Question Bank As a Reform in Higher Education

Question bank in Indian universities

Question bank is a collection of questions produced by universities and examining boards in different subjects over the years.

Examiners can select questions from these question banks for setting up question papers. They contain questions to examine students both in internal as well as external examinations. Types of questions available in question banks are of essay type and objective type. Questions to question banks are selected in such a way that they test students’ comprehensive ability.

Development of question bank:

Association of Indian universities has formed question bank containing 10000 questions in physics, chemistry, botany, zoology, mathematics, commerce, economics etc. Collecting questions from previous years’ question papers is one way. Senior professors and heads of departments may be asked to contribute questions to question banks. A seminar may be arranged, where faculties from different universities will participate, discuss and frame questions. An organized way of designing, publicizing and training will be necessary for successful implementation.

Functions

Question banking is considered as a part of the examination reform. This question bank helps universities to maintain standard of education at same level in all colleges. Less experienced teachers can collect questions from these banks where questions are framed by senior professors. Teachers and examiners are continuously involved in creating more and more questions for inclusion thus keeping them professionally involved. Question banks if carefully built up can influence curriculum development, guiding in interpreting syllabus, writing objectives, building valid questions are some of the possible gains. Teachers will be trained as item writers. They will develop scientific skills not only in item writing but also in prevalidating them. More and more effective methods of teaching and learning can be implemented. Difficulties in students’ learning can be diagnosed

Storing of questions

Questions are stored in trays called “cardex trays”. 8″x5″ cards are ideal for storing questions in cardex trays. The card contains questions and statistical data about questions. It would be difficult to imagine a question bank developing it full potential without making use of technical and administrative advantages of computes. The handling of large scale computations of questions to question banks is possible only with computer. For limited scale applications printed booklets or brochures is sufficient.

Advantages

A question offers a chance (i) to produce and evaluate questions on a relatively more effective basis. (ii) To carry out concurrent comparability. (iii) To match the examinations to the curriculum that is taught and not as tends to happen in the conventional setting the other way around. The question bank would act as a neutral educational and administrative service helping teachers and examiners to solve some of the problems with large scale examining.…

Tim Tebow Early Life Bio – University of Florida (UF) Gators Quarterback Now With Denver Broncos

Tim Tebow became a household name for most sports fans during his four year career playing quarterback for the University of Florida (UF) Gators football team during the 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 seasons. While even casual sports fans are familiar with the Heisman Trophy winning quarterback fewer are aware of what his early life bio was like long before being drafted by the Denver Broncos in April of 2010 or signing on to play college football for coach Urban Meyer at the University of Florida.

Tim was born in August of 1987 in the Philippines in a city that most Americans have never heard of called Makati City. The seemingly odd location of his birth is a result of the Christian missionary work that his parents Robert and Pamela were doing in the South Pacific at the time. Robert and Pamela met at the University of Florida and for many years now the couple oversees an orphanage in the Philippines.

Tim, along with his siblings, was home schooled from an early age. The motivation of the family to have the mother homeschool the children was largely motivated by the desire to have a certain faith based set of beliefs instilled into their children, a set of morals that the family felt would be taught more effectively at home rather than in a traditional school setting. Although this premise makes sense when comparing homeschooling to traditional public schools why the family did not choose a private parochial education is unclear.

A 1996 Florida piece of legislation allowing home schooled children to compete in high school sports within the local school districts they lived in actually paved the way for Tim Tebow to eventually become a household name. The high school football career of the future first round NFL draft pick quarterback began very discreetly while Tim was home schooled and playing linebacker and tight end at Trinity Christian Academy in Jacksonville, Florida. As many amateur football analysts with 20/20 hindsight can attest the full potential of Tim’s athleticism, throwing ability, and leadership skills were underutilized at the tight end position on offense.

In a successful effort to find a high school football program where Tim could flourish as a quarterback Tim and his mother moved from their family farm in Duval County to an apartment in neighboring St. Johns County in Florida so that Tim would be eligible to play at Nease High School. In large part because Tim was such a standout athlete upset parents of opposing players were frustrated that as a home schooled student athlete he essentially had his pick of any team to play for.

