The Science Of Cake Frosting

Most of us have experienced the immense joy of dipping a finger into a bowl of delicious cake frosting and then popping it into our mouths. Often it is just as appealing to our senses thanks to its silken texture or its smoothness, as it is for its delicious taste or flavor. What is so interesting about frostings, icings, glazes, fondants, and any other sort of coating for a cake, is that the recipes are so diverse and varied and they each have a very specific sort of appeal.

For example, fans of the many different television programs that focus on professional bakers and the highly decorative cakes that they make, will be very familiar with fondant. This is something made from sugar and water and which can have a glaze-like consistency or can be as pliable and durable as a heavy dough. It can be rolled out into sheets and can, literally, wrap a cake in icing. Naturally, this has a lot of appeal to any sort of baker or cake decorator looking for a very sculptural cake, but also to those who really want to control the end results too. It isn’t, however, the best frosting for a cake that has a very delicate texture or quality because the weight of the icing may cause the cake to collapse.

This means that a baker is going to have to understand the different properties of the different frostings in order to know which are most ideally suited to their decorating needs, and to the needs of the cake. Often, people might get so “caught up” in the design process as to forget that a cake is meant to be eaten and enjoyed. This requires that the cake body be moist and flavorful and that the frosting, icing or glaze be a good companion to it. This might pose a serious challenge to a baker if the decoration is not well-suited to the medium.

Luckily, there is such a diversity of frostings available that there are few times when a specific design scheme cannot be achieved. For instance, there are buttercream recipes that create light and fluffy results, but which are also able to remain a bit thicker for the cake decorator who wants to pipe everything from string and basket work to flowers and borders. There are cloud-like icings that are simply piled up and gently spread over the surface of a cake and which serve as the decoration and frosting at the same time. There are the rigid fondants and the many effects these can achieve, and there are the watery icings and glazes that can be heated and poured over a cake before becoming firm and rigid, and yet giving the cake a highly glossy sheen that serves as an ideal backdrop to many kinds of decorations.

The thing to remember about these many types of frostings is that they should be selected for their good looks, their fine textures, their suitable flavors, and most importantly for …

How to Become a Singer in Dubai

How to become a singer in Dubai Guide

Dubai is a fantastic location in the Middle East, rich with prosperity and opportunity for new and existing businesses to thrive. Dubai is also a prime location for entertainers and singers to perform and succeed in a full time career in the art to which they love.

But what does it take to become a singer in Dubai and what should you know as an entertainer seeking to break out into the Dubai entertainment industry?

As a professional singer and performer in Dubai, I have put together what I have discovered and learnt throughout my journey and experienced whilst entertaining in the UAE.

Before we start, I would like to point out that I am not just a nobody. I have been a professional singer and entertainer worldwide who has finally settled down in the beautiful city of Dubai. Dubai has some of the most fantastic restaurants, beaches and most importantly entertainment.

Awash with restaurants, hotels, nightclubs and entertainment venues there has never been such a great location for entertainers, bands and singers to achieve they’re full potential.

To ensure that you have the best chance of success in the UAE with your singing career then follow these simple steps below:

Create a promotional CD

All entertainment venues and agencies will want to hear your voice before they book you. Creating a CD of 5 to 10 tracks will be enough for them to make an educated decision before signing you up.

Dubai has numerous recording studios located inside and surrounding the city in places such as Deira, Downtown and Abu Dhabi.

Make sure that you have a broad selection of various genres so that you are open to more opportunities and venues.

Get professional photographs

There is nothing worse than being empty handed when an agency or venue requests some professional photographs.

Hire a photographer to take a selection of pictures in hi-resolution to be used in any promotion, web sites and social media.

Get on social media

It is important that you start creating a following as soon as possible. Create fan pages on Facebook, Instagram, YouTube and Twitter where people can find you and watch any of your live performances. Allow your fans to share and comment to get maximum outreach.

Be sure to reply to comments and announce any future performance dates. Remember that venues need to be filled to ensure that you keep singing there!

Print some business cards

Another highly embarrassing and unprofessional occasion is when a potential client or venue asks for your business card and you don’t have any to hand them.

You will find that business cards are still extremely popular in the UAE. This maybe due to the multicultural population of Dubai and the UAE. A good company that offers affordable business card printing are DESCO.

Having a professional and attractive business card is the quickest way to get your contact details into the right hands and generate some business.

Be sure …

On Knowing Everything

Aristotle has been described as the last person to know everything there was to be known. To belittle this achievement by supposing that in his day there wasn’t really that much to know is to underestimate the breadth of Aristotle’s knowledge. His writings embraced physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology and zoology.

