11 Lesser Known Facts About Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur, born in 1822, was a French scientist. He went on to become a Chemistry professor and made quite a lot of discoveries. Popularly known as Chemist and Microbiologist, he is known for his tremendous contribution to the field of science. He is known for his work in Vaccination, Pasteurization and Fermentation processes. Here are some interesting facts which throw light on his work as a scientist:

1. Pasteurization

Louis Pasteur came up with one of the most important discoveries of the pasteurization process. He found that when we heat milk, all the germs inside it get killed and this way we can have a safer way to drink and use milk. This process saved people from getting sick.

2. Study Graph of Louis

Louis started with school where he was an average student. But instead he was a gifted artist. He loved to draw and paint. He went on to acquire a doctorate degree and later became a professor of Chemistry and teacher dean faculty at Lille University.

3. “Vaccination”

He was the one who came up with the word of “Vaccination” as we know it today. He worked tremendously to find cure for many of the diseases by providing vaccination for it.

4. Changed Medicine

He came up with vaccines for cholera, small pox, anthrax and rabies and saved many lives. His rabies vaccination in the year 1885 saved a life of a boy who was the first one to get it.

5. Left-Handed and Right-Handed people

In a rather fascinating theory, Louis discovered how people are either left handed or right handed because of the molecules present in each individual, which are twisted in either of that direction. Wow!!

6. He had OCD for germs

Louis was known for his OCD. In order to find out things about diseases, he never shook hands with anybody even with royalty. He was too scared to catch diseases and infections. Guess knowing too much makes you like this!

7. He was Responsible for happiness- Beer and Wine

The fermentation process was introduced and discovered by Louis, he was responsible for making beer. He said that juices can be converted into wines and beer. He truly is responsible for our happiness!

8. Paris Pasteur Institute

In the year 1887, he founded Pasteur Institute in Paris and he remained the director of the institute till his death. Also his mortals’ remains lie in the building and a tomb was built in his memory.

9. Brain Stroke didn’t stop him

In 1868, Louis suffered a really bad brain stroke which made him partly paralyzed. But his dedication and passion kept him going for his research nevertheless.

10. “Legion of Honor”

For all the great work, Louis did, he was honored with esteemed French order of “Legion of Honor”. The Grand Croix tittle was given to him, which recognized all his contribution to the world of science.

11. He found true reasons for diseases

Initially people believed that diseases get generated spontaneously but …

How to Become an Orthodontist in Ontario

Becoming an orthodontist in Ontario requires 10 years of post secondary education.

– 4 year Bachelor of Science

– 4 year Dentistry School

– 2 year Graduate School of Orthodontics

An aspiring orthodontist must first complete a four year Bachelor of Science degree ensuring that all pre-requisite courses for dental school are completed. Individual pre-requisite courses may vary by school but generally include the core sciences including biology, chemistry, physics, physiology, biochemistry and organic chemistry courses. Interested applicants are advised to check individual school websites for requirements as different schools may have different requirements.

After completion (or for some schools, while undertaking) a Bachelor of Science undergraduate degree, an individual may sit for a DAT test (Dental Aptitude Test) administered by the Canadian Dental Association and apply to a School of Dentistry.

Upon admission into a School of Dentistry in Ontario, the student must successfully complete four years of further education which would enable them to become a practicing dentist.

In Ontario, getting acceptance into a School of Dentistry is very competitive. As a result, it’s not uncommon for students to go abroad to the US or UK to peruse their dentistry degrees.

Upon completion of a four year dentistry program, students can choose to apply to the Graduate School of Orthodontics in a Canadian school (ex: University of Western Ontario). This application process is highly selective and only the best candidates are given acceptance into the program which entails a final two years of education.

As you can see, Orthodontists go through many years of education in order to have the qualifications and skills required to treat patients.