Tim was named the state of Florida Player of the Year following both his junior and senior seasons in high school. Among the numerous accolades that he accumulated during his prep career were recognition as an all-state football player and being named a Parade All-American. In a turn of events that certainly would have surprised the Trinity High School football coaches …

Ways To Make Your College Application Stand Out

Every year, admissions officers are bombarded with standardized applications from a variety of applicants, some qualified and some not so qualified. To really make your application look attractive, you have to have a well-rounded, organized and confident presentation.

Here are five ways to make your college application stand out.

1. Write an original, thought-provoking essay.

Make sure your essay is amazing. Start early. Spend plenty of time brainstorming. Organize and reorganiz your ideas until you have come up with the most logical structure to present your argument. Have a clear thesis statement, and develop your points with supporting evidence. Be original, but be honest. You can highlight your achievements without having to over-embellish them. Just answer the topic completely and be confident in your ability to communicate effectively.

2. Include enthusiastic letters of recommendation.

Your letters of recommendation need to be excellent. You have to choose the right people to write them. Approach a teacher you respect, trust and communicate with frequently. Ask this person (or an employee, counselor or other authority figure) to do this favor for you, and if they hesitate at all, find someone else. You need to know that your letters of recommendation will be wholesale endorsements of your scholastic prowess and academic potential. They must be positive and powerful, so find the right people, and give them time to craft their encouraging endorsement.

3. Have a transcript that you can be proud of.

You need to have a transcript that looks spectacular and challenging. Your GPA has to be solid, and you should be sure that you meet the minimum GPA admission requirements. Your transcript has to be packed with challenging classes and college prep courses. If you get straight A's in less than challenging classes, your GPA will look wonderful, but your schedule will have been average at best. You need to really challenge yourself in high school. Take hard courses and perform excellently, and you'll have a transcript that you can be proud of.

4. Achieve high standardized test scores.

Just like your GPA, most colleges have minimum admission requirements when it comes to your standardized test score. Make sure you have performed well on these exams. Take a test preparation course or hire a tutor to maximize your scores. If you feel like you could've done better, then take the tests again.

5. Show that you have accomplishments outside of the classroom.

Your application needs to prove that you're not just a whiz in the classroom. Show off your interests. Tout your involvement in organized sports, music, clubs, community affairs, volunteer work and church activities. Do not just make a laundry list of responsibilities and associations. Show that you are dedicated to these endeavors. Let the admissions officers see that you are capable of being dependable. …

Writing Your College Essay – 5 Tips to Success

A great college application essay paintings a picture about who you really are so that the admissions officer gets to know more about you. Your essay is a way for you to elaborate on your application and it is your chance to set yourself apart from other applicants. Admission essays are also a way to show the reader that you can organize your thoughts to write clearly and effectively.

Here are 5 tips for writing your college essay:

Tip # 1
Stay Focused:

Your goal in writing your essay is to prove a point – that you are the best candidate for this school. Make sure that you stay focused so that the reader will be able to stay focused. Someone else should easily be able to read and follow your essay from the beginning and all the way up until the end. Remember the fastest way from point A to pint B is by heading there in a straight line. By being careful, clear and organized in your writing your essay will reflect who you really are so that the college will want to have you as part of their freshmen class.

Tip # 2
Provide Evidence:

Once you have provided the main idea for your essay, you will then need to provide evidence that supports it. Give specific examples, quotes, and reasons that support your main idea. Do not get carried away with providing too many supporting facts, but do not be in a position where you do not provide sufficient support to your main idea to prove it either.

Tip # 3
Be specific:

Use specific examples to paint a vivid picture of your supporting evidence and details. Try not to be too generic or use clichés.

While this is a good sentence: "I want to study medicine so that I can become a pediatrician."