Nowadays, the very idea of knowing everything seems beyond our comprehension. One need only point to Wikipedia to demonstrate how such encyclopedic knowledge far exceeds the capacity of any one individual. We may know a lot about our chosen field, but we should have no illusions: our ignorance vastly exceeds our knowledge.

But isn’t there some way to get a sense of the “big picture”? After all, everyone now carries a mental image of the earth as seen from outer space, a perspective unavailable to-even unimaginable for-people a hundred years ago. Surely there must be some way to achieve a comparable picture of western culture.

Happily, we have a tool not available to Aristotle. Statistics tells us that a carefully selected sample allows us to make valid generalizations about a population. Even if we can’t know all the individual trees, we can get a pretty fair idea of the forest by examining particular specimens.

So how do we choose the specimens for a large-scale perspective of western culture? The matrix-the grid pattern familiar from spreadsheets-offers a powerful tool. Imagine a grid with time on one axis and six categories of culture-Art, Literature, Music, Philosophy & Theology, Science & Mathematics, History & Social Sciences-on the other.

The century offers a convenient, if arbitrary, unit of measurement for time. But when we start trying to fill in the grid, it quickly becomes apparent that the century becomes impractical before around 1000 A.D. For the sake of convenience, we might want to consider Ancient Greece as a single unit, Ancient Rome as another unit, and the Middle Ages (say, the 5th through 10th centuries) as a third unit, before proceeding with one-hundred-year intervals.

Having established an empty grid, the next step is to fill as many of the boxes as we can with separate artists, composers, and authors, corresponding to the individual trees in our forest of western culture. These choices can become highly personal, but we need not claim that our choice is the best possible candidate for that box, only that it be a defensible nominee.

I offer my own grid not to insist on my choices but simply to illustrate the process. (Unfortunately, this site cannot reproduce a matrix, but by viewing the contents of each row you can get an idea of what it might look like.)

Ancient Greece: Parthenon; Homer; Sophocles; Plato; Aristotle; Pythagoras; Euclid; Herodotus

Ancient Rome: Colosseum; Virgil; Paul of Tarsus; Ptolemy; Caesar

5th-10th centuries: Book of Kells; Beowulf; Plainsong; St. Augustine; Gregory of Tours

11th century: Bayeux Tapestry; Song of Roland; Rise of polyphony; St. Anselm

12th century: St. Sernin de Toulouse; Chrétien …

East Carolina University Pirates Nickname Explained

The East Carolina University pirates have both a nickname and a name that confuses many folks that are not familiar with the Greenville, North Carolina school. The confusion with regards to the name arises from the fact that while there are two very well-known Carolinas in the United States (North Carolina and South Carolina) a geographer could scour an atlas all day and never find an East Carolina. The truth of the matter is that the institution of higher education today commonly known as East Carolina University (ECU for short) began as the East Carolina Teachers Training School back in 1907 with a mission statement to serve the eastern portion of North Carolina. A quick glance at a map of North Carolina reveals that Greenville is located in the eastern half of the state (although some might argue that it is as centrally located as it is eastern).

With a grasp on the geographical basis behind the name origin many curious onlookers question the relevance of the nickname the Pirates because most landlubbers have no recollection of Greenville, North Carolina being a safe haven for pirates the last time anyone checked. The truth of the matter is that pirates have been associated with North Carolina for centuries. Those not familiar with this fact are encouraged to brush up on their pirate knowledge. As it turns out one of the most notorious pirates to ever sail the seven seas hailed from North Carolina. Edward Teach, better known as Blackbeard the pirate, was an English pirate that ran amuck up and down the Carolina coast from 1712 until he died battling for his life in 1718. Among the spots the famed pirate frequented were the coastal communities of Beaufort, Ocracoke, and Bath. In fact, many other pirates used the shallow waters around the North Carolina coast to avoid capture by authorities looking to put an end to illicit pirating activities.

In an effort to pay homage to the rich history of the area (however violent and illegal it might have been) East Carolina University has not only proudly called themselves the Pirates since 1983 but the school has even gone so far as to designate a specific fictional pirate by the name of PeeDee the Pirate as its official mascot. In the true spirit of historical accuracy the cartoonish mascot with an oversized head that roams the sidelines at football games has a full black beard that resembles the most famous area pirate (Blackbeard) that inspired the character’s creation. The name PeeDee is a local reference to the river by the same name (Pee Dee River) that runs through South Carolina and North Carolina. The river is actually named after the Native American Pee Dee tribe that once called the area home. To bring the story full circle historical evidence suggests that pirates often setup camp along the Pee Dee River during the eighteenth century when the vicinity was flush with pirates.

