Bowl. The 26-17 win over the University of Oregon Ducks on New Year's Day of 2010 broke a streak of three consecutive tough post season losses for Ohio State. …