Science is Admitting When You Are Wrong

Have you ever noticed that folks get amnesia; it includes you and me,

when we have to say, the results are in, and I was wrong.

Neuroscientists go against type (Homo sapiens), and immediately publish

to the world when their research indicates they are on the wrong side

of the issue.

It does not matter how ancient and venerated the principle, these guys

find the biggest and baddest Journal and go public with the new findings faulting

their previous thinking.

It occurred recently for the treatment for ulcers, the two Australians got the Nobel. They were wrong about neurogenesis, growth of new brain cells, and neuroplasticity, changes in the function and structure of the brain.

Even the Federal Drug Administration admitted in 2007 some of their drug approvals were killing (heart attacks) the users.

For about three centuries the pro forma principle behind human decision-making, according to the international scientific community, was labeled cognitive, based on a reasoning Cost-Benefit-Analysis.

Philosophers and scientists agreed it separated us from other species, and played out in the advancements of western civilization. We think and act, and are not the puppets of our emotions and instincts.

Decision-Making

Professors Antonio and Hanna Damasio, in the year 2,000, while at the University of Iowa College of Medicine, published an article called Emotion, Decision Making and

the Orbitofrontal cortex.

They opposed the iconic vision of Homo sapiens as the embodiment of logic, reason and analysis, by what they called the Somatic Market Hypothesis. It is a fancy name

for adding your right-brain emotions and feelings to your left-brain reasoning skills.

The Damasios go on to propose emotions are represented by changes in your body state. For the geniuses: specifically two areas in your brain; your somatosensory cortex and your orbitofrontal cortex.

Who Cares

First, emotions and instincts occur through your right brain, and are at a non-conscious level (no awareness).

Second, your mental imagery is deeply involved in decision-making. When you

are beset by negative images, you decide differently than when your mental movies

are positive and offer successful reinforcement. Remember, images precede your

feelings and emotions, and result in different behaviors. Think about it.

One more once. Your orbitofrontal cortex is the basis of your reasoning,

logic and lineal Cost-Benefit Analysis. But it is only one piece of the jigsaw

puzzle.

Amygdala

It is your Amygdala, located in the Limbic system of your brain,

and responsible for your emotions and feelings, plus your somatosensory/insula

cortices,and peripheral nervous system, that are the other critical

structures for decision making. It is left and right brain integration.

When you say humans are reasoning creatures, I think, therefore I am, (according to Decartes), you quote the science of yesterday. The Damasios were the first to focused on the relationship between emotion, decision making and working memory.

They feared not the wrath of the scientific establishment in contradicting

the undisputed knowledge of a up to three centuries of science. They chose to destroy the myth of human cognition as the core …

Do You Know These CRITICAL Signs of Online Degree Frauds?

Very few people would disagree that online education is now becoming a very lucrative business. As it continues to grow scammers are not having a field day cheating honest and desperate people out of their hard-earned money.

If you are interested in online degree you should be careful so as not to fall for these many online type of degree scams. The scammers that sell fake online kind of degree programs and degrees send millions of emails and even pay good money to advertise their dubious offers.

Many people have fallen victims of these kinds of online degree scams and have lost thousands of dollars in the process. Apart from the thousands of dollars they have also wasted their time, only to find out months or even years later that they had been scammed.

If you want to prevent falling for such scams, below are some of the common signs of such degree scams:

– Be wary of any online type degree site that allow you to negotiate your GPA and tuition fees.

– Be wary of any online kind of degree site that also allows you to pay for honors design, such as all flavors of cum laude).

– Be wary of any online degree site that require payment or a resume listing work experience, without any coursework.

– Be wary of any online or internet degree site that charge you tuition on a per-degree basis.

– Be wary of any online type of degree site that has names that are knock-offs of well-known colleges and universities.

Such fraudulent online degree awarding sites have sold fake degrees and diplomas to thousands of people. According to a recent article on MSN, "The largest, by far, is called the 'San Moritz Group' since 'University of San Moritz' was the first of the 12 names that they used (others: Harrington, Shelbourne, Glencullen, Palmers Green, Kingsfield), "says Bear, who, from 1979 to 1990, was also a consultant to an FBI task force on degree mills.

"I have reliable information (from a person who works there) that they have sold 70,000 diplomas, including medical, in four years, with revenues of more than $ 150 million." The group churns out 5 million to 10 million e-mails a week and has sold about 70,000 degrees over the last four years, he says.