Despite an area now free of dangerous pirates East Carolina …

Availing Premedical Courses

Students in the pre-medical courses have the opportunity to meet their educational goals at a world-class university. The program admits post-baccalaureate students seeking the laboratory science courses in biology, general and organic chemistry and physics required for the application to most medical, dental, veterinary, and related professional schools. The careers of Pre-medical courses provide a better scope to the interested students to get the numerous leadership positions within the organization allow students the opportunity to enhance their leadership skills for their future profession.

Education requirements

It is designed for students who have sufficient level of English but lack the knowledge of medicine related subjects. After completing the program they have the opportunity to apply for University admission. The Pre-Medical Program provides a smooth adaptation year for all the newcomers. You will meet international students from different cultures in small-size groups. You will get adapted to an independent way of life and you will learn how to prepare yourself for oral and written exams. There is no limit on the time frame during which the courses must be completed, but if you have been out of school for a few years, it is strongly recommended that you have some recent science coursework to demonstrate that you can still do well in a classroom setting.

Duration of the Course

The Pre-medical courses are the one mostly pursued by the interested aspirants to kick start off the career in the field of medical sciences. The duration of the course is mostly from 2 to 3 years which mostly provide you with a degree of Diploma in the field of medical sciences.

Subjects in the Pre-medical Courses

• Physics

• Anatomy

• Biochemistry

• General Biology

• General chemistry

• Genetics

• Biochemistry

Characteristics of a pre-medical aspirant

• Volunteer and job shadow in a variety of medical settings and specialties throughout the college and reputed university career (i.e. primary care physicians, specialties of interest, rural and urban settings, community clinics, dental centers, mission trips abroad, etc.).

• Be actively involved with activities demonstrating social conscience, compassion, and personal character to reflect to prove him.

• Show leadership ability to prove him in the course learning.

• Be active members of the college.

• Develop an ability to communicate with a variety of people in a variety of ways (i.e. written, verbal, non-verbal, technological, etc.) to develop his/her skills.

• Demonstrate the ability to effectively managing time.

Colleges and Universities

There are many medical and pre-medical colleges and universities helping the medical aspirants to get the career of the pre-medical course and to develop a sense of leadership skills and the best of medical specialties so that the medical candidate can sunshine in the colleges and universities. A pre-medical candidate is required to bestow best of quality education from the reputed teachers and professor to help the aspirant get the good grades so that he can outrage his/her career ahead in the form of the medical officer and other higher position.

In my view, …

The Principles And Objectives Of Material Handling

Materials handling is the art and science of moving, packing, storing and protecting of substances in any form until they are brought to further use. Like any other work material handling also works on certain principles and objectives. These have been defined and described in details us under:

  1. Planning Principle: It is imperative to have a definitive plan before executing any work. Hence, the planning principle involves the method and timeline of keeping or moving the material as per demand of the consumer.
  2. Standardization principle: When handling large scale of material handling, maintaining a standard is very important. Customization of material as per need can lead to wastage of the material thus resulting in dead stock. This is why the equipment, software and controls should be standardized in a pattern to provide maximum benefit.
  3. Work Principle: The main objective of using the work principle is to ensure usage of handling equipment for movement of large-scale products is to minimize the load of work on the manual labor without having to compromise on the quality of the material handling.
  4. Ergonomic principle: Ergonomics is the science that seeks to adapt work or working conditions to suit the abilities of the worker. Therefore, the ergonomic principle works on the objective of understanding the limitations of the manual labor and to ensure that maximum work can be extracted without having to put them in jeopardy.
  5. Space Utilization principle: Since one of the prospects of material handling is storing of goods, the space utilization principle is important aspect to be covered. The space is three-dimensional and is calculated in cubic space to adjust the material without breaking it. The placement of material should be effective and efficient so as to keep it intact and make space for other products as well.
  6. Unit Load Principle: While moving and storing the goods it is imperative to know the unit load of the goods so as to ensure that it is appropriately sized and configured in a way which achieves the flow and stock objectives at each stage in the supply chain.
  7. System Principle: The objective of the system principle in material handling entails the movement; storage, protection and packing of the material should all work in a synchronized manner to make sure that the workflow is not hindered.
  8. Environmental Principle: All the machinery required for the accomplishing the task of material handling should be keeping in mind the environment of the storage space. For example energy consumption should be considered as an environmental factor when performing the routine tasks of material handling. Effective usage of energy ensures least wastage.