This is a better sentence: "I want to study medicine so that I can do medical research, which will help advance our knowledge of childhood diseases and how we may be able to prevent or cure them.

Tip # 4
Do not be predictable:

Remember that colleges read thousands of these essays every year. Do not write about what you think they want to hear. Choose a topic that is unique and that sets you apart from the 999 other essays they are going to read on the same day that they read yours. This is not the time to try and blend in with the crowd.

Tip # 5
It's not a resume:

Your application essay is not a chance for you to reiterate everything that is already listed on your application application. It is also not a list of your accomplishment, achievements and awards. Your essay is your chance to show the reader that you have the ability to organize your thoughts clearly into words, sentences, paragraphs and extremely an essay. It is also your chance to differentiate yourself from your competition. It should highlight your most prominent awards and …

Top Online Universities For Military Veterans – Which One is Right For You?

Although there are a number of online colleges and universities that specialize in military-friendly programs, there are certain factors to be considered to classify them as one of the top online universities for military veterans. To be one of the best, a military-friendly university should support the CLEP policy. As per this policy students are provided partial credits based on certain undergraduate examinations and also credits for the students military experience. Best universities should also be accredited and should accept and offer various scholarships, financial support and tuition costs.

It has been proven through many studies and researches that military-friendly online colleges and universities provide the much needed support and assistance for veterans to make a smooth transition to a civil life. Joining one of the top online military-friendly universities will help to hone their educational stock and build their confidence. Most online universities for military veterans offer several degree programs in different areas of study from which veterans can make a choice that best suits to their area of ​​interests. The experience that they gain in one of these online programs will help to prepare them to excel in a job of their particular field of interest.

Following is a list of some of the top online universities for military veterans.

American Military University – AMU was established by a former military officer and specializes in offering degree programs that are best suited for military veterans. Their program schedules are flexible such that veterans can complete their chosen programs at their own pace. Their tuition fees are affordable and concur with a number of veterans benefit programs.

Norwich University – Their programs are designed to make a veterans transition from military to civil life as smooth as possible. It is also one of the first colleges to be established for military veterans. They offer a number of online degree programs for veterans including engineering, justice, business, diplomacy, nursing, military history and more. At Norwich military veterans can be assured that their military experience will be recognized and used effectively to enhance their chosen program.

AIU Online – AIU Online allows veterans to pursue their degree programs in their own pace. Their online degree programs are highly flexible and include visual communication, business administration and information technology. AIU Online also supports many veteran education assistance programs.

Saint Leo University – The GI Jobs Magazine has recognized Saint Leo University as one of the Top Military Friendly Schools of 2010. They are known for their quality academic programs and for their recognition of the experience of military veterans. They also offer campus education and support the post 9/11 GI Bills Yellow Ribbon Program.

Liberty University – One of the top online universities for military veterans, Liberty offers numerous benefits not only to military veterans but also to other military personnel who are looking for quality educational programs to achieve their goals. Heroes Fund Scholarship, Tuition Assistance and Military Tuition discount are just a few of the benefits offered by Liberty University. …

Indian Institutes of Technology – Engineering Par Excellence

The boom of IT sector and infrastructure in India has sky-rocketed the demand of engineers. While there are engineering colleges dime a dozen in the country, the Indian Institutes of Technology are the best of the breed. Every Indian who wants to be an engineer, dreams about joining one of the IITs.

As of early 2009, there are 7 IITs functioning in their own campus. These are IIT Kharagpur, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, IIT Kanpur, IIT Delhi, IIT Guwahati and IIT Roorkee. Six IITs are currently operational from temporary campuses because they started operations in 2008. These are IIT Bhubaneswar, IIT Gandhinagar, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Patna, IIT Punjab and IIT Rajasthan. These six IITs are currently under the mentorship of older IITs and operate from their campuses.

Unlike other engineering colleges, the IITs do not need to be affiliated to any university to offer degrees. This is because each institution is considered an autonomous university by itself.