Do not fall for such online degree scams. Any time you receive an email spam promising you "University Diplomas / Bachelor degree in 30 days or less" simply delete the email because it is nothing more than an online or internet degree scam!

Follow the above tips and use your common sense before enrolling for or paying for any online degree program or online degree. …

Photo 101: Why You Should Choose an Online Education

Traditional universities and colleges are never going to disappear, however it's easy to see why more and more people are heading to cyberspace for their education. While online education requires students to be self-disciplines, organized and tech-savvy, it is possible for students to get a good education without ever setting foot in a traditional classroom.

Here are five reasons why you should consider an online education.

1. Flexibility

Taking online courses are great for people who need to work, but still want to earn a college degree. Online universities are flexible for students who have other commitments (like work or family). Students can 'attend' class while the kids are napping, on a lunch break or on the road for business. Online classes are great because you are not required to be in a classroom three nights a week at 6 pm sharp for the next 4 years of your life – but you can still get the same level of education. Do not be fooled, just because you do not have to go to class does not mean you do not have to work. You still have to do the work, you just get to decide when and where you do it.

2. Pace Yourself

Another advantage of online education is the ability for students to work at their own pace. E-learning generally focuses on student-centered learning, making it up to you to decide how you learn best. You can study at the same time each day for a set time, or you can use the course chat boards to talk to other students and your instructors. The chat boards are really nice for students who are timid and do not speak up in class. For some reason, it's easier to express yourself via chat.

3. Save Money

Most online education programs actually charge less than traditional universities. Take some time to look around the Internet and you'll discover online classes are inexpensive compared to regular college programs. Because online education is so much cheaper, when you finish your education you will not have to be laden with huge student loans like most college students. Getting an online education can actually save you lots of money.

4. No Commute

Not only can you save money in your coursework by pursuing an online education, you also save tons of money and hours driving yourself to and from school each day. One of the best things about online education is getting to learn from the comfort of your home – sweats and all. So, no more stressing about being to your 7 am class on time, instead, sleep in and study when you wake up. You'll also save money on eating out for those 'convenience meals,' childcare and gas. Paying your monthly Internet bill is a small price to pay for your college education.

5. Unlimited Options

There is nothing worse than decided more than anything I want to be (insert your dream profession here) when I grow up, then discovering your …

How to Become an Orthodontist

Images of picture-perfect smiles complete with straight, even, white teeth are often as a result of the work of an orthodontist. Regular dentist visits to fill cavities, check for healthy gums and professionally clean teeth provide us with great oral care, but, in some cases additional care is necessary. Orthodontists specialize in treating irregularities and abnormalities of the jaw and teeth which may necessitate the use of braces, headgear or specialty pieces to align the teeth and achieve facial balance. Becoming one of these specialized dentists is a process that involves a few critical steps and the passion to provide excellence in oral care and hygiene for patients.

One of the first steps to becoming an orthodontist involves acquiring a 4-year Baccalaureate degree. This four year degree should ideally be in pre-medicine or nursing as the courses that are usually required to obtain said degrees contain a variety of science courses as well as generic requirements that will help boost GPA as well as prepare you for admissions into a dentistry program. Be sure to research your Dental school of choice before determining your Bachelor's degree. Courses in Biology, Physics, Psychology, English and other language courses are recommended to include in your degree program. Depending on the program you are looking to enter after your Bachelor's degree, community service or volunteer hours are also a good thing to include during your academic career as these will set your application apart from others. Taking other supplementary courses to boost your GPA is also recommended during your program.

Once you have completed your Bachelor's degree, you will need to study for and take a Dental Aptitude Test. Similar to the MCAT's for medical students the DAT is an entrance requirement for any Dental school you apply for that measures your skills and knowledge in dentistry. Be sure to research schools before applying as each school will have specific admissions requirements and deadlines to adhere to in order to gain acceptance. Check your local library or university library for a copy of a previous DAT exam to get an idea of ​​what will be on the examination and what to study for. Bookstores often carry tests as well that you can purchase, located in the reference sections. Flashcards may also help you study for this all important test.