7 Fascinating and Cool Campfire Facts for Kids

Campfires are the highlight of every summer camp experience and the glow of a warm fire provides the perfect opportunity for kids to enjoy time-honored traditions such as roasting marshmallows and telling ghost stories. Along with the traditional campfire stories, lessons can be learned about science and history that take on new meaning when they are taught outdoors. This season, arm your little camper with a few fascinating facts about campfires that they can share with their fellow camp friends.

1. Campfires Reach Extreme Temperatures

While everyone knows that fire is hot, campers are often surprised at the extreme temperatures a campfire can reach. It only takes a few hours for a campfire to reach 900 degrees Fahrenheit, which is hot enough to melt lead.

2. Coals Continue to Burn Underground

Many people bury their fire when they are done out of the belief that it will snuff out the flames. However, hot coals left beneath the ground can continue to smolder. If they are near tree roots or other flammable materials, then they can reignite and cause a forest fire. Coals can burn underground for an extremely long time. In Australia, Burning Mountain contains underground coal that has been smoldering for over 6,000 years.

3. Campfires Have a Long History

Evidence of what is believed to be the first-known fire has been discovered in Swartkrans, South Africa. There, charred antelope bones suggest that humans were cooking their meat over a fire as far back as 1.9 million years ago. Interestingly, it appears as though dried grass and leaves were used as kindling rather than wood.

4. A Campfire Has Many Purposes

Although campfires tend to be viewed as a gathering place for socializing, they have multiple purposes. For example, a fire can be built to signal for help when a person is lost in the woods. It can also be used to dry clothing, deter wildlife and burn refuse when there is not a trash receptacle available.

5. Netherlands Holds the Record for World’s Largest Bonfire

There are many different ways to build a campfire and some people take pride in building the best. The world’s biggest campfire had an overall volume of 151,288 ft³. It was lit on New Year’s Even in 2014 and burned for a total of five days.

6. Campfires are Color Coded

Those dancing, colorful flames are more than just fun to watch since the colors can tell you a lot about the temperature of the fire. The red light emitted comes from the cooler parts of the fire, and the bluish-white flames signal where the highest heat exists.

7. Most Wildfires Are Due to Human Error

Humans start approximately nine out of ten wildfires and campfires are the biggest culprits. For this reason, it is best to use existing fire rings when they are available and always make sure a fire is completely extinguished before leaving the site.

Using a campfire for warmth, food and survival is a tradition that dates back to …

Why It’s Probably Not Worth Going to University Any More

I’ve been thinking recently, if I was a fresh-faced 18-year-old just out of college with my whole life ahead of me and pondering what to do next, would I go to university? The answer is probably not!

Before I explain, I must insert a disclaimer here that this does not mean that I don’t recommend anyone else to, neither does it rule out me sending my future kids to university. However, as a university graduate of 2004, the more I think about going to university today, the more I find myself wondering what exactly is the point?

My first issue with this age-old institution is the very modern practice of excessively high university fees.

A tax on knowledge?

As of next year, university tuition fees will be rising to a maximum of £9,000 which doesn’t include living expenses, cost of books, and all the other associated costs of student life – it is no wonder the latest UCAS figures show the biggest fall in university applications in more than 30 years!

How it is justifiable to fine, sorry charge, people whopping amounts to educate themselves is completely beyond me. Surely this is some kind of stealth tax on knowledge? From the parent perspective, I can imagine how massive a financial burden this must be, especially where there is more than one university-ready child in the household. These ludicrous fees may well see the UK go down the same route as China in future by adopting a one child policy to keep things affordable.

Forget uni, try YouTube instead!

The second reason I’m somewhat anti-university for now is that thanks to the internet, the world of learning has opened up in so many different and exciting ways that you can pretty much teach yourself anything you want by simply watching YouTube or scouring the pages of Google.

Unlike the somewhat restricted curriculum of a university module, self-taught subjects can be as varied as you like and as long or short as you like, and the best part is most of these online resources are free or low cost so you can save your university fees for your mortgage down payment instead. Also this way, you get to teach yourself subjects that actually affect your day-to-day life such as how to plan and achieve goals, manage your finances, develop a “winning” mindset and so on…

Branson didn’t go uni… and look where it got him

Entrepreneurship is not for the fainthearted but the truth is that it’s becoming more and more of an attractive option for young people who can’t find a job in today’s climate. It makes sense – if some big boss somewhere won’t give you a job, simply create your own!