Courses Offered:

IITs offer degree courses at Bachelor and Master level. They are also research focused institutes. At the undergraduate level, the undergraduate level, all the students get a B. Tech. degree. The specific nomenclature of degree depends upon the engineering stream chosen by the students.

Each of the IITs is famous for particular engineering streams. Commonly the students choose for Computer Science, Electronics, Mechanical engineering, Aerospace, and Civil engineering streams. Whereas the study courses of first year are common for all students, the second year onwards, their study courses are decided according to the engineering stream they have chosen.

The IITs also offer an integrated degree of Master of Technology. Master of Business Administration course is also being offered along with Master of Science. The research level, Doctor of Philosophy is also offered by the IITs.

Admission Process:

Admission to all the IITs takes place through a centralized entrance test system. The procedure of admission to IITs is known as the Joint Entrance Examination. On an average, as many as 600,000 students write the JEE every year. Of these mere 5500 students are selected for these elite institutions. To appear for the JEE, the applicant must have secured 60% marks at 10 + 2 level with science subjects. For the reserved category, the minimum required percentage is 55%. Test can not be taken more than twice and maximum age limit is 25 years (30 years for reserved categories).

Admissions at the post graduate level are made through course specific admission tests. For M. Tech courses, the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is held. For M. Sc. JAM (Joint Admission to M.Sc.) is held whereas the admission to management programs is through JMET (Joint Management Entrance Test).

Job Prospects:

Being the top most engineering colleges of the country, completing the IIT degree is by itself a job guarantee. Most of the students get job offers through campus placement sessions. The students get numerous international job opportunities with United States based companies being one of the largest hirers of IIT alumni.

IITs are …

Top US Colleges & Universities

United States of America (USA) is the most preferred destination in the world for higher studies and work. Education in USA draws students not solely because it is the most developed nation, but because it provides the highest quality of education. The course structure as well as the method of study train students in a way no other country does. Although this is true for all colleges in America, but every student should and want to get admission to one of the top US Colleges and Universities.

University of Chicago ranks first among the innumerable US universities. It was founded by John D. Rockfeller in 1892, and today houses 14,600 students and 2100 faculty members. It has the best research and technological infrastructure. The approximate cost of the course and stay is 52,450$. A premier undergrad institute, it has four divisions at the UG level, namely, Biological Sciences, Humanities, Physical Sciences and Social Sciences. Graduates can apply to the various professional schools – Divinity School, Booth School of Business, Law School, Pritzker School of Medicine, Irving B Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies, or the School of Social Service Administration. Chicago University is known specifically for its law, economics and science departments. To get admission to this institution, you need to fill the common application form. Admission is on the basis of reports of secondary and high school, teachers’ evaluation, SAT or ACT score. Also students are to submit a short essay on why they want to enroll to this university along with an answer essay to the question on the website.

Harvard University, named after John Harvard, was established in 1636 in Cambridge. It is the oldest private university in US. Best known for its law school, business school and medical school, the university also offers varied options to choose from. At the under graduate level, students can choose between African and African American Studies, Anthropology, Chemistry, Economics, Engineering and Applied Sciences, History, Music, Psychology, Sociology and Women, Gender and Sexuality. Learning of a foreign language and a writing course is compulsory in the first year. At the PG level, you can opt for any of the schools – Harvard Business School, Divinity School, Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Harvard Graduate School of Design, Harvard Graduate School of Education, Harvard Graduate Law School, Harvard Graduate Medical School, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health. Harvard University is accredited by the NEASC-CI HE. Online courses are also available for those who cannot attend it on campus. To get admission you need to have a SAT score of 2080-2370 or ACT score of 31-34.

Yale University, founded in 1701 is located in New Haven. The cost of study here is about 54,000$. This Arts and Science Institute offers curses in Mathematics, Foreign Language, Computer Science, Economics, Music, Psychology etc. Online application is recommended. Eligibility depends on the College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) SAT I and and any two …

How to Choose an Institute for Management Studies

With the mounting popularity of management courses and their success rate to acquire a job, there are hundreds of business schools offering numerous executive programs. These courses are offered to graduates as well as post-graduates or even those who are already a part of any organization. The availability of such a diverse and huge choice makes it tricky to choose the best institute. Apart from choosing the best place, it also becomes complicated to judge which particular course is the demand of the hour.