The next step in becoming an orthodontist is the successful completion of a 4-year graduate degree in Dental School. Once you have completed this program, you will have obtained a Doctor in Dental Medicine or Dental Surgery allowing you to specialize in multiple post-graduate programs including Orthodontics. (Some schools require a separate Masters Degree in a specialization in order to be considered for a specialty study in Orthodontics.) This final program in Orthodontic Specialties differs from school to school and may contain various research and teaching components as well as surgical residencies to complete the program. After you have completed this final specialty program generally lasting 2-3 years, you will need to apply for design …

Practicing English Abroad – Without Having to Pay!

Whenever the advantages of learning an advanced degree in an English-speaking country are stated, "improving my English skills" and "practicing my English" always rank high among them. But, as the experience of many a foreign student has shown, practicing – let alone improving – your English is, as the English saying goes, "easier said than done."

Understandably, many students studying abroad gravitate toward students from their own country or region, both for greater ease of conversation as well as to be with others who understand their cultural perspective. Valuable as such friends are, they often get in the way of using English and refining the skills, speaking and listening in particular.

Furthermore, a lack of confidence inhibits many foreign students from putting them forward in English. Even when they have the confidence and willingness, students from other countries often do not know how – and where – to create situations outside the classroom in which they're likely to learn English by using it. The following suggestions, some of them familiar and obvious, others more novel, come from clever students who have found ways to make the most of their time in the English-speaking world.

All of them agree that making as many native English-speaking friends as possible is the most helpful thing of all. That does not necessarily mean living with native speakers, but if you can – in a dormitory or shared house, apartment or flat situation – you're sure to get your English up to comfortable speaking, listening and general comprehension standards at the fastest rate , having the most fun in the process.

English-speaking students are as interested in making friends with people from other countries as you are in getting to know them. Many of them have not traveled extensively outside their home countries or continents – and are as aware as you are of the value of getting experience experience of the ways people from other cultures think and interact.

A good thing to avoid in making native-speaker friends is not to suggest spending time together so that you can practice your English. Even though it is part of what you want from the interaction, it is only part, and it sounds less appealing to native speakers than simply asking to go out for coffee or some other appropriate means of getting to know someone. It sounds like there is work or effort involved on the part of the native speaker.

In fact, the people you approach with the idea of ​​"practicing your English" are less like to decline your invitation because they are unwilling to be helpful than they are to feel that they are not "qualified" to teach and may have a negative late than a positive influence on your English. The reality is that no matter how they speak English, they have something to teach you, since, as native speakers, they are examples of the kinds of English speakers you can expect to encounter in your later, professional or personal life.

Beyond …

Personal Change Management – It Starts When You Finished Your Career

Only a limited number of careers and the people that finished these will do exactly what is in line with the expectation of the career. For example:
You study medicine, follow a specialization and you finish as a surgeon. You work as a surgeon most of your life. Even if you would switch your practice to another country, your job – being a surgeon – will be much the same.

The same holds true for the accountant, the architect, the programmer, the coach (sports) or the engineer.
But the surgeon could also become the director of a hospital. After years of service this would be a logical next step. Even though the management of health institutions has been professionalized, the possibility still exists.

And, the engineer could become the manager of the engineering department, the programmer could become the manager of the development team or the salesman could become an entrepreneur.
Basically change starts with or after we finish school or university. You have studied to be employed in a certain direction, but after "tasting" the real thing you could very well switch and refocus on new opportunities.

For some it starts even earlier. They do not know what to do later on and they study something "randomly." Law is always a good starting point you can use this background in almost any job.

And then it is all up to you. How well do you know what you want and where you are heading to? That is basically what change is all about.

© 2006 Hans Bool …

Seven International Educational Qualifications That Matter

The Internationalization of Education has meant that even in the more remote regions of the World, Students can take an internationally recognized Test. A Test that allows them to qualify and compete on an equal level, with other students, Internally.As the World gets smaller with online educational tools and testing, this trend should continue, standardizing an International Education for anyone, no matter were they live.

1. CIPAT

CIPAT is a Primary Education program launched by Cambridge from the UK. This program Internationalizes basic primary qualifications in the Sciences, English and Mathematics. Cambridge in recent years are continuing expanding their testing centers to many countries outside the UK.

2. CHECKPOINT

CHECKPOINT is a secondary Educational program launched by Cambridge for Secondary students. CHECKPOINT primarily offers an International qualification in the Sciences, English, Mathematics and other subjects.