List of Canadian Dentistry School for Prospective Students:

– Dalhousie University, Faculty of Dentistry

– McGill University, Faculty of Dentistry

– University of Alberta, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry

– University of British Columbia, Faculty of Dentistry

– University of Manitoba, Faculty of Dentistry

– University of Saskatchewan, College of Dentistry

– University of Toronto, Faculty of Dentistry

– University of Western Ontario, School of Dentistry

– Université de Montréal, Faculté de médecine dentaire

– Université Laval, Faculté de médecine dentaire…

Omar Mmubango – Expertise in Pharmaceutical Industry

Omar Mmubango owns Resources Corporation, a firm that provides both short and long-term Regulatory Affairs assets and to the pharmaceutical industry. As Regulatory Affairs executive, he developed, composed and executed method that standardized assessment processes of the sections of medicine application documents. Moreover, he authored control affirmation, modify, and manage protocols, and also a method for improving all six methods. Structured on his expert success he really offers his full time and even his determination in the direction of his job and in a position to allow an guidance and expertise on those who desires to know further on what he achieved in life.

He provides what he can contribute to the Pharmaceutical Industry and in a position to make it more powerful and with unity in the direction of the sector. He could generate this better and better with his aid to a powerful willpower towards his move in life. Not just through his career but also he is a humanitarian and an environmentalist. His assist to the community never ends to his profession thus it proceeds with a better concept through his advocacy on community organizations that he is a member of. He wants to inspire every individual to be aside of it. Preserving our surroundings clean and supporting human race is a greater contribution.

What do you know about him with his accomplishment and knowledge it is very remarkable. With his school instruction form University of Minnesota and finished Bachelor’s degree on Chemistry, likewise completed in an identical University on B.A. Public Health Affairs. And he has a Bachelor’s degree on Agricultural Science – Food Science and Technology in Wisconsin University and with a non-degree program on Pharmacology Toxicology.

He owns a little business that actually seems to be over the world of pharmaceutical sector that offers consulting work for those who wants to possess the understanding and expand further his comprehension to it. Through his occupation or work he never forget to have a helping hand, he is likewise a board member of a neighborhood organization in the direction of his advocacy on environmental pollution and the humanitarian cause from his neighborhood and across the globe. He is a man full of hopes and goals to be achieve.…

10 Reasons Education Law is So Important

If you work in a school or other education establishment then you might already be aware of why education law is playing such an important role in modern education.

Here’s what you need to know

1.    Schools are just as accountable and responsible as other businesses, and have to meet the same sort of regulations.

2.    Compliance with relevant education laws and government policies is essential, and an experienced education solicitor can make sure that your school or university isn’t breaking any laws.

3.    Your school will be dealing with many suppliers, and will be buying lots of goods and services.  Education law can also help you make sure that the contracts you negotiate and sign are legal, and in your best interests.

4.    Unfortunately pupil discipline is becoming more of an issue in modern education.  It is important that you know what you can and can’t do to discipline your pupils.

5.    Charity law can also apply to schools if they received donations or funding.  By knowing how to deal with the paperwork and legal implications involved, you can make sure that you stay on the right side of the law.

6.    Estate management is another important area of education.  Perhaps you are considering buying or selling land for the school, or want help when hiring contractors.

7.    Like in other sectors, it is important to remember that construction, planning and environmental laws also apply to schools too.  If you’re in the process of having a new wing built, or wanting to make more of your playing fields, you’ll need to make sure that the plans are legal.

8.    Employment law still applies in schools, so that you’ll need to make sure that all of your employees are treated fairly so as not to breach employment laws.

9.    When recruiting new staff, you might additional skills to be verified, or checks to be carried out.  An education solicitor will be able to help ensure that your recruitment process is up to date and legal.

10.    Health and Safety issues and schools always seem to be in the news, and often for the wrong reasons, so it’s important that your staff know exactly how lessons should be carried out, cleaning should be done, and how any other potential hazards can be identified and minimised to reduce the risk of injury or disease to pupils and staff.

Now you know more how important knowing about and adhering to relevant education laws is, perhaps it’s time for you to make sure your policies and procedures comply with Education Law.…

Acquisition of Library Materials, a Review of Some Related Literature

Universal availability of publications

Kemp (1990) lamentably noted that insufficient attention has been given by private organizations, governments or bilateral and international development agencies to the proposal of making document provision a priority in poor countries. Raising the awareness of the importance of reading in particular is very important if they are to assign adequate resources to this vital area of activity.

Line (1990) observed that the battle for availability of publications which has just begun in some countries will hardly be over in this age of information explosion. The concepts of universal availability of publications and universal bibliographic control are attributed to the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions which were part of the core programme. By comparison with the less developed parts of the world, the developed countries like Britain have a near perfect situation.