Richard Branson didn’t go to university and look where it got him; neither did Ingvar Kamprad – the guy who founded IKEA, Simon Cowell who needs no explanation, and countless other entrepreneurs who are today living their own version of “the dream” without first obtaining letters after their …

Definition and History of Sociology

Definition

In a nutshell, sociology is the scientific study of society. Sociologists use the tools and methods of science to understand how and why humans behave the way they do when they interact together in groups. Though social groups – or societies – are made up of individual people, sociology is the study of the group rather than of the individual. When it comes to understanding how the individual human mind works, sociologists largely leave that up to psychologists.

Most people who call themselves “sociologists” work in universities and colleges, where they teach sociology and conduct sociological research. They ask a variety of questions about society, sometimes wanting answers just for the sake of curiosity; however, many times their findings are used to inform decisions by policymakers, executives, and other individuals. Many people who study sociology go on to conduct sociological research outside of academia, working for government agencies, think tanks, or private corporations. Accurate, systematic study of society is in one way or another useful to just about everyone.

Studying sociology, whether or not you call yourself a “sociologist,” means taking a particular view of the world: a view that sociologist C. Wright Mills called “the sociological imagination.” You have to be willing to set aside your ideas about how the social world should work so that you can see how it actually works. That doesn’t mean that sociologists don’t have personal values and opinions about the social world; they believe that to change the world, you first need to understand it.

History

Sociology is considered one of the social sciences – along with economics, psychology, anthropology, geography, and political science (among others). The social sciences were born in the 18th and 19th centuries, as people began applying the scientific method to human life and behavior. The world was changing dramatically and quickly as industrial production replaced agriculture, as democratic republics replaced monarchies, and as city life replaced country life. Realizing how many great insights science had lent regarding the natural world, people decided to try to use the same method to understand the social world.

Among the social sciences, sociology has always been unique in its ambition to understand the entire social world – considering all its aspects in combination rather than in isolation. It’s a daunting task, and one that sociologists are still struggling with today.

The most important early sociologists had clear ideas about how to study and understand society; these ideas still form the basis for much sociological investigation and discussion today. Karl Marx emphasized the importance of physical resources and the material world; he believed that conflict over resources is at the heart of social life. Emile Durkheim emphasized cooperation rather than conflict: He was interested in the shared norms and values that make cooperative social life possible. Max Weber took ideas from both Marx and Durkheim and argued that both conflict and cooperation, both material resources and cultural values are essential to social life.

Over the past century, sociologists have continued to debate …

Truck Driver Career – Long Term Career Goals

Establishing long-term career goals early in your truck driver career helps you to reach them. When you set goals for yourself, you are able to focus your efforts on the process. Goal setting helps you to get to where you eventually want to be. Goal setting is a powerful process for thinking, planning and motivating yourself to make your vision a reality. Also, because you will be focused on your goals, you will be less likely to be distracted in your efforts.

If you are a newly licensed commercial truck driver you’ve already successfully reached an established goal to get to this point. You’ve worked hard and successfully met all of the extensive licensing requirements. You successfully completed your truck driver training, passed the commercial drivers license exam and the Department of Transportation Medical Exam.

Newly licensed drivers are often hired by trucking companies which will place them with an experienced driver who will be their trainer for a period of time. If this is your situation take advantage of this training period to learn as much as you can about the trucking industry. This includes learning as much as you can about your current employer. Also, get information from other truck drivers about the companies they work for. This will enable you to learn about the many truck driving opportunities that may be available to you once you gain more experience.

The majority of new commercial truck drivers are assigned to haul dry van freight. However, there are a number of truck driving job possibilities. When you are on the road look at trucks and trailers that other drivers are operating. Make notes if you see something that interests you. This can be drivers pulling flatbed trailers, wide loads, tankers, etc. If any of these types of loads interest you it is important that you learn more about the requirements needed to work in these areas of trucking.

Whereas experienced truck drivers already possess significant knowledge about the trucking industry, new drivers have a great deal to learn. This is why it is so important to do good research. Make a list of both positive and negative things you learn about various trucking companies. This should include the advantages and disadvantages of hauling different types of freight. Also, you should consider the type of income you want to earn.

You might want to own your own trucking company. If so, do comprehensive research plus talk to other drivers who own their companies. Learn the advantages and disadvantages of owning your own company. This will enable you to discover if you have the traits, skills and patience necessary to build a successful trucking company.

Good goal setting requires you to make realistic plans.Your plans should be very specific and achievable. Don’t frustrate yourself by making unrealistic plans. Also, it is important to talk to your trusted circle of friends to get honest feedback from them in addition to their support. Good research and planning will greatly benefit you in setting …