3. IELTS

IELTS is one of the more popular English programs for Students who want to study in an English speaking Country at College level. IELTS covers standard, ongoing subjects that Students in a College may have to cover in their studies. IELTS does not offer a passing grade, only a score based on a Test delivered in your home Country. This score is often a compulsory requirement to enter certain Colleges, and Universities around the world.

4. TOEFL iBT

TOEFL iBT is an International Test that American based Educational Institutes recognize, which is score based. TOEFL iBT Test Centers are located throughout the World, and the Test itself is online. In recent years students prefer IELTS, citing more Countries recognize it as an International qualification.

5 IFB Courses

In many cases students outside English speaking Countries who are accepted into an English speaking College or University, still have to take a compulsory foundation course before they start their first year at University. Many internationally recognized IFB courses are available in their home countries, as many colleges and universities expand internationally.

6. TAFE

Australia is one of the more popular Countries for qualified Immigrants. TAFE is an Australian based Trade rather than academic qualification. TAFE courses have expanded outside Australia, and qualify skilled people for non-academic jobs.

7. GMAT

In order to qualify to take an MBA in some Countries, Students need to take a GMAT course to 'qualify' for admission to a traditional University or College. GMAT is score based, and the score determines what College could accept you.Many of these International qualifications have expanded through the years to become net based, and even based in emerging Countries around the World. Education has globalized, and with these qualifications creates an International standard in Education.

A standard that allows students in emerging Countries to qualify on the same footing as students in more developed countries, creating an emerging Internationalization of traditional Education once only based on local Education, rather than internationally. …

Fun With Boston Tourism

If you are one of the lucky travelers that are going to visit Boston, this article is ready made for you to have immense fun in Boston! Boston is the capital of Massachusetts and is referred to unofficially as "Capital of New England." Boston is a fun place to vacation due to its exceptionally important cultural and historical makeup.

The city is nicknamed " Beantown " and it is still considered and remembered in history books as the site of the "Boston Tea Party." It is a historically exceedingly important city!

Culture

The city is the site of many ornate theaters, which include the Orpheum Theater, the Citi Performing Arts Center, the Boston Opera House, and the Cutler Majestic Theater. Boston tourism is not complete unless you make contact with its culture. Within all of these theaters can be found performances by the restructured Handel and Haydn Society, an old choral company, the Boston Lyric Opera Company, the Boston Early Music Festival, the Boston Ballet, and the truly renovated Boston Symphony Orchestra! If you are lucky enough to vacation during the Fourth of July Celebrations, you can hear the Boston Pops concert held at the banks of the Charles River, which is accompanied by a magnificent fireworks show!

Sports

Even people from Europe have heard about the famous baseball team acknowledged as the Boston Red Sox as they were founding member of the American League and play in the well-known Fenway Park. The first game of the World Series was played there. Any Boston tourism should include Fenway Park!

The New England Patriots football team was founded in the year 1960, but they were then known as the Boston Patriots. Everyone who knows all about the American Football League knows that they were a charter member of the AFL!

Museums

Boston has some of the most diverse museums available. Vacation families should not miss the New England Aquarium, nor the Skywalk Observatory. Fun in Boston should include the Boston Children's Museum. Boston is also the home of the prestigious Harvard Museum of Natural History.

Family Fun

If you wish to see outdoor acts consisting of magicians, jugglers and the like with your family, or you want to shop in the very best shops, or even if you wish to sample some of the wonderful food of Boston, make absolutely certain that you head toward Faneuil Hall Marketplace, for it is the star of Boston tourism.

Its restaurants will astound you, the women in your party will be flabbergasted by quality and quantity of the shopping, and the kids will giggle all day at the outdoor street performers. Truly a most exciting vacation locale! Also, Quincy Market, a part of the Faneuil Hall Marketplace is considered to be one of the most visited food halls in the world. Do not miss this tourist spot as part of your vacation!

Riding the T

Colloquially known as "the T" the underground subway through Boston is quite easy to travel with, and you'll find …

How to Make State-of-the-Art Video Singles Cheaply

When it comes to promoting their new music releases, I have

found that most musicians only consider radio as the vehicle

for exposing their music to the public.

Rarely do they consider publicity, in the form of print media,

i.e., music magazines, weekly arts and entertainment

publications and newspapers as support tools to help support

their radio airplay (another subject I shall address shortly).

But, even rarer, is their consideration of the importance of

having videos for their singles. A video of your single, which

was once considered an optional luxury, is now a standard,

vital and necessary tool if you are going to compete with

fellow independent recording artists for media and consumer

attention.