In Sierra Leone, the picture is a gloomy one. This could be attributed to the absence of union catalogues and the lack of enforcement of the legal deposit legislation. In its literal sense, the aim of the universal availability of publications is very difficult to achieve as students and researchers fail to obtain books, journals or research reports within the time necessary.

Read (1990) re-echoed the fact that many developing countries are under-supplied with textbooks and other reading materials. In order to buttress this assertion, he cited the situation in Zaire, Madagascar and China. He believed the advent of aid-funded text book projects has ameliorated the situation in developing countries. He took a very positive stand based on studies which showed significant increase in availability.

Universal bibliographic control

Ochola (1984) noted that universal bibliographic control is an aspect of development. A major problem identified was the mission of bibliographic compilation from the priorities drawn up by the colonial administration in Kenya. The Kenya National Bibliography could therefore be seen as a creation and it is in an embryonic stage.

Kwei (1988) gave a more specific treatment when he cited the situation in a developing country like Ghana where a lot of constraints are encountered in the attempt to provide excellent bibliographic services. Among problems identified are the lack of money, shortage of professional librarians, and union catalogues, government and public apathy to bibliographical work, lack of transportation facilities and the developing stage of publishing, printing and the book trade. All is not lost. In order to improve the situation, the bibliographic agency could form part of the national bibliography. Ghanaians must be current and should not be left behind in the forward march to take information to those who need it.

Otike (1989) clearly supported the value of currency of information if bibliographic data is to be fully effective. Any national bibliography which is in arrears cannot hope to meet this challenge. Among problems identified in Kenya are the current state of publishing, enforcement of the legal deposit legislation and the production of the Kenya National Bibliography. These problems can only be solved by the co-operative efforts of information workers, publishers, printers …

East Carolina University Pirates Nickname Explained

The East Carolina University pirates have both a nickname and a name that confuses many folks that are not familiar with the Greenville, North Carolina school. The confusion with regards to the name arises from the fact that while there are two very well-known Carolinas in the United States (North Carolina and South Carolina) a geographer could scour an atlas all day and never find an East Carolina. The truth of the matter is that the institution of higher education today commonly known as East Carolina University (ECU for short) began as the East Carolina Teachers Training School back in 1907 with a mission statement to serve the eastern portion of North Carolina. A quick glance at a map of North Carolina reveals that Greenville is located in the eastern half of the state (although some might argue that it is as centrally located as it is eastern).

With a grasp on the geographical basis behind the name origin many curious onlookers question the relevance of the nickname the Pirates because most landlubbers have no recollection of Greenville, North Carolina being a safe haven for pirates the last time anyone checked. The truth of the matter is that pirates have been associated with North Carolina for centuries. Those not familiar with this fact are encouraged to brush up on their pirate knowledge. As it turns out one of the most notorious pirates to ever sail the seven seas hailed from North Carolina. Edward Teach, better known as Blackbeard the pirate, was an English pirate that ran amuck up and down the Carolina coast from 1712 until he died battling for his life in 1718. Among the spots the famed pirate frequented were the coastal communities of Beaufort, Ocracoke, and Bath. In fact, many other pirates used the shallow waters around the North Carolina coast to avoid capture by authorities looking to put an end to illicit pirating activities.

In an effort to pay homage to the rich history of the area (however violent and illegal it might have been) East Carolina University has not only proudly called themselves the Pirates since 1983 but the school has even gone so far as to designate a specific fictional pirate by the name of PeeDee the Pirate as its official mascot. In the true spirit of historical accuracy the cartoonish mascot with an oversized head that roams the sidelines at football games has a full black beard that resembles the most famous area pirate (Blackbeard) that inspired the character’s creation. The name PeeDee is a local reference to the river by the same name (Pee Dee River) that runs through South Carolina and North Carolina. The river is actually named after the Native American Pee Dee tribe that once called the area home. To bring the story full circle historical evidence suggests that pirates often setup camp along the Pee Dee River during the eighteenth century when the vicinity was flush with pirates.

Despite an area now free of dangerous pirates East Carolina …

Availing Premedical Courses

Students in the pre-medical courses have the opportunity to meet their educational goals at a world-class university. The program admits post-baccalaureate students seeking the laboratory science courses in biology, general and organic chemistry and physics required for the application to most medical, dental, veterinary, and related professional schools. The careers of Pre-medical courses provide a better scope to the interested students to get the numerous leadership positions within the organization allow students the opportunity to enhance their leadership skills for their future profession.