Here are few tips and tricks to choose the best possible learning place depending upon certain factors –

1 The Ranking – This is one of the most convenient and reliable ways to opt for excellent study center. There are thousands of B-Schools in this world and each of them owns a ranking which describes their quality. One can go through several websites or monthly journals in order to determine which learning center is doing good and placed on the top ten positions. This includes placement history, infrastructure, faculty and most important, fees. This will provide a fair picture regarding an institute, so it will be a wise idea to collect as much information as possible.

2 The Offerings – This is the most important thing to be considered while choosing any B-school that what they are offering and in what ways. First, interested candidates should determine their own requirement such as what kind of management course they are looking for. The next step is to compare the requirements with the offers of different establishments such as different courses. Try to be a part of an organization providing satisfactory programs in order to enjoy the great worth from investment.

3 The Financial Considerations – Most of the management programs are quite expensive, so consider carefully the financial impact of the fee structure. Check out the affordability, travel costs, living expenses, etc as per the location. Those who just want to accelerate their established career can go for some less cost learning center.

4 The Expectations – No two management institutions can be absolutely alike, they differ in ways of their teaching and placement style. Determine the exact requirement which includes the courses offered, syllabus, practical training and industrial visits. This will help in choosing the right type of B-School and an opportunity to enjoy real-life experience.

5 The Physical Circumstances – One needs to carefully assess the suitability of particular area where the institution is located. Consider the suitability of the infrastructure, daily travel area, the timings and availability of the accommodation. Check whether it is suitable for full-time course or just for a shortened one.

6 The Impact on Lifestyle – Those who are already working somewhere and want to get informed with some good administration colleges should try to match their lifestyle. It is very imperative to balance studies and work without giving up the job and the best decision for such situation is joining distant learning centers.

There are ample ways to find …

Getting Your First Sales Role

In any job market, obtaining that first job can often be a challenging task. However, with adequate assistance and specialist knowledge, candidates can obtain those maiden job opportunities. The sales job market is one that is specifically characterized by a large number of vacancies and intense competition between recruitment firms and applicants. One of the reasons why there is so much competition in the sales market is partly because new recruitment firms are constantly entering the market. Another reason is because many graduates and even those who already have some commercial experience in other industrial sectors are looking to begin careers in the sales industry. It should also be stated that not all sales roles in the job market are lucrative roles. In fact, many of them have the tendency to be exploitative and sub-standard in nature. This means that such roles offer candidates very little scope for career progress and fulfillment. So the question is how do graduates and graduate caliber individuals secure their first sales job?

One of the keys to making that first career step into the sales industry is adequate sales training. This is because with comprehensive sales training, employers will be more willing to give graduates some employment considerations. However, training is not enough. Candidates still need the specialist knowledge, employment contacts and experience of a graduate selection and sales training agency. Such agencies have a proven potential to expedite and streamline the entire process of obtaining suitable sales roles. Throughout the UK, university graduates and experienced professionals alike have made the sales recruitment field one of the most lucrative in the world. Choosing a good recruiting agency is like selecting a car, meaning it is fundamental and needs to run perfectly to keep careers moving along smoothly.

This comes as no surprise when one considers that the clientele base of major recruiting agencies include some of the world's most famous brand names. Also, many of their candidates are now some of the best-performing sales professionals in the industry today. This success is largely attributable to their fundamental concept of the right attitude. These agencies believe that with the right attitude, there is nothing that can not be achieved within the field of sales. It should also be highlighted that after agencies have secured a suitable role for their candidates, they continue to provide them with post-recruitment support and guidance beyond the first day of work. Very few recruitment organizations offer their candidates this same type of intensive support and it is important for sales people to find the right agency. …