And, a video is even more important if you are going to

compete with major label artists. In fact, since having a video

for your single, particularly, your very first single from a new

release, is so vitally important, why would you even release a

recording without one in today’s music climate?

To me, that is like a soldier going to war with only a handgun

while leaving his automatic weapon behind in his barracks.

But, perhaps, in your mind, you believe that it is still very

expensive to produce videos for your singles. Even more,

while you are likely an expert on producing music, you

probably feel like an amateur when it comes to video

production. However, that need not be the case any longer.

So, I am going to show you a no-brainer approach to easily

getting a video produced for, at least, your first single from

your new release, if not all of your singles.

* Steps to Getting Your Video Singles Produced Cheaply *

1. After you have your mastered soundtrack, and have

selected your first single, you should then contact an area

college, university or art institute.

2. Tell the school’s administration department that you need

to get in touch with its “broadcast journalism” department.

3. When you reach the broadcast journalism department,

ask to speak to an “advisor” or “department head.”

4. Tell the advisor or department head that you are an artist

interested in getting a music video produced, and that you

would like to be put in touch with either a senior student or

graduate student who is majoring in broadcast journalism

with, perhaps, a concentration on “production” or “direction.”

You may also want to stress your preference for a student

who has experience with having produced music videos

already. Depending on the size of the school, there will likely

be several highly qualified student candidates.

In most cases, you will find video producers or directors who

will want to work from a script, which includes a story line, for

your video single. If that is the case, and you are in need of

a script, I would like to direct you to MuBiz.com, which can

produce a video script from your single. See the below link:

[http://www.mubiz.com/services.html#Video_Scripting]

You can also see a sample video script that …

Learning Energizes Your Brain To Learn More

Have you ever wanted to learn about something but didn’t know how? You’re not alone. For every question, there is usually an answer; it’s merely a matter of discovering the most appropriate avenue of access that will lead you to an explanation. Sometimes it’s a short road, other times it can seem like the never-ending highway to bewilderment.

Deciphering conscious thought is a more complex process than you might imagine. For the brain to input new quantities of information, an entire series of biological connections have to occur. Those connections are transmitted via electrical impulses called neurons. Explaining how conscious thoughts arise from electric signals is something numerous scientists are still trying to learn.

Not as simple as it seems, considering the brain is considered “the most complex object in the known universe,” according to Christof Koch, Chief Scientific Officer of the Allen Institute for Brain Science. Koch is one of many researchers diligently working on uncovering the mystery of how the brain connects its 100 billion neurons to perform the myriad of daily conscious activities we all experience.

Neurological Landscape Of The Brain Constantly Expanding

Science is now trying to explain questions about the brain that analytical thinking has not been able to answer. Koch compares studying the brain to examining the rainforest. With the amount of biological diversity found throughout a tropical jungle, new generations of scientific investigators continually discover new and uncharted territories. And again, the universe expands, presenting new questions and providing new observations.

It is much the same with our brain. As exploratory tools evolve, so too, does our capacity to analyze and understand the complexities within our brain. Neurologists have uncovered possibilities previously unknown, such as humans possessing 1,000 different types of nerve cells, just as there are 1,000 different species of trees in the rainforest.

Understanding how things work, reflecting on why they are, theorizing about possible explanations for unclear experiences, then experimenting to either prove or disprove a theory is referred to as the learning cycle: Experiencing Reflecting Theorizing Experimenting. This scientific interpretation of the learning process may seem overly simplistic, but nonetheless represents the cognitive steps that occur when we learn.

What Learning Style Are You?

Keep in mind these actions happen must faster in the deep unexplored recesses of the brain than in the relative surface-level awareness of the conscious mind. Learning time can vary based on experiential differences; reflections may emerge quicker if the brain recognizes a previous related experience; theorizing can become more efficient if a reflection mirrors a previous action, and experimentation could be minimized given the cycle is familiar.

In other words, we learn as a result of previous learning.

D.A. Kolb, Ph.D. in social psychology from Harvard University, condenses the learning process into what has become known as the Four Learning Styles: Divergers are people who analyze experiences and think deeply about them; Convergers conceptualize experiences then give them the practicality test; Accomodators like to ‘do’ rather than ‘think’, and Assimilators prefer to think rather …