Education requirements

It is designed for students who have sufficient level of English but lack the knowledge of medicine related subjects. After completing the program they have the opportunity to apply for University admission. The Pre-Medical Program provides a smooth adaptation year for all the newcomers. You will meet international students from different cultures in small-size groups. You will get adapted to an independent way of life and you will learn how to prepare yourself for oral and written exams. There is no limit on the time frame during which the courses must be completed, but if you have been out of school for a few years, it is strongly recommended that you have some recent science coursework to demonstrate that you can still do well in a classroom setting.

Duration of the Course

The Pre-medical courses are the one mostly pursued by the interested aspirants to kick start off the career in the field of medical sciences. The duration of the course is mostly from 2 to 3 years which mostly provide you with a degree of Diploma in the field of medical sciences.

Subjects in the Pre-medical Courses

• Physics

• Anatomy

• Biochemistry

• General Biology

• General chemistry

• Genetics

• Biochemistry

Characteristics of a pre-medical aspirant

• Volunteer and job shadow in a variety of medical settings and specialties throughout the college and reputed university career (i.e. primary care physicians, specialties of interest, rural and urban settings, community clinics, dental centers, mission trips abroad, etc.).

• Be actively involved with activities demonstrating social conscience, compassion, and personal character to reflect to prove him.

• Show leadership ability to prove him in the course learning.

• Be active members of the college.

• Develop an ability to communicate with a variety of people in a variety of ways (i.e. written, verbal, non-verbal, technological, etc.) to develop his/her skills.

• Demonstrate the ability to effectively managing time.

Colleges and Universities

There are many medical and pre-medical colleges and universities helping the medical aspirants to get the career of the pre-medical course and to develop a sense of leadership skills and the best of medical specialties so that the medical candidate can sunshine in the colleges and universities. A pre-medical candidate is required to bestow best of quality education from the reputed teachers and professor to help the aspirant get the good grades so that he can outrage his/her career ahead in the form of the medical officer and other higher position.

In my view, …

Why It’s Probably Not Worth Going to University Any More

I’ve been thinking recently, if I was a fresh-faced 18-year-old just out of college with my whole life ahead of me and pondering what to do next, would I go to university? The answer is probably not!

Before I explain, I must insert a disclaimer here that this does not mean that I don’t recommend anyone else to, neither does it rule out me sending my future kids to university. However, as a university graduate of 2004, the more I think about going to university today, the more I find myself wondering what exactly is the point?

My first issue with this age-old institution is the very modern practice of excessively high university fees.

A tax on knowledge?

As of next year, university tuition fees will be rising to a maximum of £9,000 which doesn’t include living expenses, cost of books, and all the other associated costs of student life – it is no wonder the latest UCAS figures show the biggest fall in university applications in more than 30 years!

How it is justifiable to fine, sorry charge, people whopping amounts to educate themselves is completely beyond me. Surely this is some kind of stealth tax on knowledge? From the parent perspective, I can imagine how massive a financial burden this must be, especially where there is more than one university-ready child in the household. These ludicrous fees may well see the UK go down the same route as China in future by adopting a one child policy to keep things affordable.

Forget uni, try YouTube instead!

The second reason I’m somewhat anti-university for now is that thanks to the internet, the world of learning has opened up in so many different and exciting ways that you can pretty much teach yourself anything you want by simply watching YouTube or scouring the pages of Google.

Unlike the somewhat restricted curriculum of a university module, self-taught subjects can be as varied as you like and as long or short as you like, and the best part is most of these online resources are free or low cost so you can save your university fees for your mortgage down payment instead. Also this way, you get to teach yourself subjects that actually affect your day-to-day life such as how to plan and achieve goals, manage your finances, develop a “winning” mindset and so on…

Branson didn’t go uni… and look where it got him

Entrepreneurship is not for the fainthearted but the truth is that it’s becoming more and more of an attractive option for young people who can’t find a job in today’s climate. It makes sense – if some big boss somewhere won’t give you a job, simply create your own!

Richard Branson didn’t go to university and look where it got him; neither did Ingvar Kamprad – the guy who founded IKEA, Simon Cowell who needs no explanation, and countless other entrepreneurs who are today living their own version of “the dream” without first obtaining letters after their …

Education – Your Passport to Success

Never underestimate the importance of education when it comes to getting the job of your dreams. Some people know exactly what they want to be when they “grow up” where as other take time to decide what career that they want to follow.

Getting good grades at High school is imperative to get a place on the course that you want to go on at University but if you don’t it is not the end of the world as re-sits are available to you or you can take access courses that will plump up your grades and help you to gain a place on the University course that you want to take.

There is of course another option when it comes to education – on the job training. This is where an employer takes on an employee on a low ranked position where they will work their way up the ranks going on courses as they go to enable them to eventually take on a position of a higher rank. This option does take years to achieve but it also allows you to understand and appreciate the effort that the “lower” ranked jobs go through allowing you to be a better manager, supervisor or person of authority and standing.

So when you weigh your options up, what should you do? Well, it all depends on what you want the end result to be. Choosing to plan your future based on the goals and ideals that you would like to achieve can be very helpful as it allows you to take an in depth look at the time scale you will need to achieve your dream job on the different routes that you can take. It allows you to decide on trips you may want to take; gap-years you may want to back pack on and allow time to financial plan. Education in some areas cost more than others so making sure you are able to be financially capable of completing your education is important if you are unable to obtain a funding source.

During you time being educated you may find that another interest begins to interest you and if you feel the pull enough to want to change your goal as your desire for success comes from a different field then sit down and re-evaluate your plans, take a long hard look at them and change them if it will gain you more happiness through this new goal.

The same reasoning applies as nothing in life can be expected at all times, sometimes life just happens and you may need to change your plans for those reasons that are beyond your control, the most common of these are personal reasons.

But never lose your way no matter what happens to you in your life as every experience is important and life experience cannot be taught in any classroom. Blips happen in the road but how you get to your eventual successful job is by keeping your dreams alive.…

University of Virginia (UVA) Cavaliers – Nickname Explained

The University of Virginia Cavaliers share a nickname with the Cleveland Cavaliers NBA franchise but that is where the similarities end. The explanation for the University of Virginia Cavaliers nickname actually involves a story of historical significance to the region.

Located in Charlottesville, Virginia the school with a total student population of close to 20,000 is often referred to simply as UVA for short (based on the post office state abbreviation VA for Virginia). The orange and navy blue now worn by the Cavaliers first went into effect in 1888 when athletic teams representing the college used to square off with local YMCA teams for lack of more formal competition. Many people are interested to learn that in the earliest days of collegiate athletics playing games against local YMCA groups was the norm all over the country. In fact, the University of Kentucky basketball program that currently has the most wins of any college team in history began their success with a single victory in the 1903 season against a YMCA squad (the UK team finished a disappointing 1-2 in that first season).

The origin of the Cavaliers nickname comes from what was going on in this region of the world during the seventeenth century when England was involved in a civil war that pitted supporters of the Parliamentary system of government against King Charles I who asserted absolute power in terms of rule. The use of the word Cavalier predates the formation of the United States of America with a very similarly spelled version of the word being used by William Shakespeare in his famed Henry IV play. Shakespeare chose the word to describe a swashbuckler who was not unlike the current University of Virginia mascot that is a sword wielding fellow on horseback. Before being penned by Shakespeare in the final years of the sixteenth century the historic nature of the word Cavaliers dates back to the Spanish word caballeros (translation: horseman) which is actually a derivation of the Latin term caballarius -which has a similar meaning as the Spanish term.

With a solid foundation of the etymology behind the term Cavaliers it is important to understand how it relates to the Virginia program in Charlottesville. Before the days of the American Revolutionary War the modern day state of Virginia was known as the Commonwealth of Virginia. The Commonwealth of Virginia had a reputation of being home to a great many loyalists that were very supportive of the British Crown. When the University of Virginia officially took on the name the Virginia Cavaliers in 1923 it was to pay homage to a bygone era when during the tumultuous seventeenth century British Civil War the good people of the Commonwealth of Virginia aligned themselves with the Royalist supporters who were often referred to as Cavaliers.

The next time you are watching the University of Virginia Cavaliers square off against the University of North Carolina Tar Heels (the oldest rivalry in the South – dating back to 1892) feel free …